Untitled Document

 

Five Hundred Ahadith (Translation)

In the Name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful

[ Table of Contents ] [ Introduction ] [ Introduction to hadith ]


TABLE OF CONTENTS

FAITH (IMAN)
MAJOR SINS AND SIGNS OF HYPOCRISY
KNOWLEDGE
SUPPLICATIONS (DUA)
REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAH

THOSE WHO ARE NOT ALLOWED TO BEG
SPENDING
HOARDING
INSOLVENCY AND RESPITE
USURY
MARRIAGE
RIGHTS OF WIVES
DIVORCE
THE OFFICES OF RULER AND QADI (QAZI)

THE CONDUCT OF A QADI (QAZI)
CASES AND DEPOSITIONS
RETALIATION
PRESCRIBED PUNISHMENTS
CARE ABOUT WEAPONS
HOSPITALITY
MANNERS OF EATING
MANNERS OF DRINKING
VISITING THE SICK

SALUTATIONS
STANDING UP
GOODNESS AND THE CEMENTING OF RELATIONSHIP
GUARDING AGAINST SLANDER AND ABUSE

BOASTING AND PARTY-SPIRIT
GENTLENESS MODESTY AND GOOD CHARACTER
TENDERNESS AND MERCY TOWARDS PEOPLE
LOVE FOR THE SAKE OF GOD
CIRCUMSPECTION AND DELIBERATION IN AFFAIRS
THE EXCELLENCE OF THE POOR AND THE PROPHET'S LIVELIHOOD

HOPE AND AVIDITY

HYPOCRISY AND OSTENTATION
ANGER AND PRIDE
TRUST IN GOD AND ENDURANCE
OPPRESSION
MANNERS OF TRAVELLING
THE PROPHET'S (PEACE AND BLESSINGS OF ALLAH BE UPON HIM) CHARACTER
HALAL AND HARAM
SLAUGHTERING

INTOXICANTS
CLOTHING AND ADORNMENT
ETHICS
SAHIH AL-BUKHARI (THE BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE)
MARRIAGE
THE BOOK OF BELIEF (FAITH)
THE SPLITTING OF THE MOON IN TWO PIECES
AL-MIRAJ

WOMEN IN ISLAM

THE PRAYER (SALAT)
ALMSGIVING (ZAKAT)
STATUS OF WOMAN IN ISLAM
THE TRUE QUALITY OF A GOOD WIFE

HOW ESSENTIAL IS HIJAB (VEIL)
WEALTH AND WOMEN ARE A GREAT TRIAL
HUSBAND-WIFE SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP
ACQUISITION OF AND IMPARTING DEENI KNOWLEDGE
TAKING SPECIAL CARE TO FULFIL THE RIGHTS OF MUSLIMS

FASTING
HAJJ
INCOME AND EXPENDITURE

ABSTAINING FROM SIN
RECITING AND TEACHING THE QUR'AN MAJEED

Introduction

Knowledge of ahadith is essential in an effort to understand Islam. They contain rules and regulations, when implemented, would give cause to a better understanding of everyday life. This is applicable, to the individual of a society and also to the society as a whole. The messages within the ahadith are for the benefit of both, individual and society.

Among many missions of the Prophet (peace be upon him), one was to set a pattern of conduct. The conduct of the Last Messenger (peace be upon him) can be found in the voluminous sahihs. We should make an attempt to abide by these rules.

It is unnecessary to mention that research of Islam is beyond the scope of a single individual, a task unattainable in a man's lifetime, not to say, impossible. To narrow my scope, I had decided to restrict myself to ahadith (even this is a large area of study within Islam). I decided on making a small collection of ahadith. This decision resulted in a minor project that essentially consisted of reading diverse Islamic literature and reading different aspects of Islam. I could, of course, have bought one of many voluminous compilations of ahadith, but I was convinced that I would learn more by finding and compiling them myself and indeed it has been a most fruitful experience. During the compilation, I was becoming aware of the meaning and importance of ahadith and soon realised that others too could benefit from this compilation. With this in mind I was determined to share this collection with my fellow Muslims.

All ahadith in this collection have been, so to say, copied from my
source (NOTE A) .Every hadith is followed by the Arabic source it can be found in (e.g. Bukhari, Muslim) along with the source I have written it from (e.g. Sayings of Muhammad by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). If the reader feels uncertain about a particular hadith she/he can easily trace it to my source.

All the footnotes in the ahadith are not my insertions, but the author's
of my sources. The titles which are given to the ahadith are also titles
found in my source, they too, are not my insertions. The same applies for
brackets ( ( ) or [] ) found within some ahadith. (These comments do not
apply to the titles marked as "Introduction" and "Introduction to Ahadith") The ahadith are all randomly compiled. The ahadith have been written down as I have encountered them in relevant literature.

Since I have used different literature, there have come cases where
two authors use the same title, e.i. "marriage" hence the title
will appear twice. This is not to be regarded as a misprint. There is no
personal preference as to the choice of authors of my sources. I have obtained these books from different libraries and local mosques.

A problem which was encountered was when two authors wrote on the same
subject matter, but from different sahihs, both sahihs had their own wordings but giving the same meaning. I have tried to keep these sort of ahadith to a minimal as I wished to have as many diverse topics as possible. Faith, knowledge, marriage, sex, divorce, rights of wives/husbands and hospitality are a couple of areas covered in this compilation.

I have, to the very best of my abilities, tried to be as careful as
possible when writing from the source, this in order not to endanger the
real meaning of the hadith, nor to give cause to misinterpretations. As
far as spellings are concerned, I have thoroughly checked it. The spellings
of Arabic names and places have been written exactly as I have encountered
them in the source.

One of my sources, "Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen" written by, Mohammad
Ashraf Ali Thanvi, has consistently used the term "Rasulullah"
when addressing Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him). The Arabic term,
"sallallahu alayhi wasallam" has also been used throughout
the book. For the ease of non-Muslim readers, I have replaced the Arabic
"Rasulullah" by "Muhammad" and "sallallahu alayhi wasallam" by "may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him." I have treated similarly the terms "radiallahu `anhu" and "radiallahu anha." They have been replaced by "Allah be pleased with him" and "Allah be pleased with her." I have used the term "peace be upon him" throughout the compilation as most authors have used similar attributes. The same author has also mentioned the narrators' Arabic names for most ahadith, I have done likewise.

Considering the fact that I am a computer science student (August, 1993),
with access to Internet, I thought this would serve as a most remarkable
media for distribution of this collection. It is recommended, to those
readers who have the possibilities, to print out the file and (NOTE
B)
send a copy to the local mosques who might
wish to include this compilation in their library etc. If mosques have
the possibilities to print copies of this collection and have it distributed
among the visitors/guests to the mosques, it would be appreciated. Thus
the collection will not only be restricted to people with network access.
The more people who read it, the more it will benefit and also the one
who passes on the words of the Prophet (peace be upon him) will also be
rewarded by Allah. There is no doubt about this. This compilation is dedicated to the loving memories of my maternal grandfather with whom I spent my first years of a precious life.

Introduction to Ahadith

It goes without saying that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) has
left us with two powerful sources for the improvement of the individual,
the society and for the nations, those are: the Holy Quran and ahadith.
The Quran was revealed to the Last Messenger (peace be upon him) through
the angel Gabriel. The ahadith show us the diversities a single person
can have, and the ways these diversities may be used to produce an optimal
performance, where the performance is exemplary for future generations.
This was one of the main tasks of the Last Messenger (peace be upon him),
to guide humanity on the right path.

Muhammad (peace be upon him) was a son, a husband, a father, an advisor,
a warrior, a leader, a judge and most important of all, he was the Seal
of the Prophets - the last messenger of Allah. A man with such a character
and such a vast field of responsibility is indeed deserving of biographical
study, and through the ages, biographical researches have been carried
out. The collection of ahadith is the result of these researchers. The
study of ahadith is a science itself. To mention some branches within the
study of ahadith, there is the science of Asma'ul Rijal (the science
of study of the life-history of 500,000 narrators), the science of Mustalih al-Hadith (the science of classifying a hadith as authentic or weak), the science of Gharib al-hadith (the study of the linguistic origins of the difficult words used in ahadith). I have mentioned only three different sciences though this list can extend to over 100. This again indicates the immense importance of ahadith and the importance of understanding them.

The main source of ahadith can be found in six sahihs (NOTE C)
These six sahihs are:

Sahih al-Bukhari (d. 256 A.H. = 870 A.D.)
Sahih Muslim (d. 261 A.H. = 875 A.D.)
Sunan Ibn Majah (d. 273 A.H. = 887 A.D.)
Sunan Abu Dawud (d. 275 A.H. = 888 A.D.)
Jami al-Tirmidhi (d. 279 A.H. = 892 A.D.)
Sunan al-Nisai (d. 303 A.H. = 915 A.D.)

A.H. = After Hegira A.D. = Anno Domini

"In preparing their collections, these Traditions obviously used
a critical technique to decide what they would include and what they should
reject. Bukhari, for example, examined 600,000 traditions of which he excepted only 7,397. There purpose was to assemble a body of traditions which would serve as a rule of life for practising Muslims, so their primary interest was in selecting such traditions as would give clear guidance concerning what Muslims belief and practice should be, what things were permissible and approved, and what were not permissible and disapproved."

(Shariah: The Islamic Law. by Abdur Rahman I. Doi:54)

It should be quite evident from the above cited paragraph that the task
of compiling ahadith was by no means simple. Although the most painstaking
techniques had been employed to decide which ahadith should be included
and which should be rejected there were found grounds for classification
of ahadith. The ahadith are therefore classified in the following manner:


  1. Sahih: These are the genuine Traditions so declared after applying all tests.
  2. Hasan: These are the fair Traditions although inferior in the
    matter of authenticity to the Sahih.
  3. Daif: These are the weak traditions which are not so very reliable."
    (Ibid:57).

Before I proceed, I wish to explain the meanings of isnad and
matn as the understanding of these words is considered profitable
for the reader. A hadith consists of two parts. The chain of transmitters
comprises one part while the message within the hadith completes it. The
former is known as isnad while the latter is matn. Continuing
with the classification of ahadith, the daif ahadith are divided
further:


  1. The Mu'allaq Traditions: These are those Traditions in which
    one or two transmitters are omitted in the beginning of the Isnad.

  • The Maqtu Traditions: These are those Traditions which are reported by a Tabi'i, a man of second category after the Prophet.
  • The Munqati Traditions: These are the broken Traditions.
  • The Mursal Traditions: These are the incomplete Traditions in
    the Isnad of which a companion (Sahabi) is omitted, e.g. A Tabi'i says,
    the Prophet said....
  • The Musahhaf Traditions: These are the traditions which have
    a mistake in words or letters of the Isnad or the Matn e.g. Hasan is written
    as Hashan.
  • The Shadh Traditions: These are the traditions with a reliable
    chain of reporters but their meanings are contrary to other similarly attested Traditions narrated by the majority of the contemporary transmitters.
  • The Maudu Traditions: These are the fabricated and untrue Traditions."
  • (Ibid:57).

    I have now presented a very short introduction to the background of
    ahadith. I would most strongly recommend the interested reader to read
    the book "Shariah: The Islamic Law" by Abdur Rahman I. Doi. It
    is a book which I have used extensively and found most interesting and
    informative. The same author has also published a book which is titled
    "Non-Muslims under Shariah", another informative book which I
    would recommend.

    Lastly I would like to thank the people concerned in providing me with
    the facility for distributing this collection. Without their help, time,
    and effort, I am quite certain that this work would not have come to the
    notice of so many people in so many places. May Allah give them peace and
    bless them all. Amen.

    Comments or questions/queries can be forwarded to this email address
    tayyabr@hotmail.com Include the word "HADITHS"
    in the "Subject: " field of your email when using the above mentioned address. Thank you.

    A Muslim and Pakistani student
    Oslo, Norway

    Wa akhiro da`waana unilhamdolillah Rabb-i-il `alaamin.

    Ramadhan 1414
    January 1994.

    =========================================


    FAITH (IMAN)

    1. Islam is based on five things: the testimony that there is no god
    but Allah and that Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)
    is His servant and messenger, the observance of the prayer, the payment
    of Zakat, the pilgrimage, and the fast during Ramadan.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    2. The Muslim is he from whose tongue and hand the Muslims are safe,
    and the Emigrant is he who abandons what God has prohibited.
    (Bukhari).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    3. None of you believes till I am dearer to him than his father, his
    child and all mankind.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad)

    4. He who is not trustworthy has no Faith, and he who does not keep
    his Covenant has no religion.

    (Baihaqi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    5. What is Faith? When your good deed pleases you and your evil deed
    grieves you, you are a believer. What is Sin? When a thing disturbs (the
    peace of) your heart, give it up.
    (Ahmad).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).


    MAJOR SINS AND SIGNS OF HYPOCRISY

    6. The major sins are associating other objects of worship with God,
    disobedience to parents, murder, and deliberate perjury.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    7. There are three signs of a hypocrite: when he speaks he speaks lies,
    when he makes a promise he breaks it, and when he is trusted he betrays
    his trust.
    (Bukhari).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    8. Avoid the seven noxious things.(1) Associating anything with God,
    (2) magic,(3) killing one whom God has declared inviolate without a just
    cause, (4) devouring usury, (5) consuming the property of an orphan, running
    back from the battlefield and, (7) slandering chaste women who are believers
    but indiscreet.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    9. Four characteristics constitute anyone who possesses them a sheer
    hypocrite, and anyone who possesses one of them possesses a characteristic
    of hypocrisy till he abandons it: when he is trusted he betrays his trust,
    when he talks he lies, when he makes a covenant he acts treacherously and
    when he quarrels he abuses.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    KNOWLEDGE

    10. When a man dies no further reward is recorded for his actions, with
    three exceptions: Sadqa which continues to be supplied, or knowledge from
    which benefit continues to be reaped, or the prayers of a good son to his
    dead father.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    11. If anyone removes (one of the) anxieties of this world from a believer,
    God will remove (one of the) anxieties from him on the Day of Resurrection;
    if one smoothes the way for one who is destitute, God will smooth the way
    for him in this world and the next; and if anyone conceals the faults of
    a Muslim, God will conceal his faults in this world and the next. God helps
    a man as long as he helps his brother. If anyone pursues a path in search
    of knowledge God will thereby make easy for him a path to paradise.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    12. He who goes out in search of knowledge is in God's path till he
    returns.
    (Tirmidhi, Darimi).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    13. The search of knowledge is an obligation laid on every Muslim.
    (Ibn Majah, Baihaqi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    14. The one who would have the worst position in God's sight on the
    Day of Resurrection would be a learned man who did not profit from his
    learning.
    (Darimi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).


    SUPPLICATIONS (DUA)

    15. A man is granted supplication provided he does not ask for anything
    sinful or for breaking ties of relationship.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    16. You have two characters which God likes; gentleness and deliberation.

