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Why is the West against the unification of Muslims?

Source : islam.ru | 22 May 2013

In his interview, Viacheslav Matuzov, the President of the Society of Friendship and Business Partnership with the Arab Countries, answers the complex question about the reasons of disunity of the Arab-Islamic world and the obstacles on the way of unification.

It is often asked why the Arabs who used to have nearly the entire world under their control and had given a crucial impetus to the global science have become so weak and backward.

There is no doubt that the Arabic civilization can boast with a high level of scientific development in its history. The great Ibn Sina, the mathematicians of the Orient have given an impetus to the scientific development in Europe and the rest of the world. Many inventions and scientific concepts such as mathematical formulae are of the Arabic origin. The Arab world turned into a backward region during the Middle Ages when it became politically subordinated.  A similar situation could be found in the Central Asia, in the major Islamic centers like Bukhara, Tashkent and many other cities of the region. The collapse of the State in these regions and stipulation of a foreign rule have resulted in underdevelopment lasting for many centuries. Europe in its turn has gained the knowledge and the wealth of the Orient and could develop further until it reached the level it is at now.

No need to mention the present day is not to be compared with the situation in the Middle Ages - in the post war period the Arab countries became sovereign states and embarked on the path of independent development. However even this has not restored their potential. With great financial resources at their disposal the oil-producing countries are literally bathing in money but politically and economically they are still controlled by the West.

In my opinion, the West constrains the scientific and technological progress in the Arab region despite of the vast financial and economic potential of the latter. The western politics actually slow down the development in the countries of the Third World as well as in the Arab countries.

We observe the same strategy with the Iranian scenario. The Iranian science is developing rapidly and this is causing a negative reaction of the western countries. Certainly there is a problem of proliferation of nuclear weapons but we all know very well that Iran is an a signatory of the Nuclear Weapons Limitation treaty and is ready to observe the principles of non-proliferation but I think the western countries are showing their concern with regard to the rapid technological and scientific development of a region that does not depend on them economically and politically.

It is difficult for any country to escape the hegemonic influence of the US. One of these few countries is Russia that demonstrates its independent course in foreign politics and is able to oppose the hegemonic ambitions of the US that set the task of a full and unconditional subjugation of the Islamic world to its geopolitical goals.

We can see this on several instances how the plan to form the so-called Great Middle East is being carried out. This term Geat Middle East basically means redrawing all borders of the Near and the Middle East and Central Asia.

Thus we can say the economic and social development is a handicap for the western politics. Take for example Syria that managed to pursue its own independent strategy and actively develop its technological sector; it has actually reached the state of self-sufficiency in the sector of light industries and thus was not in need of goods imported from the western countries. Using its own resources, the country was gradually developing socially as well. But such development was not suiting certain circles in the West. These circles tried to do anything possible to get in the way of the progress in the countries that pursue their course independently from the West. On the other hand, several countries that pursue their course closely aligned with the US politics, are getting certain benefits. We can observe how much harm this politics did to Egypt. Egypt, a country with a population of hundred millions, was trying to develop its economy: metallurgy and energy sector and other sectors of industry and agriculture. Now due to the changes caused by the Western politics Egypt is sinking in the chaos of feuds, internal confrontations and armed conflicts.  Unfortunately the Egypt of today is an example that demonstrates the impact of the western politics on the countries of the Islamic world. The West should stop its intervention into the internal affairs of the region and let them develop their independent course. I think that in this sense the foreign politics of Russia coincides with the interests of the nations of these countries and the objectives of their social and economic development.

How do you estimate the potential of the Arab-Islamic region in case its countries try to unite in the era of globalization?Would they be allowed to do this at all and is this widely discussed unification actually possible?

No doubt that the efforts of the Arab countries united by the common culture, the language and the religion could be the basis of such a union that could guarantee the development of the Arab world. But as we can see even those regional institutions, including the Arab League itself, that had to contribute to the development of the Arab world, its unity and the elaboration of common political views are losing their power as institutions that could contribute to the Arab unity. The Arab League is becoming an instrument of the US and that results in discord within the Arab League.

Many countries follow the US politics and try to impose their will on others but there are several countries like Algeria, Iraq and Syria who try to resist these attempts. The Arab League is now rapidly losing its political significance, it is no more the institution of the Arab unity but an instrument of the US politics in the region.

Unfortunately the vast investments used by the West for intrusion into the Arab-Islamic countries, considerably weaken the potential of the latter. As for instance, Pakistan is a large Islamic country that is nowadays experiencing internal discord and confrontations; Afghanistan is bleeding from confrontations between various political and religious groups; Iraq is falling into three parts. All of these are the results of the politics that can be summarized by the well-known motto. It is the British divide at tempore politics originating in the beginning of the Early modern period. I think that the weakness of the Arab countries themselves lies at the root of the problem, in spite of the vast financial resources at their disposal. All these funds are in western banks and as we can observe on the example of Cyprus the global bank system is ruled from New York and London and thus does not play any significant positive role for the Arab countries, because their capital that could be their support is in the hands of westerners and neoconservative circles that are not interested in social and economic progress in the Arab countries.

Mr. Matuzov, many westerners say that the unification of the Arab-Islamic world is unacceptable and if it takes place it will change the existing world order. Is it true indeed that the unification of Muslims can be a threat to the global community?

In my opinion it is a far-fetched issue, because the US when ruled by the neoconservative circles, in the times of George Bush and Condoleezza Rice, openly proclaimed the Islamic world the archenemy of USA and its global ambitions after the collapse of the global communism. They continue regarding the Islamic world as an enemy despite that they formally support the Arab countries; in fact the western position is hostile and is aimed against the state structures of the countries of the region and prevention of their consolidation and unification. The West is not interested in strengthening the Arab-Islamic countries. This is what makes up the difference between them and Russia. In my view, Russia can well become an ally of this block, since it is the country that confronts the attempts of the US to impose their global hegemony:  in the Far East and the Pacific Ocean region where Malaysia and Indonesia try to follow their own independent political course, they also encounter the American expansion.  I think this struggle is actually taking place and I wouldn’t take the chance to predict the outcome today. I believe the US will not be able to realize its ambitious plans, because this will contradict the interests of the Arab-Islamic world and of Russia.

Interview byHaji-Murat Rajabov