    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    17. Nothing but supplication averts the decree, and nothing but righteousness
    increases life.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAH

    18. People will not sit remembering God without the angels surrounding
    them, mercy covering them, peace descending on them.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    19. He who remembers his Lord and he who does not are like the living
    and dead.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    20. Hadhrat Jaabir (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "The distinguishing factor between kufr
    and Imaan is the deliberate neglect of Salaat."
    (Muslim).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    21. He who does a good deed will have ten times the amount of blessings,
    and I [God] shall give more, but he who does an evil deed will have an
    equivalent reward of evil, or I shall grant forgiveness. If anyone draws
    the length of a span near Me, I shall draw the length of a cubit near him,
    and if anyone draws the length of a cubit near Me, I shall draw the length
    of a fathom near him. If anyone comes to Me walking I shall come to him
    at a run, and if anyone meets me with sins of the size of the earth, but
    has not associated anything with Me, I shall meet him a similar amount
    of forgiveness.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    22. Hadhrat Jaabir (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "Salaat is the key to Jannat."
    (Darami).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    23. Hadrhat Abdulah Ibn Qart (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that
    Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "The first act about which one
    will be questioned on the Day of Qiyammah will be Salaat. If Salaat is
    found to be proper, other acts will pass as proper. But, if Salaat is found
    there to be despoiled, then all other acts too will fail."
    (Tibrani, Ausat).

    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    24. Hadhrat Hanzalah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that he heard
    Muhammad say: "Whoever guards the five Salaat while believing that
    the Salaat is the Right of Allah, will enter Jannat."
    (Ahmad).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    25. Hadhrat Bareedah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "The subject of pledge which exists between
    the people and us (the Ambiyaa) is Salaat. Thus, whoever neglects Salaat
    has become a kaafir (i.e. in terms of practical life, not in terms of Imaan)."
    (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Nisai, Ibn Majah).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    26. A time will come to mankind when man will not care whether what he
    gets comes from a lawful or an unlawful source.
    (Bukhari).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    27. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "Will there remain any impurity on a person
    who baths five times a day in a river flowing in front of his house?"
    The people said: "No impurity will remain on him." Muhammad (peace
    be upon him) said: "This is the effect of the five Salaat. By means
    of it, Allah Ta'ala purifies the performer of all sins."
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    28. Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan Bin Amr Bin Al-A's (Allah be pleased with him)
    narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Salaat on the Day
    of Qiyaamah, will be a light, a proof and a means of salvation for the
    one who guarded it. He who neglects Salaat, will have no light, no proof
    and no salvation (from the direction of Salaat) He (the one who neglects
    Salaat) will be in the company of Qaroon, Fir'oun, Haamaan and Ubay Ibn
    Khalf on the Day of Qiyaamah."

    (Ahmad, Darami, Baihaqi, Shu'bul Imaan).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    29. No body which has been nourished with what is unlawful will enter
    paradise.
    (Baihaqi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    30. Flesh which has grown out of what is unlawful will not enter paradise,
    but hell is more fitting for all flesh which has grown out of what is unlawful.
    (Ahmad, Darimi, Baihaqi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    31. The truthful and trusty merchant is associated with the prophets,
    the upright and the martyrs.
    (Tirmidhi, Darimi, Daraqutni).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    32. If anyone buys a garment for ten dirhams among which one is unlawfully
    acquired, God most high will not accept prayer from him as long as he wears
    it.
    (Bukhari).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).


    THOSE WHO ARE NOT ALLOWED TO BEG

    33. He who begs the property of others to increase his own is asking
    only for live coals, so let him ask little as much.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    34. It is better for one of you to take a rope, bring a load of firewood
    on his back, and sell it, God thereby preserving his self respect, than
    that he should beg from people whether they give him anything or refuse
    him.

    (Bukhari).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    35. If anyone guarantees me that he will not beg from people, I will
    guarantee him paradise.
    (Abu Dawud, Nasa'i).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).


    SPENDING

    36. If you spend (to help others), O son of Adam! I [God] shall spend
    on you.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    37. It is better for a man to give a dirham as Sadqa during his lifetime
    than to give a hundred at the time of his death.
    (Abu Dawud).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    38. Do not consider any act of kindness insignificant, even meeting your
    brother with a cheerful face.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    39. Sadqa given to a poor man is just Sadqa, but when given to a relative
    it serves a double purpose, being both Sadqa and a connecting link.
    (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Nasai, Ibn Majah, Darimi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).


    HOARDING

    40. If anyone keeps goods till the price rises, he is a sinner.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    41. He who brings goods for sale is blessed with good fortune, but he
    who keeps them till the price rises is accursed.
    (Ibn Majah, Darimi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    42. If anyone withholds grain for forty days thereby desiring a high
    price, has renounced God and God has renounced him.
    (Razin).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    43. The man who withholds goods is evil. If God lowers prices he is grieved,
    and if He raises then he is happy. (Baihaqi).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).


    INSOLVENCY AND RESPITE

    44. He who grants a respite to one who is in straightened circumstances
    or who remits his debt, will be saved by God from the anxieties of the
    Day of Resurrection.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    45. If anyone accepts others belongings meaning to pay back, God will
    pay back for him, but if anyone accepts them meaning to squander them,
    God will on that account destroy his property.
    (Bukhari).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    46. Every fault but a debt will be forgiven to a martyr.

    (Bukhari).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    47. A believer's soul is attached to his debt till it is paid.
    (Shafi'i, Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Darimi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).


    USURY

    48. Gold is to be paid by gold, silver by silver, wheat by wheat, barley
    by barley, dates by dates and salt by salt, like for like, payment being
    made on the spot. If anyone gives more or asks for more, he has dealt in
    usury. The receiver and the giver are equally guilty.
    (Muslim).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    49. A time is coming to mankind when only the receiver of usury will
    remain and if he does not receive it, some of its vapour will reach him.
    (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Nasai, Ibn Majah).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    50. A dirham which a man knowingly receives in usury is more serious
    (a crime) than thirty-six acts of fornication.
    (Ahmad, Daraqutni).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    51. When a man makes a loan to another, he must not accept a present.

    (Bukhari).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    52. Even though usury be much it leads in the end to penury.

    (Ibn Majah, Baihaqi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).


    MARRIAGE

    53. Young men, those of you who can support a wife should marry, for
    it keeps you from looking at strange women and preserves you from immorality,
    but those who cannot, should devote themselves to fasting, for it is a
    means of suppressing sexual desire.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    54. The whole world is to be enjoyed, but the best thing in the world
    is a pious woman.
    (Muslim).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    55. When a man marries, he has fulfilled half of the religion, so let
    him fear Go regarding the remaining half.
    (Bukhari).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    56. After fear of God, a believer gains nothing better for him than a
    good wife who obeys him if he gives her a command, pleases him if he looks
    at her, is true to him if he adjures her to do something, and is sincere
    towards him regarding her person and his property if he is absent.
    (Ibn Majah.)
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    RIGHTS OF WIVES

    57. When a woman observes the five time of prayers, fasts during Ramadan,
    preserves her chastity, and obeys her husband, she may enter by any of
    the gates of paradise she wishes.

    (Abu Nu'aim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    58. A believer must not hate his wife, and if he is displeased with one
    bad quality in her, then let him be pleased with one that is good in her.
    (Muslim).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam by. Imran Muhammad).

    59. Among the believers who show most perfect faith are those who have
    best disposition and are kindest to their families.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    DIVORCE

    60. If any woman asks her husband for divorce without some strong reason,
    the odour of paradise will be forbidden for her.
    (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, Darimi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    61. The lawful thing God hates most is divorce.
    (Abu Dawud).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    62. God has created nothing on the face of the earth more dearer to Him
    than emancipation, and God has created nothing on the face of the earth
    more hateful to Him than divorce.
    (Daraqutni).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    THE OFFICES OF RULER AND QADI (QAZI)

    63. The one who will be dearest to God and nearest to Him in the station
    on the Day of Resurrection will be a just imam and the one who will be
    most hateful to God on the Day of Resurrection, and will receive the severest
    punishment will be a tyrannical imam.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    64. A creature is not to be obeyed when it involves disobedience to the
    Creator.
    (Sharra-as-Sunna).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    65. Do not ask for any high office, for if you are given it after asking,
    you will be left to discharge it yourself; if you are given it without
    asking you will be helped to discharge it.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    66. He who has been ruler over ten people, will be brought in the Day
    of Resurrection, shackled till justice loosens his chains or tyranny brings
    him to destruction.

    (Darimi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    67. The most excellent jihad is when one speaks a true word in the presence
    of a tyrannical ruler.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    68. As you will be so will you have rulers put over you.
    (Baihaqi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    THE CONDUCT OF A QADI (QAZI)

    69. No judge must give judgement between two people when he is angry.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    70. If anyone who seeks the office of Qadi among Muslims till he gets
    it and his justice prevails over tyranny, will go to paradise; but the
    man whose tyranny prevails over justice will go to hell.
    (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    71. God is with the Qadi as long as he is not tyrannical, but when he
    is tyrannical, He departs from him and the devil attaches himself to him.
    (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    CASES AND DEPOSITIONS

    72. If anyone swears a firm oath, acting wickedly thereby, and appropriates
    by it property belonging to a Muslim, God will be very angry when he meets
    Him on the Day of Resurrection.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad)

    73. The man who is most hateful to God is the one who quarrels and
    disputes most. (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    74. If anyone claims what is not his, he does not belong to us, and let
    him come to his seat in hell. (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).


    RETALIATION

    75. A believer will continue to find ample scope in his religion as long
    as he does not kill anyone unlawfully. (Bukhari).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    76. Shedding of blood will be the first matter about which judgement
    will be given on the Day of Resurrection.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    77. If anyone kills a man who had made a covenant (anyone who belongs
    to a Non-Muslim community with whom a treaty of peace has been made, or
    a member of protected communities) will not experience the fragrance of
    paradise.
    (Bukhari).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    78. God may forgive every sin, except in the case of one who dies a polytheist, or one who purposely kills a believer.
    (Abu Dawud, Nasai).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    79. The passing away of the world would mean less to God than the murder
    of a Muslim man.
    (Tirmidhi, Nasai).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    80. He who throws himself from a mountain and kills himself will be thrown down in the fire of hell and remain in it for ever and ever; he who sips poison and kills himself will have his poison in his hand will sip it for ever and ever in the fire of hell.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    PRESCRIBED PUNISHMENTS

    81. An unmarried man who commits fornication, should receive hundred
    lashes and be banished for a year.

    (Bukhari).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    82. If you find anyone doing as Lot's people did, kill the one who does
    it and the one to whom it is done.
    (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    83. Fornication will not appear among any people without their being
    punished by famine, and bribery will not appear among any people without
    their being punished by terror.
    (Ahmad).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    84. God Who is glorious will not look at a man who has intercourse with
    a man or a woman through the anus.
    (Tirmidhi).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    CARE ABOUT WEAPONS

    85. None of you must point a weapon at his brother for he does not know
    whether the devil may draw it out while it is in his hand as a result of
    which he will fall into a pit of hell.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    86. If anyone points a piece of iron at his brother, the angels curse
    him till he puts it down, even if he is his brother who has the same father
    and mother.
    (Bukhari).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    87. I [Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)] forbade that
    a sword which has been drawn should be handed to anyone.

    (Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).


    HOSPITALITY

    88. He who believes in God and the Last Day should honour his guest;
    he who believes in God and the Last Day should not annoy his neighbours;
    and he who believes in God and the Last Day should say what is good or
    keep silent.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    89. It is part of the Sunna that a man should accompany his guest to
    the door of the house.
    (Ibn Majah, Baihaqi).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    90. He who believes in God and the Last Day should honour his guest.
    Provisions for the road are what will serve for a day and night; hospitality
    extends for three days; what goes beyond that is Sadqa; and it is not allowable
    that a guest should stay till he makes himself encumbrance.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    91. Eat together and not separately, for the blessings is associated
    with the company.
    (Ibn Majah).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    MANNERS OF EATING

    92. Mention God's name, eat with your right hand and eat from what is
    next to you.

    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    93. When any of you eats, he should eat with his right hand and when
    he drinks he should drink with his right hand.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    94. I do not eat reclining.
    (Bukhari).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    95. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) never expressed
    disapproval of food; if he desired it he ate it and if he disliked it he
    left it alone.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    MANNERS OF DRINKING

    96. God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to
    breathe three times in the course of a drink.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    97. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) forbade that
    a man should drink standing.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    98. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) forbade breathing
    or blowing into a vessel.

    (Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    99. Do not leave a fire burning in your houses while you are asleep.

    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    VISITING THE SICK

    100. Feed the hungry, visit the sick and free the captive.
    (Bukhari).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    101. When you visit an invalid tell him to make a supplication for you,
    for his supplication is like of the angels.
    (Ibn Majah).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    102. A Muslim has five duties towards another Muslim; to return a salutation,
    visit the sick, follow funerals, accept an invitation and say 'God have
    mercy on you' when one sneezes.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    SALUTATIONS

    103. There are six good qualities which one believer should display to
    another; he should visit him when he is ill, be present when he dies, accept
    his invitation when he gives one, salute him when he meets him, say 'God
    have mercy on you' when he sneezes and act sincerely towards him whether
    he is absent or present.
    (Nasai).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    104. One who is riding should salute one who is walking, one who is walking
    should salute one who is sitting and a small company should salute a large
    one.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    105. The God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) passed
    a mixed company of Muslims, polytheists who worshipped idols and Jews and
    he gave them a salutation.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    106. Those who are nearest to God are they who are first to give a salutation.
    (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    107. When you go into your family, sonny, give a salutation. It will
    be a blessing both to you and to your family.

    (Tirmidhi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    STANDING UP

    108. A man must not make another get up from his place and then occupy
    it himself, but you should spread out and make room.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    109. If anyone gets up from where he has been sitting and comes back,
    he has no right to it.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    110. It is not allowable for a man to come in between two people without
    their permission.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    GOODNESS AND THE CEMENTING OF RELATIONSHIP

    111. One who cuts ties of relationship will not enter paradise.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    112. The Lord's good pleasure results from a father's good pleasure,
    and the Lord's displeasure results from the father's displeasure.
    (Tirmidhi).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    113. "Messenger of God, who is most deserving of friendly care from
    me?" He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) replied, "Your
    mother." He asked who came next, and He (peace and blessings of Allah
    be upon him) replied, "Your mother." He asked who came next and
    He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) replied, "Your mother."
    He asked who came next and He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)
    replied, "Your father."
    (Bukhari, Muslim).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    114. "What rights can parents demand from their children?"
    He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) replied, "They are your
    paradise and your hell."
    (Ibn Majah).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    115. By Him in Whose hand my soul is, a man does not believe till he
    likes for his brother what he likes for himself.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    116. Those who are merciful have mercy shown them by the Compassionate
    One, if you show mercy to those who are in the earth, He Who is in heaven
    will show mercy to you.

    (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    117. A Muslim is a Muslim's brother; he does not wrong him or abandon
    him. If anyone cares for his brother's need, God will care for his need;
    if anyone removes his brother's anxiety, God will remove from him one of
    the anxieties of the Day of Resurrection; and if anyone conceals a Muslim's
    secret, God will conceal his secret on the Day of Resurrection.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    118. He does not belong to us who does not show mercy to our young ones
    and respect to our old ones, who does not recommend what is reputable and
    prohibit what is disreputable.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    119. The best house among the Muslims is the one which contains an orphan
    who is well treated, and the worst house among the Muslims is the one which
    contains an orphan who is badly treated.
    (Ibn Majah).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    120. The believer is not the one who eats his fill when the neighbour
    beside him is hungry.
    (Baihaqi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    121. All creatures are God's children, and those dearest to God are the
    ones who treat His children kindly.
    (Baihaqi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    122. Touch an orphan's head and feed the poor.
    (Ahmad).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad)

    GUARDING AGAINST SLANDER AND ABUSE

    123. If anyone guarantees me what is between his jaws and what is between
    his legs (i.e. he should not commit fornication), I shall guarantee him
    paradise.
    (Bukhari).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    124. Reviling a Muslim is disobedience to God, and fighting with him
    is infidelity.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    125. It is not fitting for an eminently truthful man to be a reviler.

    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad)

    126. A mischief maker will not enter paradise.

    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahma

    127. Adhere to truth, for truth leads to good deeds and good deeds leads
    him who does them to paradise. Falsehood is wickedness and wickedness leads
    to hell.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad

    128. The great liar is not the one who puts things right between people,
    says what is good, and promotes what is good.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    129. Woe to him who tells things, speaking falsely, to make people laugh
    thereby! Woe to him! Woe to him!
    (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Darimi).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    130. Do you know the thing which most commonly brings people into paradise?
    It is fear to God and good character. Do you know what most commonly brings
    people to hell? It is the hollow things; the mouth and the private parts.
    (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    131. Sufyan bin Abdullah ath Thaqafi told when he asked God's messenger
    what he feared most for him, he took hold of his tongue and said, "This."
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    132. None of my companions must tell me anything about anyone, for I
    like to come out to you with no ill-feelings.
    (Abu-Dawud).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    133. Coarse talk does not come into anything without disgracing it, and
    modesty does not come into anything without adorning it.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    134. If you guarantee me six things on your part, I shall guarantee you
    paradise: speak the truth when you talk, keep a promise when you make it,
    when you are trusted with something fulfil your trust, avoid sexual immorality,
    lower your eyes and restrain your hand from injustice.
    (Baihaqi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    BOASTING AND PARTY-SPIRIT

    135. The one who is most honourable in God's estimation is the pious.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    136. Do not eulogize me as the Christians eulogized the son of Mary,
    I am just His servant, so say, 'God's servant and His messenger.'
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    137. God has revealed to me that you must be humble, so that no one boasts
    over another, or oppresses another.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    138. Wathila b. al-Asqa told that he asked God's messenger what party
    spirit was and he replied. "You help your people in wrongdoing.
    (Abu Dawud).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    DISCARDING AND SEVERING OF THE BONDS OF FRIENDSHIP

    139. It is not allowable for a man to keep apart from his brother for
    more than three days, the one turning away and the one turning away when
    they meet. The better of the two is the one who is first to give a greeting.

    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    140. Avoid envy, for envy devours good deeds just as fire devours fuel.
    (Abu Dawud).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    141. Accursed is he who harms a believer, or acts deceitfully towards
    him.
    (Tirmidhi).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    142. To harbour good thoughts (about a brother) is a part of well-conducted worship.
    (Ahmad).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    GENTLENESS MODESTY AND GOOD CHARACTER

    143. He who is deprived of gentleness is deprived of good.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    144. Righteousness is good character, and sin is that which revolves
    in your heart and which you do not want people to know.

    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    145. I have been sent to perfect good character.
    (Muwatta, Ahmad).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    146. Among the best of you [are they] who have the best character.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    147. Modesty is part of faith and faith is in paradise, but obscenity
    is part of hardness of heart and hardness of heart is in hell.
    (Ahmad, Tirmidhi).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    148. O God as Thou hast made my form beautiful so make my character beautiful.
    (Ahmad).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    149. The believers whose faith is most perfect are those who have the
    best character.
    (Abu Dawud, Darimi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    TENDERNESS AND MERCY TOWARDS PEOPLE

    150. God will not show mercy to him who does not show mercy to others.

    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    151. "If anyone cares for two girls till they grow up, he and I
    will come on the Day of Resurrection thus," and he joined fingers.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    152. "I and the one who takes responsibility for an orphan, whether
    his own kin or of others, will be in paradise thus," and he pointed
    his forefinger and the middle finger with a slight space between them.
    (Bukhari).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    153. "Believers are to one another like a building whose parts support one other." He then interlaced his fingers.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    LOVE FOR THE SAKE OF GOD

    154. A good or bad companion is like one who carries musk and one who
    blows the bellow. The one who carries musk may give you some, or you may
    buy some from him, or you may feel a fragrance from him; but the one who
    blows the bellows might burn your clothing, or you may feel a bad smell
    from him.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    CIRCUMSPECTION AND DELIBERATION IN AFFAIRS

    155. A believer is not stung twice from the same hole.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    156. You have two characters which God likes; gentleness and deliberation.

    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    157. For one who does not stumble and no sage who does not have experience.

    (Ahmad, Tirmidhi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    158. Consider how a matter will turn out; than if you think its issue
    will be good carry on with it, but if you fear going astray hold back
    (Sharra-as-Sunna).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    159. A good way of acting, a good manner of conduct and moderation are
    twenty-fifth part of prophecy.
    (Abu Dawud).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    160. When a man tells something and then departs it is trust. (What
    he told should be treated confidential).
    (Muslim).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    THE EXCELLENCE OF THE POOR AND THE PROPHET'S LIVELIHOOD

    161. When one of you looks at someone who is superior to him in property
    and appearance, he should look at someone who is inferior to him.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    162. Seek me among you weak ones, for you are given provision from God,
    God will be satisfied with few good deeds from him.
    (Baihaqi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    163. God loves His poor, believing servant who refrains from begging
    and yet has children. (Ibn Majah).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    164. O God, grant me life as a poor man, cause me to die as a poor man,
    and resurrect me in the company of the poor.
    (Tirmidhi, Baihaqi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    165. Abu Dharr said: My friend ordered me to observe seven things. He
    ordered me to love the poor and be near them; he ordered me to consider
    my inferior and not consider my superior; he ordered me to join ties of
    relationship even when relatives are at a distance; he ordered me not to
    ask anyone for anything; he ordered me to speak the truth even when it
    is bitter; he ordered me not to fear for God's sake reproach anyone may
    cast on me; and he ordered me to repeat often, "There is no might
    and no power except in God," for these words are a part of the treasure
    under the throne.
    (Ahmad).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    HOPE AND AVIDITY

    166. The son of Adam becomes decrepit, but two things remain young in
    him: avidity for property and avidity for life.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    167. " The first thing which effects the well-being of this people is firm belief and asceticism, and the first thing which affects its corruption is niggardliness and (useless) hope. (Baihaqi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    168. God loves the pious rich man who is inconspicuous.
    (Muslim).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    HYPOCRISY AND OSTENTATION

    169. God does not look at your forms and possessions, but He looks at
    your hearts and your deeds.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    170. When a man prays publicly in a good manner and prays secretly in
    a good manner, God most high says, "This is My servant indeed."
    (Ibn Majah).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    ANGER AND PRIDE

    171. The strong man is not the good wrestler; the strong man is only
    the one who controls himself when he is angry.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    172. He is a bad man who is proud and puts on airs and forgets the Most
    Great and Sublime One.
    (Tirmidhi, Baihaqi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    173. He who has in his heart as much faith as a grain of mustard seed
    will not enter hell, and he who has in his heart as much pride as a grain
    of mustard seed will not enter paradise.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    174. When one of you becomes angry while standing, he should sit down.
    If the anger leaves him, well and good; otherwise he should lie down.

    (Ahmad, Tirmidhi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    175. Abu Huraira reported God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah
    be upon him) as telling that Moses' son Imran said, "My Lord, who
    is the greatest of Thy servant in Thy estimation?" and received the
    reply, "The one who forgives when he is in a position of power.
    (Baihaqi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    TRUST IN GOD AND ENDURANCE

    176. Seventy thousand of my people will enter paradise without being
    taken to account. They are those who do not use spells or take omens, but
    put their trust in their Lord.

    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    177. The strong believer is better and dearer to God than the weaker
    believer. In all that is good be eager for what benefits you, seek help
    in God, and be not too weak to do so.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    178. Abu Dharr reported God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah
    be upon him) as saying he knew a verse which would suffice men if they
    would but apply it, "For him who fears God He will appoint a way out
    and He will give him provision from an unimagined source.
    (Ahmad, Ibn Majah, Darimi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    179. Young man, if you are mindful about God He will be mindful of you,
    and if you are mindful of God you will find Him before you. When you ask
    for anything ask it from God, and if you seek help seek in God. Know that
    if the people were to unite to do you some benefit they could benefit you
    only with what God had recorded for you and that if they were to unite
    to do you some injury they could injure you only with what God had recorded
    for you. The pens are withdrawn and the pages are dry.
    (Ahmad, Tirmidhi).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    OPPRESSION

    180. God grants a respite to the oppressor, but when He finally seizes
    him, He will not let him escape.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    181. Beware of the plea of the oppressed, for he asks God most high only
    for his due, and God does not keep one who has a right from receiving what
    is due.
    (Baihaqi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    182. If anyone walks with an oppressor to strengthen, knowing that he
    is an oppressor, he has gone forth from Islam.

    (Baihaqi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    183. Do not be a people without a will of your own saying: If others
    treat well you will also treat well and if they do wrong we will do wrong;
    but accustom yourselves to do good if people do good and do not do wrong
    if they do evil.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    184. Oppression will produce excessive darkness on the Day of Resurrection.

    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    185. He who has done a wrong affecting his brother's honour, or anything
    else, must ask for his forgiveness for it now before he will have neither
    dinar or dirham. If he has any good deed to his credit it would be out
    of his credit that the measure of his wrongdoing would be deducted, but
    if he has done no good deeds it will be taken from the other's evil deeds
    and laid upon him.
    (Bukhari).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    MANNERS OF TRAVELLING

    186. If people knew what I know about the dangers of being alone, no
    rider would travel alone at night.
    (Bukhari).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    187. God's messenger, Muhammad, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon
    him) did not come to his family during the night, but was accustomed to
    enter only in the morning or in the evening.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    188. God's messenger, Muhammad, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon
    him) used to arrive from a journey only in the daytime during the forenoon,
    and that when he arrived he went first to the mosque where he prayed two
    Raka's, after which he sat in it and gave audience to the people.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    189. God's messenger, Muhammad, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon
    him) used to keep to the rear when travelling and urge on the weak. He
    would take some up behind him and would make supplication for them all.
    (Abu Dawud).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    190. The Lord of the people on a journey is their servant, (NOTE 1)
    and he who precedes them in service will not be preceded by them on account of any deed but martyrdom.
    (Baihaqi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    THE PROPHET'S (PEACE AND BLESSINGS OF ALLAH BE UPON HIM) CHARACTER

    191. Anas said: I served the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be
    upon him) for ten years and he never said to me, "Shame!" or
    "Why you do such and such?" or "Why did you not do such
    and such."
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    192. Jabir said that when God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah
    be upon him) was asked for anything, he never said, "No."
    (Bukhari, Muslim).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    193. A'isha said: God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon
    him) used to patch his sandals, sew his garments and conduct himself as
    anyone of you did in his house. (Tirmidhi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    194. Anas told that when a man had asked the Prophet (peace and blessings
    of Allah be upon him) for enough sheep to fill the valley between two mountains and had been given them, went to his people and said, "Accept Islam, my people, for I swear By God that Muhammad gives gifts to such an extent that there is no fear of poverty.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    195. Anas said: God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon
    him) was one of the men in character. One day he sent me to do something,
    and I said, "I swear by God that I will not go." But in my heart
    I felt I should go to do what God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah
    be upon him) has commanded me, so I went out and came upon some boys who
    were playing in the street. All of a sudden God's messenger (peace and
    blessings of Allah be upon him) who had come up behind caught me by the
    back of the neck, and when I looked at him he was laughing. He said, "Did you go where I ordered you, little Anas?" "Yes, I am on my way, messenger of God." (Muslim).

    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    196. Abu Huraira told that when God's messenger (peace and blessings
    of Allah be upon him) was asked to invoke curse on the polytheists he replied, "I was not sent as one given to cursing; I was sent only as a mercy."
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    197. Al-Aswad told that he asked A'isha what the Prophet (peace and
    blessings of Allah be upon him) use to do in his house, she replied that
    he used to engage himself in Mihna i.e. the service of his family, and
    when the time for prayer came, he went out to prayer.
    (Bukhari).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    198. Jabir b. Samura said God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah
    be upon him) was far from talkative. (He spoke only when he had a good
    reason for doing so).
    (Sharra-as-Sunna).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    199. If anyone of you sees something objectionable, he should change
    it with his hand, but if he cannot, he should change it with his tongue,
    and if he cannot he should do it in his heart, that being the weakest form
    of faith.
    (Muslim).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    200. Anas told that when God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah
    be upon him) shook hands with a man, he did not withdraw his hand till
    the other did so, and he was not seen to put forward his knees in front
    of one with whom he was sitting.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    201. Hind, son of Khadija from her former husband, says about the Prophet
    (peace be upon him): "Kind of heart, he was nice and sweet-tempered.
    He never liked to displease or cause offence to anybody. He thanked even
    for trifling favours. He took whatever food was placed before him, without
    making any adverse remark. He never got angry for anything concerning his
    own person, nor did he think of taking revenge or letting down anybody,
    but if anyone opposed what was just and right, he used to get sore and
    helped the right cause with all his might.

    (Tirmidhi).
    (Muhammad The Ideal Prophet. by Sayyid Suliman Nadwi).

    202. Abdullah b. al-Harith b. Jaz said he had not seen no one more given
    to smiling than God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).

    (Tirmidhi).
    (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad).

    203. Verily the creation of each one of you is brought together in his
    mother's belly for forty days in the form of a seed, then he is a clot
    of blood for a like period, then a morsel of flesh for a like period, then
    there is sent to him the angel who blows the breath of life into him and
    who is commanded about four matters (NOTE 2)
    to write down his means of livelihood, his
    life span, his actions, and whether happy or unhappy. By Allah, other than
    Whom there is no god, verily one of you behaves like the people of Paradise
    until there is but an arm's length between him and it, and that which has
    been written overtakes him and so he behaves like the people of Hell-fire
    and thus enters it; and one of you behaves like the people of Hell-fire
    until there is but an arm's length between him and it, and that which has
    been written overtakes him and so he behaves like the people of Paradise
    and thus enters it.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    204. Actions are but by intention and every man shall have but that which
    he intended. Thus he whose migration (NOTE
    3)
    was for Allah and His Messenger, and he
    whose migration was to achieve some worldly benefit or to take some woman
    in marriage was for that he for which he migrated.
    (Bukhari).

    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    205. He who innovates something in which this matter of ours that is
    not of it will have it rejected.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    206. He who does an act which our matter is not [in agreement] with,
    will have it rejected.
    (Muslim).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    207. None of you [truly] believes until
    he wishes for his brother what he wishes for himself.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    208. There should be neither harming nor reciprocating harm.

    (Ibn Majah and Daraqutni).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    209. Hazrat Umar (Allah be pleased with him) said: One day while we were
    sitting with the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) there appeared
    before us a man whose clothes were exceedingly white and whose hair was
    exceedingly black; no signs of journeying were to be seen on him and none
    of us knew him. He walked and sat down by the Prophet (peace be upon him).
    Resting his knees against his and placing the palm of his hands on his
    thigh, he said: O Muhammad, tell me about Islam. The Messenger of Allah
    (peace be upon him) said: Islam is to testify that there is no god but
    Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, to perform the prayers, to
    pay the zakat (NOTE 4) ,
    to fast in Ramadan, and to make the pilgrimage to the House (NOTE
    5)
    if you are able to do so. He said: You
    have spoken rightly, and we were amazed at him asking him and saying that
    he had spoken right. He said: Then tell me about iman (NOTE
    6)
    . The Prophet (may the blessings and peace
    of Allah be upon him ) said: It is to believe in Allah, His angels, His
    books, His messengers and the Last Day, and to believe in divine destiny,
    both the good and evil thereof. He said: You have spoken rightly. He said:
    Then tell me about ihsan (NOTE 7) ,

    The Prophet (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him ) said: It
    is to worship Allah as though you are seeing Him, and while you see Him
    not yet truly He sees you. He said then tell me about the Hour (NOTE
    8)
    , The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
    The one questioned about it knows no better than the questioner. He said:
    Tell me about its signs. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The slave-girl
    will give birth to her mistress (NOTE 9) and
    that you will see the barefooted naked, destitute herdsmen competing in
    constructing lofty buildings. Then he took himself off and I stayed for
    a time. Then the Prophet (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon)
    said: O Umar, do you know who the questioner was? I said: Allah and hid
    Messenger know best. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: It was Gabriel,
    who came to you to teach you your religion.
    (Muslim).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    210. That which is lawful is plain and that which is unlawful is plain
    and between the two if them are doubtful matters about which not many people
    know. Thus he who avoids doubtful matters clears himself in regard to his
    religion and his honour, but he who falls into doubtful matters falls into
    that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures around the sanctuary,
    all but grazing therein. Truly every king has a sanctuary, and truly Allah's
    sanctuary is His prohibitions. Truly in the body there is a morsel of flesh
    which, if diseased, all of it is diseased. Truly it is the heart.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    211. What I have forbidden to you, avoid; what I have ordered you [to
    do], do as much of it as you can. It was only their excessive questioning
    and their disagreeing with their Prophets that destroyed those who were
    before you.

    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    212. Leave that which makes you in doubt for that which does not make
    you doubt.
    (Tirmidhi, Nasai).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    213. Part of someone's being a good Muslim is his leaving alone that
    which does not concern him.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    214. Fear Allah wherever you are, and follow up a bad deed with a good
    deed and it will wipe it out, and behave well towards people.
    (Tirmidhi).

    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    215. Purity is half of faith. Al-hamdu lillah [Praise be to Allah] fills
    the scales, and Subhana 'llah [How far is Allah from every imperfection]
    and Al-hamdu lillah [Praise be to Allah] fill that which is between heaven
    and earth. Prayer is light; charity is a proof; patience is illumination;
    and the Quran is an argument for or against you. Everyone starts his day
    and is a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or bringing about its ruin.
    (Muslim).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    216. I have been ordered to fight (NOTE
    10)
    against people until they testify that
    there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah and
    until he perform the prayers and pay the zakat, and if they do so, they
    will have gained protection from me for their lives (NOTE
    11)
    and property, unless [they do acts that
    are punishable] in accordance with Islam, and their reckoning will be with
    Allah the Almighty.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    217. Verily Allah has prescribed proficiency in all things. Thus, if
    you kill, kill well; and if you slaughter, slaughter well. Let each one
    of you sharpen his blade and let him spare suffering to the animal he slaughters.

    (Muslim).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    218. There should be neither harming nor reciprocating harm.
    (Ibn Majah and Daraqutni).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    219. Allah the Almighty is good and accepts only that which is good.
    Allah has commanded the Messengers, and the Almighty has said: "O
    ye Messengers! Eat of the good things and do right." (NOTE
    12)
    And Allah has said: "O ye who
    believe ! Eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you."
    (NOTE 13) Then
    the Prophet (peace be upon him) mentioned [the case of] a man who, having
    journeyed far, is dishevelled and dusty and who spreads out his hands to
    the sky [saying]: O Lord! O Lord! - while his food is unlawful, his drink
    unlawful, his clothing unlawful, and he is nourished unlawfully, so how
    can he be answered!

    (Muslim).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    220. Among the words people obtained from the First Prophecy (NOTE
    14)
    are: If you feel no shame, then do as
    you wish. (NOTE 15)
    (Bukhari).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    221. None of you [truly] believes until his inclination is in accordance
    with what I ((Muhammad), may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him
    ) have brought.
    (Kitab al-Hujja).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    222. Righteousness is good morality, and wrongdoing is that which wavers
    in your soul and which you dislike people finding out about.

    (Muslim).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    223. Allah the Almighty has laid down religious duties, so do not neglect
    them; He has set boundaries, so do not overstep them; He has prohibited
    some things, so do not violate them; about some things He was silent out
    of compassion for you, not forgetfulness, so seek not after them.
    (Daraqutni)
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    224. Each person's every joint must perform a charity every day they
    comes up: to act justly between two people is a charity; to help a man
    with his mount, lifting him onto it or hoisting up his belongings onto
    it is a charity; a good word is a charity; every step you take to prayers
    (i.e. on your way to the mosque) is a charity and removing a harmful thing
    from the road is a charity.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    225. The blood of a Muslim may not be legally spilt other than in one
    of three [instances]: the married person commits adultery; a life for life;
    and one who forsakes his religion and abandons the community.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).

    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    226. Were people to be given in accordance with their claim, men would
    claim the fortunes and lives (NOTE 16) of
    [other] people, but the onus of proof is on the claimant and the taking
    of an oath is the incumbent upon him who denies.
    (Al-Baihaqi).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    227. Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that
    the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "A man who harms a Muslim and
    deceives him, is accursed."
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    228. Allah has pardoned for me my people for [their] mistakes and [their]
    forgetfulness and for what they have done under duress.
    (Ibn Majah, Baihaqi).

    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    229. Allah has written down the good deeds and the bad ones. Then He
    explained it [by saying that] he who has intended a good deed and has not
    done it, Allah writes it down with Himself as a full good deed, but if
    he intended it and has done it, Allah writes it down with Himself as from
    ten good deeds to seven hundred times, or many times over. But if he has
    intended a bad deed and has not done it, Allah writes it down with Himself
    as a full good deed, but if he has intended it and has done it, Allah writes
    it down as one bad deed.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Forty Hadith translated by Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    230. Do not envy one another; do not inflate prices one to another; do
    not hate one another; do not turn away from one another; and do not undercut
    one another, but be you. O servants of Allah, brothers. A Muslim is the
    brother of a Muslim: he neither oppresses him nor does he fail him, he
    neither lies to him nor does he hold him in contempt. Piety is right here-and
    the Prophet (peace be upon him) pointed to his breast three times. It is
    evil enough for a man to hold his brother Muslim in contempt. The whole
    of a Muslim for another is inviolable: his blood, his property and his
    honour.
    (Muslim).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    231. Some of the Companions (NOTE 17)
    of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said to the Prophet:(peace
    be upon him) O Messenger of Allah, the affluent have made off with the
    rewards: they pray as we pray, they fast as we fast, and they give away
    in charity the superfluity of their wealth. The Prophet (peace be upon
    him) said: Has not Allah made things for you to give away in charity? Truly
    every tasbiha (NOTE 18)

    is a charity every takbira (NOTE 19)
    is a charity, every tahmida (NOTE 20)
    is a charity and every tahlia (NOTE 21)
    is a charity; to enjoin a good action is a charity, to forbid an evil action
    is a charity and in a sexual act each of you there are a charity. They
    said: O Messenger of Allah, when one of us fulfils his sexual desire will
    he have some reward for that? The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Do
    you [not] think that were he to act upon it unlawfully he wold be sinning?
    Likewise, if he has acted upon it lawfully he will have a reward.
    (Muslim).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    232. Allah the Almighty has said: Whosoever shows enmity to a friend
    of Mine, I shall be at war with him. My servant does not draw near to Me
    with anything more loved by Me than the religious duties I have imposed
    upon him, and My servant continues to draw near to Me with supererogatory
    works so that I shall love him. When I love him, I am his hearing with
    which he hears, his seeing with which he sees, his hands with which he
    strikes and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask [something] of
    Me, I would surely give it to him; and were he to ask me for refuge, I
    would surely grant him it.
    (Bukhari).

    (Forty Hadith translated by Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    233. The son of Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both) use to say:
    At evening do not expect [to live till] morning, and at morning do not
    expect [to live till] evening. Take from your health for your illness and
    from your life for your death (NOTE 22).

    (Bukhari).
    (Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    234. A man came to the Prophet (may the blessings and peace of Allah
    be upon him ) and said: O Messenger of Allah, direct me to an act which,
    if I do it, [will cause] Allah to love me and people to love me. The Prophet
    (peace be upon him) said: Renounce the world and Allah will love you, and
    renounce what people possess and people will love you.
    (Ibn Majah).
    (Forty Hadith translated by Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    HALAL AND HARAM

    235. The halal is that which Allah has made lawful in His Book
    and haram is that which He has forbidden, and that concerning which
    He is silent He has permitted as a favour to you.
    (Reported in Al-Hakim, classified as sahih (sound), and quoted by
    al-Bazzar).(Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al halal wal haram fil Islam)
    by. Yusuf Al Qaradawi).

    236. I have been sent with what is straight and easy.
    (Ahmad).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al halal wal haram fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Al Qaradawi).

    237. Allah has prescribed certain obligations for you, so do not neglect
    them; He has defined certain limits, so do not transgress them; He has
    prohibited certain things, so do not do them; and He has kept silent concerning other things out of mercy for you and not because of forgetfulness, so do not ask questions concerning them.
    (Daraqutni).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al-halal wal haram fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Al Qaradawi).

    238. Any innovation in our matter (worship) which is not part of it must
    be rejected.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al-halal wal haram fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Al Qaradawi).

    239. If anyone amasses wealth through haram means and then gives charity
    from it, there is no regard for him and the burden of sins remains.
    (Ibn Khazimah, Ibn Hibban, Hakim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Al Qaradawi).

    240. A group of people will make people's intoxications halal by giving
    it other names.

    (Ahmad).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al halal wal haram fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Al Qaradawi).

    241. A hadith qudsi (NOTE 23):

    They prohibited to people what I had made lawful for I created people upright (hunafah). Then the evil ones came to them and led them astray from their religion and commanded them to associate with Me that for which I had sent down any authority.
    (Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al halal wal haram fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Al Qaradawi).

    242. A time will come when people will devour usury, calling it "trade."

    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al halal wal haram fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Al Qaradawi).

    243. Avoid three abominable acts (that is, the one who does them is cursed by Allah and by the people): defecating in streams, defecating on roadways, and defecating in shaded places.
    (Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah and Hakim, and classified as sahih by Baihaqi).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al halal wal haram fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Al Qaradawi).

    244. Actions will be judged by intentions, and everyone will be recompensed according to what he intended.
    (Bukhari).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al halal wal haram fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Al Qaradawi).

    245. Its water (the sea's) is pure and its dead are halal.
    (Ahmad).

    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    246. By Allah, if Fatimah, the daughter of Muhammad, were to steal, I
    would have her hand cut off.
    (Bukhari).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    247. If a person earns property through haram means and gives charity,
    it will not be accepted (by Allah): if he spends it there will be no blessing on it; and if he leaves it behind (at his death) it will be his provision in the Fire. Indeed Allah Ta'ala does not obliterate one bad deed by another bad deed, but He does cancel out a bad deed by a good deed. An unclean thing does not wipe away another unclean thing.
    (Ahmad).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al halal wal haram fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Al Qaradawi).

    SLAUGHTERING

    248. Allah has ordained kindness (or excellence) in everything. If killing is to be done, do it in the best manner, and when you slaughter, do it in the best manner by first sharpening the knife, and putting the animal
    at ease.

    (Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    249. If someone kills a sparrow for sport, the sparrow will cry out on
    the Day of Judgement, 'O Lord! That person killed me in vain! He did not
    kill me for any useful purpose.
    (Nisai).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    250. Any part cut off a living animal is dead flesh.
    (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Hakim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    251. Whoever kills a sparrow or anything bigger than that without a just
    cause, Allah will hold him accountable on the Day of Judgement. The listeners asked, O Messenger of Allah, what is a just cause? He replied, That he will kill it to eat, not simply to chop off its head and then throw it away.
    (Nisai, Hakim).

    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    252. When you set your dog (for the chase), mention the name of Allah,
    if he catches the game, and you reach it while it is still alive, cuts,
    its throat.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    253. If you send your dog after the game, and it eats part of it, you
    should not eat of it, for the dog has hunted for itself and not for you;
    but if you send the dog and it kills the game without eating it, you can
    eat it, as it has caught it for its master.
    (Ahmad, Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    INTOXICANTS

    254. Every intoxicant is khamr (NOTE
    24)
    and every khamr is haram.

    (Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    255. Khamr is that which befogs the mind.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    256. Of that which intoxicates in a large amount, a small amount is haram.

    (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    257. If a bucketful intoxicates, a sip of it is haram.
    (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).

    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    258. Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day must not sit at a table
    at which khamr is consumed.
    (Ahmad, Tirmidhi ).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    259. If someone stockpiles grapes during harvest time and holds them
    in order to sell to a Jew or Christian or anyone else (even if he be a
    Muslim) who produces khamr, he will be leaping into the Fire with his eyes
    open.
    (Tabarani, Hafiz).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    260. Truly Allah has cursed khamr and has cursed the one who produces
    it, the one for whom it is produced, the one who drinks it, the one who
    serves it, the one who carries it, the one for whom it is carried, the
    one who sells it, the one who earns from the sale of it the one who buys
    it, and the one for whom it is bought.
    (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    261. Allah has sent down the disease and the cure, and for every disease
    there is a cure. So take medicine but do not use anything haram as medicine.

    (Abu Dawud).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    CLOTHING AND ADORNMENT

    262. Cleanse yourself, for Islam is cleanliness.
    (Ibn Hayyan).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    263. Cleanliness invites towards faith, and faith leads its possessor
    to the Garden.
    (Tabarani).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    264. If you can afford it, it is befitting that you wear garments other
    than your working clothes to Friday prayer.
    (Abu Dawud).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    265. Do not wear silk, for those who wear it in this life shall not wear
    it in the Hereafter.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    266. This is the dress [referring to a silken garment] of a man who has
    no character.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    267. On the day of Resurrection, Allah will not look at the person who
    trails his robe behind him out of pride.

    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    268. On the day of Resurrection, Allah will clothe the one who wears
    garments of fame with garments of humiliation.
    (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Nisai, Ibn Majah).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by. better than the questioner. He said: Tell me about its signs. The Prophet
    (peace be upon him) said: The slave-girl will give birth to her mistress
    (NOTE 9) and that you will see the
    barefooted naked, destitute herdsmen competing in constructing lofty buildings.
    Then he took himself off and I stayed for a time. Then the Prophet (may
    the blessings and peace of Allah be upon) said: O Umar, do you know who
    the questioner was? I said: Allah and hid Messenger know best. The Prophet
    (peace be upon him) said: It was Gabriel, who came to you to teach you
    your religion.
    (Muslim).
    (Forty Hadith translated by Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    269. "Anyone who has an atom of pride in his heart will not enter
    the Garden." A man then asked, "What about the one who likes
    to wear a handsome robe and good shoes?" The Prophet (peace be upon
    him) replied, "Surely Allah is beautiful and loves beauty."

    (Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    270. Pride is to reject the truth and to view other people with contempt.
    (Abu Dawud).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    271. Whoever eats or drinks from gold or silver utensils, is indeed filling his stomach with the fire of hell.
    (Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    272. Assuredly the angels do not enter a house in which there are statues
    or figures.
    (Bukhari, Muslim, wording is from Muslim).

    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    273. Among the people receiving the harshest punishment on the Day of
    Resurrection will be the makers of figures/the imitators of Allah's creation.

    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    274. On the Day of Resurrection, the makers of a figure will be asked
    to breathe a spirit into it, and he will never be able to do so.
    (Bukhari and reported in others).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    275. Do not glorify me in the same manner as the Christians glorify Jesus, son of Mary, but say, "He is a slave of Allah and His Messenger.
    (Bukhari and reported in others).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    276. hadith qudsi
    Who does greater wrong than he who desires to create the like of what I
    create? Let them create an atom! Let them create a grain of barley!
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    277. Do not stand up as the Persians do, some people honouring the others.
    (Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    278. Do not make of my grave a site for festivals.
    (Abu Dawud).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    279. O Lord, do not let my grave be made into an idol to be worshipped.

    (Malik).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    280. Charity is halal neither for the rich nor for the able-bodied.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    281. He who begs without need is like a person holding a burning coal
    in his hand.
    (Baihaqi, Ibn Khazimah).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    282. O people, say what you said previously or part of it, and do not
    let Satan mislead you. I am Muhammad, a slave of Allah and His Messenger.
    I do not like your raising my status above the status which Allah, the
    Mighty and Glorious, has given me.

    (Nisai).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    283. Whoever keeps a dog except for hunting, guarding cattle and crops
    will lose one large measure (qirat) of his reward everyday.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    284. A person keeps on begging until he meets Allah (on the Day of Resurrection)
    with no flesh on his face.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    285. Anyone who begs from people in order to increase his wealth will
    have his face scratched on the Day of Resurrection, and will eat burning
    stones from hell; so let him reduce it (his punishment) or let him increase
    it as he pleases.
    (Tirmidhi).

    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    286. Begging is similar to scratching the flesh off your face; so if
    someone wants to save his face he should avoid it, except for asking from
    the ruler or asking in case of dire need.
    (Abu Dawud, Nisai).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    287. It is better that a person should take a rope and bring a bundle
    of wood on his back to sell so that Allah may preserve his honour, than
    that he should beg from people, (regardless of) whether they give to him
    or refuse him.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    288. When a Muslim plants a plant or cultivates a crop, no bird or human
    being eats from it without its being accounted for as a (rewardable) charity
    for him.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    289. When a Muslim plants a plant, anything eaten of it or stolen from
    it, until the Day of Resurrection, is accounted as charity for him.

    (Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    290. If anyone plants a tree, patiently protects it and looks after it
    until it bears fruit, Allah the Mighty and Glorious will count as charity
    for him anything for which its fruits are used.
    (Ahmad).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    291. If you deal in usury, calling it by other names, and hang onto the
    tails of cows, being satisfied with cultivation and ceasing to perform
    jihad, (NOTE 25)
    Allah will inflict a disgrace upon you which will not be removed until
    you return to your religion.
    (Abu Dawud).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    292. Allah did not send a prophet without his having tended sheep. They
    asked, 'You too, O Messenger of Allah? He [Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon
    him)] replied, 'Yes, I tended sheep for wages for the people of Makkah.'

    (Bukhari).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    293. No one earns his food better than the one who worked with his hands,
    and the prophet of Allah, David earned his food by working with his hands.
    (Bukhari and others).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    294. Ibn Abbas said, "David was a maker of coats of mail and shields,
    Adam was a farmer, Noah a carpenter, Idris a tailor, and Moses a shepherd.
    (Hakim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    295. An honest and trustworthy merchant will be with the martyrs on the
    Day of Resurrection.
    (Ibn Majah, Hakim).

    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    296. An honest and trustworthy merchant will be with the prophets, the
    truthful, and the martyrs.
    (Hakim, Tirmidhi).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    297. Merchants will be raised up on the Day of Resurrection as wicked
    people, with the exception of those who fear Allah, do righteous deeds,
    and are truthful.
    (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Ibn Hibban, Hakim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    298. Woe to the rulers, the leaders, and the trustees! On the Day of
    Resurrection some people will wish that they could be suspended between
    heaven and earth rather than having had the burden of their responsibilities.
    (Ibn Hibban, Hakim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    299. Merchants beware of lying.

    (Tabarani).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    300. On the Day of Resurrection Allah will not look at three (kinds of)
    persons nor purify them. One of them is the person who swears (to the truth)
    while lying about his merchandise.
    (Muslim and others).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    301. A dirham of riba (NOTE 26)
    which a person consumes knowingly is worse than committing zina thirty-six
    times.
    (Ahmad).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    302. There are three classes of judges, one of whom will be in the Garden
    and the other two in the Fire. The one who will be in the Garden is a man
    who knew the truth and judged accordingly. The one who knew the truth but
    misjudged and the one who judged for the people in the ignorance will be
    in the Fire.

    (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    303. He who seeks the office of a judge, collecting recommendations,
    is left to himself, but for him who is compelled to accept it, Allah sends
    an angel to guide him.
    (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    304. A person does not reach the rank of the God fearing (muttaqeen)
    until he abandons what is harmless out of fear that it may be harmful.

    (Tirmidhi).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    305. Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day must never be in privacy
    with woman without there being a mahrem (of hers) with her, for otherwise
    Satan will be the third person (with them). (Ahmad). (The Lawful and Prohibited
    in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam) by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    306. Beware of entering where women are. A man from the Ansar asked,
    "O Messenger of Allah, what about the in-laws?". He (peace be
    upon him) replied, The in-laws is death."

    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    307. The man's uncle is like his father.
    (Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    308. The eyes also commit zina, and their zina is the lustful
    look.
    (Bukhari and others).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    309. "Ali, (Ali ibn Abu Talib) do not let a second look follow the
    first. The first look is allowed to you but not the second."
    (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    310. A man should not look at the awrah (NOTE
    27)
    of the another man, nor a woman of a
    woman, nor should a man go under one cloth with another man, nor a woman
    with another woman.
    (Muslim, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    311. At first the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) prohibited people from going to public baths, but later allowed men to enter them wearing a lower garment.

    (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    312. Do not prevent the bond-maids of Allah from (going to) Allah's mosques.
    (Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    313. Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day must not enter the public
    bath without a lower garment (to cover his private parts), and whoever
    believes in Allah and the Last Day must not let his wife go to the public
    bath.
    (Nisai, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    314. "Beware of a building called the Public Bath." Some people
    said, "O Messenger of Allah, it certainly removes dirt and benefits
    the sick." He (peace be upon him) then said, "Then whoever enters
    should cover his nakedness.

    (Hakim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    315. The woman who perfumes herself and passes through a gathering is
    an adulteress.
    (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    316. A woman who removes her clothes (i.e. goes naked) outside her husband's house tears down the veil (hijab) between herself and her Lord.
    (Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, Hakim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    317. Allah has permitted you [the women] to go out for your needs.

    (Bukhari).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    318. If someone's wife asks his permission to go to the mosque, he should
    not deny it to her.
    (Bukhari).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    319. Among lawful things divorce is most hated by Allah.
    (Abu Dawud).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    320. What is haram by reason of genealogy is haram by reason of fosterage.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).

    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    321. Young men, those of you who can support a wife should marry, for
    it keeps you from looking at women (lit., lowers your gaze) and preserves
    your chastity; but those who cannot should fast, for it is a means of cooling sexual passion.
    (Bukhari).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    322. Three matters should not be delayed: salat when its time comes,
    burial when the funeral has arrived, and the marriage of a single woman
    when a man of equal status has proposed.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    323. There are three who have a right to help from Allah: the slave whose
    master has agreed to his buying his freedom when he wishes to pay the sum,
    and the one who fights in the cause of Allah.
    (Ahmad, Nisai, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Hakim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    324. I [Al-Mughira ibn Shu'bah] asked for a woman in marriage and Allah's
    Messenger (peace be upon him) asked me whether I had looked at her. When
    I replied that I had not, he said, "Then look at her, for it may produce love between you." I went to her parents and informed them of the Prophet's advice. They seemed to disapprove of the idea. Their daughter
    heard the conversation from her room and said, "If the Prophet has
    told you to look at me, then look." I looked at her, and subsequently
    married her.

    (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah Ibn Hibban, Darimi).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    325. When someone with whose religion and character you are satisfied
    asks for your daughter in marriage, accede to his request. If you do not
    do so there will be corruption and great evil on the earth.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    326. Anyone who has two wives and does not treat them equally will come
    on the Day of Resurrection dragging one part of his body which will be
    hanging down.
    (Ibn Habban, Hakim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    327. If it were not for the fear of retaliation on the Day of Resurrection, I would have beaten you [his servant] with this miswak (tooth-cleaning stick).
    (Ibn Sa'd).

    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    328. There are three (persons) whose salat does not rise even a single
    span above their heads; a man leading a congregational salat while the
    people hate him, a woman passing the night while her husband is angry with
    her, and two quarrelling brothers.
    (Ibn Majah, Ibn Hibban).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    329. Whoever wants to take an oath should take it in the name of Allah
    or keep silent.
    (Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    330. Anyone who swears by (anything) other than Allah has committed shirk.(NOTE
    28)
    (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Hakim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    331. If any woman asks her husband for a divorce without some strong
    reason, the fragrance of the Garden will be forbidden for her.
    (Abu Dawud).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    332. If someone claims a person as his father with the knowledge that
    he is not his father, the Garden will be forbidden to him.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    333. The one who claims descent from someone other than his (real) father, and the slave who attaches himself to someone other than his (real) master, are cursed by Allah, His angels, and the people, Allah will accept neither repentance nor ransom from such person on the Day of Resurrection.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    334. Wasting the sustenance of his dependents is sufficient sin for a
    man.

    (Abu Dawud, Nisai, Hakim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by Yusuf Qaradawi).

    335. Each one of you is a caretaker (ra'iy) and is responsible for those
    under his care.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by. Yusuf Qaradawi).

    336. Allah will ask every caretaker (ra'iy) about the people under
    his care, and the man will be asked concerning the people of his household.
    (Ahmad, Nisai and Abu Dawud).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by. Yusuf Qaradawi).

    337. The Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked: "What is the greatest
    sin?" He (peace be upon him) replied, "To ascribe divinity to
    someone else other than Allah, when He is the One Who created you."

    What next?" the Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked, "To kill
    your child out of fear that it will share your food," he (peace be
    upon him) replied.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by. Yusuf Qaradawi).

    338. When one of you asks for a woman in marriage, if he is able to look
    at what will induce him to marry her, he should do so.
    (Abu Dawud).
    (The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)
    by. Yusuf Qaradawi).

    339. Hadhrat Ibn Mas'ood (Allah be pleased with him) and Hadhrat Abu
    Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrate the Prophet Muhammad (peace
    be upon him) said: "There will dawn a time over people when the destruction
    of a man will be at the hands of his wife, parents, and children. They
    will humiliate him because of his poverty and will make such demands which
    will induce him to engage in such activities (to gain more money) which
    will finally destroy his Deen."

    (Baihaqi)
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    340. Verily, Allah sent Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon
    him) with truth and He sent down the Book upon him and the verse of stoning
    was included in what was sent down to him. We recited it, retained in our
    memory and understood it. Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah
    be upon him) awarded the punishment of stoning to death (to the married
    adulterer and adulteress) and after him, we also awarded the punishment
    of stoning to death. I am afraid that, with the lapse of time, the people
    (may forget it) and may say: We do not find the punishment of stoning to
    death in the Book of Allah, and thus go astray by abandoning this duty
    prescribed by Allah. Stoning to death is a duty laid down in Allah's Book
    for married men and women who commit adultery when proof is established.
    (Muslim).
    (The Penal Law of Islam by Muhammad Iqbal Siddiqi).

    341. Abdullah b. Umar reported that a Jew and a Jewess were brought to
    Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) who had committed
    adultery. Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)
    came to the Jews and said: What do you find in Torah for one who commits
    adultery? They said: We darken their faces and make them ride on the donkey
    with their faces turned to the opposite direction (and their backs touching
    each other) and then they are taken round (the city). He said: Bring the
    Torah if you are truthful. They brought it and recited it until when they
    came to the verse pertaining to stoning, the person who was reading placed
    his hand on the verse pertaining to stoning, and read (only that which
    was) between his hands and what was subsequent to that. Abdullah b. Salam
    who was at that time with the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of
    Allah be upon him) said: Command him (the reciter) to lift his hand. He
    lifted his hand and there was, underneath that, the verse pertaining to
    stoning. Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) pronounced
    judgement about both of them and they were stoned. Abdullah b. Umar said:
    I was one of those who stoned them, and I saw him (the Jew) protecting
    her (the Jewess with his body).
    (Muslim).
    (The Penal Law of Islam by Muhammad Iqbal Siddiqi).

    342. Allah the Almighty has said: O son Of Adam, so long as you call
    upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and
    I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of
    the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you.
    O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the
    earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would
    bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it (NOTE
    29)

    (Tirmidhi).
    (From: Forty Hadith translated by. Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies).

    ETHICS

    343. The Prophet (peace be upon him) use to say: "The best of you
    are those who have the best morals.
    (Bukhari)
    (A Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    344. Mu'aviyah ibn Jahimah reported, Jahimah came to the Prophet (peace
    be upon him) and said: "O Messenger of Allah! I intend that I should
    enlist in the fighting force and I have come to consult thee. He said "Hast
    thou a mother?" He said, "Yes." He said: "Then stick
    to her, for paradise is beneath her two feet.

    (Nisai).
    (A Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    345. Abu Huraira said, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:
    "The most perfect of the believers in faith is the best of them in
    moral excellence, and the best of you are the kindest of you to their wives.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (A Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    346. Aswad said, I asked A'isha, "What did the Prophet (peace be
    upon him) do when in his house? She said, he served his wife, meaning that
    he did work for his wife.
    (Bukhari).
    (A Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    347. Anas said, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "Help
    thy brother whether he is the doer of wrong or wrong is done to him."

    They (his companions) said, "O Messenger of Allah! We can help a man
    to whom wrong is done, but how could we help him when he is the doer of
    wrong?" He said: "Take hold of his hands from doing wrong."

    (Bukhari).
    Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    348. Anas said reported, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:
    "Do not hate one another and be not jealous of one another and do
    not boycott one another, and be servants of Allah (as) brethren; and it
    is not lawful for a Muslim that he should sever his relations with his
    brother for more than three days."
    (Bukhari).
    (A Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    349. A'isha reported, The Jews came to the Prophet (peace be upon him)
    and said, "Death overtake you! may Allah curse you and may Allah's
    wrath descend on you. He (the Prophet) said: "Gently, O A'isha! Be
    courteous, and keep thyself away from roughness. (Bukhari, Muslim, Mishkat).

    (A Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    350. Ibn Abbas said, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:
    "He is not of us who does not show mercy to our little ones and respect
    to our great ones.
    (Tirmidhi, Mishkat).
    (A Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    SAHIH
    AL-BUKHARI (THE BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE)

    351. Narrated Anas Ibn Masud (Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet
    (peace be upon him) used to take care of us in preaching by selecting a
    suitable time, so that we might not get bored. (He abstained from pestering
    us with sermons and knowledge all the time).
    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    352. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Whomsoever Allah intends to
    do good, He gives right understanding of religion, and knowledge is maintained
    only through teaching."

    (Bukhari).
    (A Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    353. Abu Huraira said, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:
    "The word of wisdom is the lost property of the believer, so wherever
    he finds it he has a better right to it."
    (Tirmidhi).
    (A Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    354. Narrated Abdullah bin Masud (Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet
    (peace be upon him) said, "Do not wish to be like anyone except in
    two cases. (1) (The first is) A person, whom Allah has given wealth and
    he spends it righteously; (2) (the second is) the one whom Allah has given
    wisdom (the Holy Quran) and he acts according to it and teaches it to others."

    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    355. Narrated Abu Wail (Allah be pleased with him): Abdullah used to
    give religious talk to the people on every Thursday. Once a man said, "O
    Aba Abdur-Rahman! (By Allah) I wish if you could preach us daily."

    He replied, "The only thing which prevents me from doing so, is that
    I hate to bore you, and no doubt I take care of you in preaching by selecting
    a suitable time just as the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to do with
    us, for fearing of making us bored."
    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    356. Narrated Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace
    be upon him) said, "(Religious) knowledge will be taken away (by the
    death of religious scholars) ignorance (in religion) and afflictions will
    appear; and Harj will increase." It was asked, "What is Harj
    O Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) ?" He replied by beckoning with
    his hand indicating "killing."

    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    357. Narrated Anas (Allah be pleased with him): Allah's Apostle (peace
    be upon him) said: "From among the potents of the Hour are (the following):


    1. Religious knowledge will be taken away (by the death of religious
      learned men).
    2. (Religious) ignorance will prevail.
    3. Drinking of Alcoholic drinks (will be very common).
    4. There will be prevalence of open illegal
      sexual intercourse.

    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    358. Narrated Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) There is none among
    the companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) who has narrated more
    Hadiths than I except, Abdullah bin Amr (bin Al-As) who used to write them
    and I never did the same.
    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    359. Narrated Anas (Allah be pleased with him): Whenever the Prophet
    (peace be upon him) spoke a sentence (said something), he used to repeat
    it thrice so that the people could understand it properly from him and
    whenever he asked permission to enter, (he knocked the door) thrice with
    greeting.
    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    360. Narrated Abu Musa (Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace
    be upon him) said, "The example of guidance and knowledge with which
    Allah has sent me is like abundant rain falling on the earth, some of which
    was fertile soil that absorbed rain water and brought forth vegetation
    and grass in abundance. (And) another portion of it was hard and held the
    rain water and Allah benefited the people with it and they utilized it
    for drinking, making their animals drink from it and for irrigation of
    the land for cultivation. (And) a portion of it was barren which could
    neither hold the water nor bring forth vegetation (then the land did not
    give any benefits). The first is the example of the person who comprehends
    Allah's religion and gets benefit (from the knowledge) which Allah has
    revealed through me (the Prophet) and learns and then teaches others. The
    last example is that of person who does not care for it and does not take
    Allah's guidance revealed through me (He is like the barren land)."

    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    361. Narrated Anas (Allah be pleased with him): I will narrate to you
    a Hadith and none other than I will tell you about after it. I heard Allah's
    Apostle (peace be upon him) saying:


    1. Religious knowledge will decrease (by the death of religious learned
      men).
    2. (Religious) ignorance will prevail.
    3. There will be prevalence of open illegal sexual intercourse.
    4. Women will increase in number and men will decrease in number so much
      that fifty women will be looked after by one man.

    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    362. Narrated Anas (Allah be pleased with him): The fact which stops
    me from narrating a great number of Hadiths to you is that the Prophet
    (peace be upon him) said: "Whoever tells a lie against me intentionally,
    then (surely) let him occupy his seat in Hell-fire.

    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    363. Narrated Salama (Allah be pleased with him): I heard the Prophet
    (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon) him) saying, "Whoever
    (intentionally) ascribes to me what I have not said then (surely) let him
    occupy his seat in Hell-fire.
    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    364. Narrated Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him): I said: O Allah's
    Apostle (peace be upon him) !, "Who will be the luckiest person, who
    will gain your intercession in the Day of Resurrection?" Allah's Apostle
    (may the blessings and peace of Allah be) upon him) said: O Abu Huraira!
    "I have thought that none will ask me about it before you as I know
    your longing for the (learning of) Hadiths. The luckiest person who will
    have my intercession on the Day of Resurrection will be the one who said
    sincerely from the bottom of his heart "None has the right to be worshipped
    but Allah."

    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    365. Umar bin Abdul Aziz wrote to Abu Bakr bin Hazm, "look for the
    knowledge of Hadith and get it written, as I am afraid that religious knowledge
    will vanish and the religious learned men will pass away (die). Do not
    accept anything save the Hadiths of the Prophet may the blessings and peace
    of Allah be upon him). Circulate knowledge and teach the ignorant, for
    knowledge does not vanish except when it is kept secretly (to oneself).

    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    366. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the
    Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "The fornication of the eyes is
    to look with lust; the fornication of the tongue is to speak lustful things;
    the fornication of the hands is to touch with lust; the fornication of
    the feet is to walk towards lust; the fornication of the heart is to desire
    evil;..."
    (Muslim)
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    367. Narrated Abdullah bin Amr bin Al As (Allah be pleased with him):
    I heard Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) saying: "Allah does not
    take away the knowledge by taking it away from (the hearts of) the people,
    but takes it away by the death of the religious learned men till when none
    of the (religious learned men) remains, people will take as their leaders
    ignorant persons who when consulted will give their verdict without knowledge.
    So they will go astray and will lead people astray."

    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    368. Abu Huraira said, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:
    "People are like mines of silver and gold; the more excellent of them
    in the days of Ignorance are the more excellent of them in Islam when they
    attain knowledge (NOTE 30)

    (Muslim, Mishkat).
    (A Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    369. Narrated Abdullah (Allah be pleased with him): While I was going
    with the Prophet (peace be upon him) through the ruins of Medina and he
    was reclining on a date-palm leaf stalk, some Jews passed by. Some of them
    said to the others; Ask him ( the Prophet (peace be upon him)) about the
    spirit. Some of them said that they should not ask him that question as
    he might give a reply which would displease them. But some of them insisted
    on asking, and so on of them stood up and asked, "O Aba-l-Qasim! What
    is the spirit?" The Prophet (peace be upon him) remained quiet. I
    thought he was being inspired Divinely. So I stayed till that state of
    the Prophet (while being inspired) was over. The Prophet (peace be upon
    him) then said, "And they ask you (O Muhammad (peace be upon him)
    ) concerning the spirit - Say: The spirit - its knowledge is with my Lord.
    And of knowledge you have been given but little." (17:85).

    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    MARRIAGE

    370. Jabir said, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "When
    one of you asksa woman in marriage, then if he is able that he should look
    into what invites him to have her in marriage, he should do it.
    (Abu Dawud).
    (A Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    371. Ibn Abbas said, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) sacrificed
    a ram each in the case of Hassan and Hussain. (Abu Dawud,
    Mishkat).

    (A Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    372. Abu Huraira reported, The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "A
    woman is married on account of four things; on account of her wealth, on
    account of (the nobility) of the family, and her beauty, and on account
    of her character (NOTE 31)

    (Bukhari).
    (A Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    373. Ai'sha said, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "Make
    the marriage publicly known, and perform it in mosques and beat at it with
    duff.(NOTE 32)

    (Tirmidhi, Mishkat).
    (A Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    374. Ibn Umar reported, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:
    "When one of you is invited to a marriage feast, he should go to it.

    (Bukhari).
    (A Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    375. Ali reported, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) forbade
    temporary marriage with women, and the eating of domestic asses, on the
    day of Khaibar. (NOTE 33)

    (Bukhari).
    (A Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    376. Umm Kurz said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon
    him) say: "In the case of a boy, two goats, and in the case of a
    girl, one goat (should be sacrificed). (NOTE 34)

    (Tirmidhi, Mishkat).
    (A Manual of Hadith by. Maulana Muhammad Ali).

    THE
    BOOK OF BELIEF (FAITH)

    377. Narrated Abu Musa (Allah be pleased with him): Some people asked
    Allah's Apostle, (peace be upon him) "Whose Islam is the best? i.e.
    (Who is a very good Muslim)?" He replied, "One who avoids harming
    the Muslims with his tongue and hands."
    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    378. Narrated Anas (Allah be pleased with him), the Prophet (peace be
    upon him) said, "Whoever possesses the following three qualities will
    have the sweetness (delight) of faith: 1.The one to whom Allah and his
    Apostle becomes dearer than anything else. 2.Who loves a person and he
    loves him only for Allah's sake. 3.Who hates to revert to Atheism (disbelief)
    as he hates to be thrown into the fire.
    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    379. Narrated Anas (Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be
    upon him) said, "Love for the Ansar is a sign of faith and hatred
    for the Ansar is a sign of hypocrisy.
    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    380. Narrated Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him): Allah's Apostle
    (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said, "Whoever
    establishes the prayers on the night of Qadr out of sincere faith and hoping
    to attain Allah's rewards (not to show off) then all his past sins will
    be forgiven."
    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    381. Narrated Ibn Abbas: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "I
    was shown the Hell-fire and that the majority of its dwellers were women
    who were ungrateful." It was asked, "Do they disbelieve in Allah?"
    (or are they ungrateful to Allah?) He replied, they are ungrateful to their
    husbands and are ungrateful for the favours and the good (charitable deeds)
    done to them. If you have always been good (benevolent) to one of them
    and then she sees something in you (not of her liking), she will say, 'I
    have never received any good from you.'"
    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    382. Narrated Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him): Allah's Apostle
    (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said, "Whoever
    establishes the prayers during the nights of Ramadan faithfully out of
    sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah's rewards (not for showing off)
    all his past sins will be forgiven."

    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    383. Narrated Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him): Allah's Apostle
    (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said, "Whoever
    observes fasts during the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping
    to attain Allah's rewards, then all his past sins will be forgiven."

    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    384. Narrated Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him): Allah's Apostle
    (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said, "If anyone
    of you improves his religion then his good deeds will be rewarded ten times
    to seven hundred times for each good deed and a bad deed will be recorded
    as it is."
    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    385. Narrated Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace
    be upon him) said: "Religion is very easy and whoever overburdens
    himself in his religion will not be able to continue in that way. So you
    should not be extremists, but try to be near to perfection and receive
    the good tidings that you will be rewarded; and gain strength by worshipping
    in the mornings, afternoons and during the last hours of the nights."

    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    386. Narrated Umar (bin Al-Khattab) (Allah be pleased with him): Allah's
    Apostle (peace be upon him) said, "The reward of deeds depends upon
    the intention and every person will get the reward according to what he
    has intended. So whoever emigrated for Allah and His Apostle (peace be
    upon him) then his emigration was for Allah and his Apostle (peace be upon
    him). And whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry,
    his emigration was what he emigrated for."
    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    387. O my people! You have certain rights over your wives and so have
    your wives over you. They are the trust of Allah in your hands, So you
    must treat them with kindness.
    (Muslim).

    (The Living thoughts of the Prophet Muhammad by. Muhammad Ali).

    388. Narrated Umar bin Al-Khattab (Allah be pleased with him). Once a
    Jew said to me, "O the chief of believers! There is a verse in your
    Holy Book which is read by all of you (Muslims), and had it been revealed
    to us, we would have taken that day (on which it was revealed) as a day
    of celebration." Umar bin Al-Khattab (Allah be pleased with him) asked,
    "Which is that verse?" The Jew replied,

    "This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My
    favour upon you, And have chosen for you Islam as your religion."
    (5:3)

    Umar (Allah be pleased with him) replied, "No doubt, we know when
    and where this verse was revealed to the Prophet (peace be upon him) .
    It was Friday and the Prophet (peace be upon him) was standing at Arafat
    (i.e. the Day of Hajj)."

    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    THE
    SPLITTING OF THE MOON IN TWO PIECES

    389. Narrated Anas bin Malik (Allah be pleased with him): The people
    of Mecca asked Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) to show them a miracle.
    So he showed them the moon split in two halves between which they saw the
    Hira mountain (NOTE 35)

    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol. 5).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    AL-MIRAJ

    (i.e. Ascension of the Prophet (peace be upon him) to the heavens).

    390. Narrated Anas bin Malik from Malik bin Sa'sa'a (Allah be pleased
    with him) that Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) described to them his
    Night Journey saying, "While I was lying in Al-Hatim or Al-Hijr, suddenly
    someone came to me and cut my body open from here to here." I asked
    Al-Jarud who was by my side, "It means from his throat to his pubic
    area," or said, "from the top of the chest." The Prophet
    (peace be upon him) further said, "He then took out my heart. Then
    a gold tray full of Belief was brought to me and my heart was washed and
    was filled (with Belief) and then returned to its original place. Then
    a white animal which was smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey,
    was brought to me." (on this Al-Jarud asked, "Was it the Buraq,
    O Abu Hamza?" I (i.e. Anas) replied in the affirmative). The Prophet
    (peace be upon him) said, "The animal's step (was so wide that it)
    reached the farthest point within the reach of the animal's sight. I was
    carried on it, and Gabriel set out with me till we reached the nearest
    heaven. When he asked for the gate to be opened it was asked, 'Who is it?'
    Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel
    replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has Muhammad been called?' Gabriel
    replied in affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent
    visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went over the first heaven,
    I saw Adam there.

    Gabriel said (to me), 'This is your father, Adam; pay him your greetings.'
    So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, 'You are
    welcomed, o pious son and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me
    till we reached the second heaven. Gabriel asked for the gate to be opened.
    It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel' It was asked, 'Who
    is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he
    been called?' Gabriel answered in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He
    is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened, and
    when I went over the second heaven, there I saw Yaya (i.e. John) and Isa
    (i.e. Jesus), who were cousins of each other. Gabriel said (to me), 'These
    are John and Jesus; pay them your greetings.' So I greeted them and both
    of them returned my greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed, o pious
    brother and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the third
    heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?'
    Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel
    replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied
    in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent
    visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went over the third heaven,
    there I saw Joseph. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is Joseph; pay him your
    greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said,
    'You are welcomed, o pious brother and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended
    with me to the fourth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was
    asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying
    you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?'
    Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed.
    What an excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went over
    the fourth heaven, there I saw Idris. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is Idris;
    pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greetings
    to me and said, 'You are welcomed, o pious brother and pious Prophet.'
    Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fifth heaven and asked for its gate
    to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel' It
    was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was
    asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it
    was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!' The gate was
    opened, and when I went over the fifth heaven, there I saw Harun (i.e.
    Aron) Gabriel said (to me), 'This is Aron; pay him your greetings.' So
    I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed,
    o pious brother and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the
    sixth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is
    it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?'
    Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel
    replied in the affirmative. It was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent
    visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went (over the sixth heaven),
    there I saw Moses. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is Moses; pay him your greetings.'
    So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, 'You are
    welcomed, o pious brother and pious Prophet.' When I left him (i.e. Moses)
    he wept. Someone asked, 'What makes you weep?' Moses said, 'I weep because
    after me there has been sent (as Prophet) a young man whose followers will
    enter Paradise in greater numbers than my followers.' Then Gabriel ascended
    with me to the seventh heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was
    asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying
    you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?'
    Gabriel replied in the affirmative. It was said, 'He is welcomed. What
    an excellent visit his is!' So when I went (over the seventh heaven), there
    I saw Abraham. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is your father; pay him your
    greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said,
    'You are welcomed, o pious son and pious Prophet.' Then I was made to ascend
    to Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (i.e. the Lote Tree of the farthest limit). Behold!
    Its fruits were like the jars of Hajr (i.e. a place near Medina) and its
    leaves were as big as the ears of elephants. Gabriel said, 'This is the
    Lote Tree of the farthest limit.' Behold! There ran four rivers, two were
    hidden and two were visible. I asked, 'What are these two kinds of rivers,
    O Gabriel?' He replied, 'As for the hidden rivers, they are two rivers
    in Paradise and the visible rivers are the Nile and the Euphrates.' Then
    Al-Bait-ul-Ma'mur (i.e.the Sacred House) was shown to me and a container
    full of wine and another full of milk and a third full of honey were brought
    to me. I took the milk. Gabriel remarked, 'This is the Islamic religion
    which you and your followers are following.' Then the prayers were enjoined
    on me: They were fifty prayers a day. When I returned, I passed by Moses
    who asked (me), 'What have you been ordered to do?' I replied, 'I have
    been ordered to offer fifty prayers a day.' Moses said, 'Your followers
    cannot bear fifty prayers a day, and by Allah, I have tested people before
    you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israil (in vain). Go back
    to your Lord and ask for reducing your followers' burden.' So I went back,
    and Allah reduced ten prayers for me. Then again I came to Moses, but he
    repeated the same as he had said before. Then again I went back to Allah
    and He reduced ten more prayers. When I came back to Moses he said the
    same, I went back and Allah and He ordered me to observe ten prayers a
    day. When I came back to Moses, he repeated the same advice, so I went
    back to Allah was ordered to observe five prayers a day. When I came back
    to Moses, he said, 'What have you been ordered?' I replied, 'I have been
    ordered to observe five prayers a day.' He said, 'Your followers cannot
    bear five prayers a day,(NOTE 36)
    and no doubt, I have got an experience of the people before you, and I
    have tried my level best with Bani Israil, so go back to your Lord and
    ask for reducing your followers' burden.' I said, 'I have requested so
    much of my Lord that I feel ashamed, but I am satisfied now and surrender
    to Allah's order.' When I left, I head a voice saying, 'I have passed My
    Order and have reduced the burden of My Worshippers.'"
    (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 5).
    (Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan et.al.).

    WOMEN
    IN ISLAM

    391. Reported from Anas b. Malik, the Prophet said: "Girls are models
    of affection and sympathy and a blessing to the family. If a person has
    one daughter, God will screen him from the fire of hell owing to his daughter;
    if he has two daughters, God will admit him to paradise; if he has three,
    God will exempt him from the obligation of charity and Jehad."

    (Kanz al-Ummal:277).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    392. Abu Hurairah says, "The Prophet of God said that if a person
    has three daughters whom he provides for and brings up, God will surely
    reward him with paradise."
    (Kanz al-Ummal).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    393. According to Abdullah ibn Mas'ud, the Prophet is reported to have
    said; "If a daughter is born to a person and he brings her up, gives
    her a good education and trains her in the arts of life, I shall myself
    stand between him and hell-fire.
    (Kanz al-Ummal).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    394. Ibn Abbas reported that a virgin grown-up girl came to the Prophet
    of Allah and narrated that her father had given her in marriage to a person
    whom she disliked. The Prophet gave her option.

    (Abu Dawud).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    395. Khansa' b. Khidham reported that her father gave her in marriage,
    after she had became a widow. She disliked it and came to the Prophet.
    He annulled the marriage.
    (Bukhari).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    396. According to Ayeshah, the Prophet's wife, he said about women: "They
    are like pleasing roses."(NOTE 37)

    (Kanz al-Ummal).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    397. Man is the ruler in his home. He will be held responsible for the
    conduct of his dependents, and woman is the ruler in her husband's home.
    She will also be held responsible for the conduct of her dependents.

    (Bukhari).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    398. A person who has a female slave in charge and takes steps to give
    her a sound education and trains her in arts and culture, and then frees
    her and marries her, he will be doubly rewarded.
    (Sahih Bukhari, Kitab al-Nikah).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    399. A report from Bahz b. Hakim states: I inquired the Prophet (peace
    be upon him) about hi teaching in respect of women. He replied: "Feed
    them as you feed yourselves, clothe them as you clothe yourselves, and
    do not beat or scold them."
    (Kanz al-Ummal).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    400. According to a report from Abdullah b. 'Umar, the Prophet (peace
    be upon him) declared: "The whole world is a thing to be made use
    of and the best thing in the world is a virtuous wife."

    (Muslim).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    401. Ayeshah praised the women of Ansar for their spirit of enquiry and
    learning, saying, 'How praiseworthy are the women of Ansar that their modesty
    does not prevent them from attempts at learning and the acquisition of
    knowledge.'
    (Sahih Muslim Kitab al Tahrat).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    402. Umar, the Second Caliph, says, 'When a person marries a woman, and
    the woman stipulates that she would not be taken out of the town or city,
    of her residence, it is necessary for the husband to abide by the stipulation.'
    (Tirmidhi p. 385).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    403. Ali, the Fourth Caliph, say: 'The conditions laid down by God take
    precedence over the conditions set by man.'
    (Ahmad).

    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    404. A report from Ibn Abbas states that the Prophet (peace be upon him)
    said: 'A previously married woman is more a guardian for herself than her
    guardian and a virgin should be asked permission about herself, and her
    permission is her silence.'
    (Muslim).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    405. Abu Hurairah reports that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
    'A grown-up girl shall be asked permission about herself. If she is silent,
    it is her permission; and if she declines, there shall be no compulsion
    on her.'
    (Muslim).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    406. Ibn Abas reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) declared:
    'Those women are adulteresses who marry themselves without the presence
    of witnesses.'
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    407. Ibn Umar says: 'Uthman b. Mazu'um left behind a young daughter.
    My uncle, Qudamah, married her to me, and did not even consult her. When
    the girl came to know this, she disliked this marriage and she wished to
    marry Mughirah b. Shu'bah. So she was married to Mughirah.

    (Ibn Majah).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    408. Ayeshah, says, 'A girl came and stated that her father had given
    her in marriage to his nephew and she disliked him. I told her to wait
    till the Prophet arrived. When the Prophet came, I told him the full story
    of the girl. He at once sent for the father of the girl and enquired whether
    the facts stated were true, after which he told the girl the she was at
    liberty to choose or repudiate her husband. The girl replied that she chose
    to retain her marriage, and she wanted only to know whether women had the
    rights in the matter.'
    (Nasai).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    409. Ayeshah said, the Prophet (peace be upon him) of God declared: 'Marriage
    of a woman is invalid without there being a guardian.'
    (Tirmidhi Kitab al-Nikah).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    410. Ayeshah, the wife of the Prophet (peace be upon him), reports: The
    Prophet (peace be upon him) of God said: 'The best of you is he who is
    best to his wife.'
    (Tirmidhi).

    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    411. A report from Abu Hurairah says: 'No believer should be angry towards
    his wife. If some of her qualities are displeasing, there will be many
    other qualities worth appreciation.'
    (Nail al-Autar).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    412. The Angel of God advised me so many times about women that I became
    convinced that it is not lawful for a man to divorce his wife, except when
    she commits adultery.
    (Irshad al-Muhtaj, Huquq al-Azwaj).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    413. According to a report from Anas b Malik, the Prophet (peace be upon
    him) said: 'Girls are models of affection and sympathy and a blessing to
    the family. If a person has one daughter, God will screen him from the
    fire of hell owing to his daughter; if he has two daughters, God will admit
    him to Paradise; if he has three, God will exempt him from the obligations
    of charity and Jihad.
    (Kanz al-Ummal).
    (Women in Islam by M. Mazheruddin Siddiqi).

    THE
    PRAYER (SALAT)

    414. According to Utham, may God be pleased with him, the blessed Prophet
    (peace be upon him) said: 'To perform the late evening Prayer, (Isha),
    in congregation is equivalent to spending half the night in vigil, while
    to perform the dawn Prayer, (Fajr), in congregation is like keeping vigil
    throughout the night.
    (Muslim).
    (Inner Dimensions of Islamic Worship. by Al-Ghazali). (Translated by Muhtar
    Holland).

    416. Said the Prophet,(peace be upon him): 'The five set Prayers may
    be compared to a stream of fresh water, flowing in front of your house,
    into which you plunge five times each day. Do you think that would leave
    any dirt on your body?' When they replied: 'None at all!' The Prophet,
    on him be peace, said: 'Indeed the five Prayers remove sins, just as water
    removes dirt.'
    (Muslim).
    (Inner Dimensions of Islamic Worship. by Al-Ghazali). (Translated by Muhtar
    Holland).

    415. Said the Prophet, (peace be upon him): 'On the Day of Resurrection,
    three people will find themselves on the ridge of black musk. They will
    have no reckoning to fear, nor any cause for alarm while human accounts
    are being settled. First, a man who recites the Quran to please God, Great
    and Glorious is He, and who leads the Prayer to people's satisfaction.
    Second, a man who gives the Call to Prayer in a Mosque, inviting people
    to God, Great and Glorious is He, for the sake of His good pleasure. Third,
    a man who has a hard time making a living in this world, yet is not distracted
    from the work of the Hereafter.'
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Inner Dimensions of Islamic Worship. by Al-Ghazali). (Translated by Muhtar
    Holland).

    ALMSGIVING
    (ZAKAT)

    417. Said the Prophet (peace be upon him): 'The most meritorious form
    of Almsgiving is the effort to help a poor man, made in secret, by one
    who is himself of little means.'
    (Ahmad).
    (Inner Dimensions of Islamic Worship. by Al-Ghazali). (Translated by Muhtar
    Holland).

    418. Seven will God shade on the day when there will be no shade but
    the shade of His Throne: one of them is a man who offers Alms without his
    left hand knowing what his right hand has given.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Inner Dimensions of Islamic Worship. by Al-Ghazali). (Translated by Muhtar
    Holland).

    419. Blessed is the servant who spends out of the wealth he has earned
    without sin.
    (Ibn Adi, Bazzar).
    (Inner Dimensions of Islamic Worship. by Al-Ghazali). (Translated by Muhtar
    Holland).

    STATUS
    OF WOMAN IN ISLAM

    420. Act kindly towards women, for they were created from a rib and the
    most crooked part of the rib is its top. If you attempt to straighten it
    you will break it, if you leave it alone it will remain crooked: so act
    kindly towards women.
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    421. Paradise lies under the feet of the mother.
    (Nasai).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    422. Advice and warning rendered by Hazrat Umar, the second caliph: "Beware!
    don't make a heavy dower of women. Had it been a cause of honour in the
    world and piety near Allah, the Holy Prophet would have been the first
    about it. I did not know whether the Holy Prophet married any of his wives
    and got his daughters married for more than 12 auqiahs (NOTE
    38)
    "
    (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Abu Daud, Nasai, Ibn Majah).

    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    THE
    TRUE QUALITY OF A GOOD WIFE

    423. Thauban reported that the Messenger of Allah said: "The best
    of the property is a remembering tongue (about Allah), and a grateful heart
    and a believing wife who helps him in his faith."
    (Ahmad, Ibn Majah).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    424. Hazrat Aishah (R.A.) (NOTE 39)
    told that Allah's Messenger said to her, "If you wish to join me (in
    the Hereafter), be satisfied with worldly things to the extent of a rider's
    provision, avoid sitting with the rich, and do not consider a garment worn
    out till you patch it."

    (Tirmidhi).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    425. Hadrat Anas reported that the Holy Prophet had said: "For the
    woman her husband is Paradise as well as Hell."
    (Ahmad, Nasai).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    426. Imran bin Hussain reported Allah's Messenger as saying, "The
    perfume used by men should have an odour, but no colour, and the perfume
    used by women should have colour but no odour."
    (Abu Daud).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    427. Abu Musa reported Allah's Messenger as saying, "Every eye is
    adulterous (when it cast glances with lust on strange women) and when a
    woman perfumes herself and passes a company, she is such and such."
    -meaning adulterous.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    428. Hadrat Aisha reports that she asked the Holy Prophet whose right
    was greatest on the woman and the Holy Prophet said: Husband's. Then she
    asked: Whose right was the greatest on man and the Holy Prophet said: His
    mother's.
    (Bazaz, Hakim).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    429. Hadrat Ibn Umar reported that the Holy Prophet had said: "Allah
    would not like even to look at the woman who is not thankful to her husband."

    (Nasai).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    430. Hazrat Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) reported that the Messenger
    Of Allah said: " When a wife spends food of her house without spoiling
    there is for her its reward for what she gives away and there is also a
    reward for her husband for what he earns, and the like (reward) for the
    storekeeper - none of them diminishing aught from the reward of another."

    (Bukhari).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    431. A hadith related by Hadrat Anas says that the Holy Prophet observed:
    "When the following five evils shall creep into my Ummah, it will
    then be destroyed:


    1. invoking curses on one another

  • use of liquor on large scale
  • wearing of silken clothes
  • increased number of dancing girls and their frequent entertainment shows in large gatherings.
  • when man shall engage in sexual intercourse with males and women shall engage in sexual
    acts with other females i.e. sodomy and homosexuality."
  • (Baihaqi).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    HOW ESSENTIAL
    IS HIJAB (VEIL)

    432. Ibn Masud reported the Messenger of Allah as saying: "A woman
    is an object of concealment for when she goes out the devil presents her
    in alluring looks before men."

    (Tirmidhi).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    433. There are three types of eyes whom hell fire will not touch - the
    eye which keeps itself shut from the things forbidden by Allah, the eye
    which guards the frontiers of Islam and remains open to keep vigil over
    it and the eye which constantly sheds tears out of Allah's fear.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    434. The fornication of the eyes consists of looking, of ears in hearing,
    of the tongue in speech, of the hand in violence and of the foot in walking.
    The heart lusts and wishes and the private parts accord with that or reject
    it.
    (Muslim).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    WEALTH
    AND WOMEN ARE A GREAT TRIAL

    435. Abu Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allah said: "Wealth
    is not in vast riches but wealth is in self-contentment."
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    436. Two hungry wolves do not do so much havoc to a flock of sheep as
    greed and desire do to one's religion.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    437. Abu Umama reported that the Prophet as saying, "The most enviable
    of my friends in my estimation is a believer with little property who finds
    pleasure in prayer, who performs the worship of his Lord well, who obeys
    Him in secret, who is obscure among men, who is not pointed out by people,
    and whose provision is bare sufficiency with which he is content."
    He then snapped his fingers and said, "His death will come speedily,
    the women who bewail him will be few and what he leaves will be little."

    (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    438. Umar reported the Prophet saying, "Whenever a man is alone
    with a woman the devil makes a third."
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    439. Do not call on women in the absence of their husbands, because Satan
    might be circulating in any one of you like blood.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    440. Abu Said a-Khudri reported Allah's Messenger as saying, "the
    world is sweet and verdant, and Allah having put you in it in your turn
    watches how you act; so fear the world and fear women, for the trial of
    the Bani Israel had to do with woman."

    (Muslim).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    HUSBAND-WIFE
    SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP

    441. Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah's Messenger
    (peace be upon him) said: "If anyone amongst you intends to go to
    his wife he should say: In the name of Allah, O Allah, ward us against
    Satan and keep away the Satan from the one that you have bestowed upon
    us, and if He has ordained a male child for them, Satan will never be able
    to harm him."
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    442. Abu Said a-Khudri reported Allah's Messenger as saying, "The
    most important of the trusts in the sight of Allah in the Day of Judgement
    is that a man goes to his wife and she goes to him (and the breach of trust
    is) that he should divulge her secret."

    (Muslim).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    443. Abu Dharr reported that the Messenger of Allah told his companions
    that "...in man's sexual intercourse (with his wife) there is Sadqa
    (charity)." They (the companions) said: Messenger of Allah, is there
    a reward for him who satisfied his sexual passion among us? He said: Tell
    me, if he were to devote it to something forbidden, would it not be a sin
    on his part? Similarly, if he were to devote it to something lawful, he
    should have a reward."
    (Muslim).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    444. Hazrat Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) said: "I never looked
    at (or, I never saw) Allah's Messenger's private parts."
    (Ibn Majah).

    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    445. Ibn Abbas reported: "It was revealed to the Messenger of Allah:
    your wives are a tilth for you. So come to your tilth as you like; come
    from the front and back, and guard against the rectum and menstruation."

    (Ibn Majah, Tirmidhi).
    (Ideal Woman in Islam. by Imran Muhammad).

    ACQUISITION
    OF AND IMPARTING DEENI KNOWLEDGE

    446. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "The noblest charity is
    that a Muslim acquires some knowledge (of the Deen) then imparts it to
    a brother Muslim."
    (Ibn Majah).

    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Maulana Mohammad Ali Thanvi).

    447. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "no one has given his children
    anything better than adab (which in this context refers to Denni knowledge)."

    (Tirmidhi, Baihaqi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Maulana Mohammad Ali Thanvi).

    448. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "O Abu Zarr (a Sahaabi)
    if you go anywhere to learn one ayaat of the Qur'aan, it is better for
    you than a hundred rakaats (Nafal) Salaat; if you go anywhere to acquire
    one law of the knowledge (of Deen), it is better for you than performing
    a thousand rakaats (Nafal) Salaat, irrespective of whether you practised
    on it (the knowledge) or not."
    (Ibn Majah).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Maulana Mohammad Ali Thanvi).

    TAKING
    SPECIAL CARE TO FULFIL THE RIGHTS OF MUSLIMS

    449. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "On the Day of Qiyaamah, the one in the
    vilest of conditions will be a two-faced person. He says one thing (in
    favour) of one person and then another thing (in regard to the same affair)
    to another person."
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    450. Hadhrat Sufyaan Ibn As'ad Khadrami (Allah be pleased with him) narrates
    that he heard Muhammad (peace be upon him) say: "Indeed it is an act
    of the greatest abuse of trust if you tell a Muslim brother something which
    is false while he believes that you are telling him the truth."
    (Abu Dawud).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    451. Hadhrat Muaaz (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "Whoever taunts a brother (Muslim) with
    a sin (which the Muslim has committed), will not die until he (the taunter)
    commits the same sin."

    (Tirmidhi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    452. Hadhrat Abdur Rahman Ibn Ghanam and Asma Bint Yazeed (Allah be pleased
    with them) narrate that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "The worst
    among the servants of Allah are those who gossip and create rifts between
    friends."
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    453. Hadhrat Ibn Abbaas (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "Do not unnecessarily dispute with a brother
    (Muslim) nor joke with him in such a way which displeases him. Do not promise
    him something which you cannot fulfil."
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    454. Hadhrat Zaid bin Arqam (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that
    according to Muhammad (peace be upon him) one who has the intention of
    fulfilling a promise but fails because of some real reason is not guilty
    of sin.
    (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    455. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "Despising a Muslim is a sufficient evil
    in a man."
    (Muslim).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    456. All things of a Muslim are sacred and to be honoured by other Muslims.
    His life, property and honour must be respected.
    (Muslim).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    457. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "Every man is a mirror to his brother (Muslim)."

    (Tirmidhi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    458. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "A Mu'min (Believer) is the repository of
    love. There is no goodness in a man who does not have love for anyone nor
    does anyone love him."
    (Ahmad, Baihaqi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    459. Hadhrat Anas (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "He who fulfils a need of a person in order
    to give him pleasure, has given me pleasure; whoever has given me pleasure
    has given Allah pleasure, He will give him Jannat."

    (Baihaqi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    460. Hadhrat Anas (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "Seventy three acts of pardon (Maghfirat)
    are recorded for a person who aids a man in difficulty. Of these (seventy
    three pardons) one is sufficient for the rectification of all his affairs.
    The other seventy two will serve as means for the acquisition of lofty
    stages in the Aakhirah."
    (Baihaqi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    461. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "Whenever a Muslim visits a sick brother
    (Muslim) or merely goes to meet his brother, then Allah says: 'You are
    holy; your walking is holy; you have arranged your abode in Jannat.'"

    (Tirmidhi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    462. Hadhrat Abu Ayyub Ansaari (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that
    Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "It is not lawful for a Muslim
    to sever his ties with another Muslim for more than three days, in such
    a way that when they meet, the one who turns his face one way and the one
    other turns his face the other way. The better of these two is the one
    who makes Salaam first."
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    463. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "refrain from suspicion. The worst of lies
    is suspicion (thinking ill of others on mere supposition). Do not pry into
    the private affairs of others. Do not bid a higher price (for any object
    of sale) with the intention to deceive (and not to buy). Do not have jealousy
    for one another nor entertain malice for each other. Do not scandal (gheebat).
    Fear Allah! All servants (of Allah) should live like brothers."
    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    464. Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that
    Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "A man who harms any Muslim and
    deceives him, is accursed."

    (Tirmidhi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    FASTING

    465. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Allah Ta'Ala has ordained
    fasting in Ramadhan compulsory, and I have decreed (by the command of Allah)
    wakefulness at night (i.e. Taraweeh, etc.) Sunnat. Whoever in the state
    of Imaan and the belief of thawaab fasts in Ramadhan and stays awake at
    night (i.e. for taraweeh), emerges from sin, purified as the day when his
    mother gave birth to him."
    (Nisai).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    466. Hadhrat Abu bin Umar (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "Fasting and the Qu'ran will intercede on
    behalf of one on the Day of Qiyaamah. The Fast will proclaim: 'O Allah!
    I prevented him from eating at carnal desire. Therefore for my sake accept
    my intercession on his behalf.' The Qu'ran will proclaim: 'I prevented
    him from sleep. Therefore accept my intercession on his behalf.' The intercession
    of both will be accepted."

    (Ahmad, Tibrani, Hakim).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    467. Hadhrat Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with him) narrates, in a lengthy
    hadith, that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Fasting is exclusively
    for Allah Ta'ala. The thawaab of it (being limitless) no one knows besides
    Allah Ta'ala."
    (Tibrani, Baihaqi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    468. Hadhrat Abu Saeed Khudri (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that
    Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "The doors of the Heavens are opened
    up on the first night of Ramadhan. Not a single Door (among the Doors of
    Heaven) is then closed until the last night of Ramadhan. For every Salaat
    performed (this refers to Taraweeh Salaat) during the nights of Ramadhan,
    Allah Ta'ala records one and a half thousand good deeds for every Sajdah
    (of the Salaat). And, for the fasting person, Allah Ta'ala creates in Jannat
    a mansion of red Ya'koot (a precious stone in Jannat). This mansion will
    have seven thousand entrances. (So huge will these entrances be that in
    each entrance will be located) a palace of gold adorned with red Ya'koot.
    When the Muslims fast the first day if Ramadhan, Allah Ta'ala forgives
    all his sins committed from the first of the previous Ramadhan. Daily (i.e.
    during Ramadhan) from the time of Fajr Salat until sunset, seventy thousand
    Malaaikah supplicate for his forgiveness. In return for every Sajdah which
    he (the fasting person) makes, of any Salat, whether during the day or
    night, he will obtain (such a wonderful) tree (so huge) that a horseman
    will take five hundred years to pass under its shade."
    (Baihaqi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    469. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Fasting is a shield and
    a powerful fortress."
    (Ahmad, Baihaqi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    470. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "Keep fasting and you will remain healthy."

    (Tibrani).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    471. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "Every person has a zakaat (to pay) and
    the zakaat of the body is fasting."

    (Ibn Majah).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    472. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) in a lengthy hadith,
    narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "I swear by That
    Being in Whose possession is the life of Muhammad! The odour of the mouth
    of a fasting person is sweeter to Allah Ta'ala than the fragrance of musk."

    (Bukhari).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    HAJJ

    473. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "Allah Ta'ala accepts the dua of one who
    performs Hajj and Umrah and if he seeks forgiveness. Allah Ta'ala forgives
    him."

    (Mishkaat).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    474. Hadhrat Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "Making Tawaaf of Baitullah, to walk between
    Safa and Marwah and to pelt stones (at the Jimmar) have been ordained for
    establishing the remembrance of Allah Ta'ala."
    (Abu Dawud).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    475. Hadhrat Aabis Bin Rabeeah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that
    once Hadhrat Umar (Allah be pleased with him) after kissing Hajr-e-Aswad
    (the Black Stone) said: "I know you are a stone. You can neither benefit
    me nor harm anyone. If I did not see Muhammad (peace be upon him) kissing
    you, I would not have kissed you."
    (Abu Dawud).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    476. Hadhrat Ibn Mas'ood (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    said: "Unite Hajj and Umrah (during Hajj period). Both (acts of Ibaadat)
    eliminate poverty and sins in a similar way in which the impurities of
    gold, silver and iron are eliminated. The reward of Hajj which was performed
    correctly is nothing other that Jannat."
    (Mishkaat).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    477. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "Whoever sets out for Hajj, Umrah or Jihad
    but dies on the journey (before being able to render these obligations),
    Allah Ta'ala records for him the thawaab of the ghazi (one who returns
    victorious from the Jihaad field) and the thawaab of one who has performed
    the Hajj and Umrah."
    (Mishkaat).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    478. Hadhrat Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    said: "The one who after Hajj visits me after my death (i.e. the Holy
    Raudah) is like one who has visited me while I was alive."

    (Mishkaat).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    INCOME
    AND EXPENDITURE

    479. Hadhrat Abdullah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "The seeking of a halal earning is the (next)
    Fardh (duty) after the Fardh (Salat)."
    (Baihaqi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    480. Hadhrat Mugheerah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "Allah Ta'ala detests that you destroy wealth
    (i.e. by means of wasting)."

    (Bukhari, Muslim).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    481. Hadhrat Abu Khimari (Allah be pleased with him) narrates a lengthy
    hadith in which Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "The world is of
    four (types) of persons, (one among the four) is a man whom Allah Ta'ala
    granted wealth as well as understanding of the Deen. He fears his Raab
    and is kind (and renders service) to his relatives. And, in regard to the
    wealth he follows the commands of Allah and discharges rights. This man
    is the noblest..."
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    ABSTAINING
    FROM SIN

    482. Hadhrat Ka'b Bin Malik (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that
    Muhammad said: "Two hungry wolves let loose in a flock of sheep do
    not cause so much damage to the flock as does the love of wealth and vanity
    to one's Deen."

    (Tirmidhi, Darimi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    483. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "When a Mum'in sins, a black spot forms
    on his heart. If he makes isitighfaar and taubah, the black mark is removed
    and his heart is purified. If he increases his sin, the black mark increases.
    This is the corrosion of the heart spoken by Allah Ta'ala (in the Qur'an)."

    (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    484. Hadhrat Abdullah Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that
    Muhammad (peace be upon him) cursed the taker and giver of bribery.
    (Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, Tirmidhi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    485. Hadhrat Anas Bin Malik (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that
    Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Should I not show you your sickness
    and its remedy? Your sickness is sinning and your remedy is to seek forgiveness
    (istighfaar)."

    (Baihaqi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    486. Hadhrat Ibn Abaas (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "When khiyaanat (abuse of trust) becomes
    rampant in a people, Allah Ta'ala overwhelms their hearts with fear. A
    nation perpetrating injustice will be overpowered by its enemies."

    (Malik).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    487. Hadhrat Thaubaan (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "There will soon come a time when all nations
    (of the kufaar) will unite against you ( Muslims)..." Someone asked:
    "Will we be less in numbers at that time?" Muhammad (peace be
    upon him) said: 'In fact, you will be numerous, but useless...Allah Ta'ala
    will remove your respect and your fears from the hearts of your enemies
    (who will then despise you) and Allah will instil weakness in your hearts."

    Someone asked: 'What is the cause of the weakness?' Muhammad (peace be
    upon him) said: "Love of the world and detestation for Maut."

    (Abu Dawud, Baihaqi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    488. Hadhrat Anas (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) said: "The hearts too become corroded (by means
    of sin). Its polish is istighfaar."
    (Baihaqi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    489. Hadhrat Thu'baan (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad
    (peace be upon him) cursed the agent who arranged the bribe as well.
    (Ahmad, Baihaqi).

    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    490. Hadhrat Abdullah Ibn Mas'ood (Allah be pleased with him) narrates
    that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "A sincere repenter of sins
    is like one who has not committed sins."
    (Baihaqi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    RECITING
    AND TEACHING THE QUR'AN MAJEED

    491. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "He who recites the Qur'an
    well and clearly is equal in rank to the Angels who record creation's deeds.
    These Angels are gracious, honourable and of lofty rank. He who finds difficulty
    in reciting the Qur'an will obtain a double reward."
    (Bukhari, Muslim).

    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    492. A person whose breast is devoid of the Qur'an (i.e. has not learnt
    anything of the Qur'an Majeed) is like a desolate house.
    (Tirmidhi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    493. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "A person who recites one
    harf (letter) of the Qur'an, obtains one virtue; each virtue multiplies
    to ten virtues. I am not saying that (ALM) is one harf. But, Alif in it
    is one harf; the Laam in it is one harf and the Meem in it is one harf."

    (Tirmidhi, Darimi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    494. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "On the day of Qiyaamah
    a crown of such brilliance will be placed on the heads of the parents of
    one who learnt the Qur'an and practised on its laws, that its glitter will
    outshine the brilliance of the sun which penetrates your houses. What then
    do you think will be the position of the one who himself learnt the Qur'an
    and acted in accordance with it?"

    (Ahmad, Abu Dawud).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    495. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "He who recites the Qur'an,
    memorizes it,accepts its halal (lawful things) as halal and haram (forbidden
    things) as haram (i.e. his beliefs in these matters are correct), Allah
    Ta'ala will enter him to Jannat and accept his intercession on behalf of
    ten such persons of his family upon whom entry into Janhannum has become
    incumbent (i.e. Allah Ta'ala will forgive them because of his intercession)."

    (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Darimi).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    496. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Continue reciting the Qur'an
    because on the Day of Qiyaamah it will appear as an intercessor for the
    reciter."
    (Muslim).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    497. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "He who listens to even
    a single aayat (being recited by another) obtains such a virtue which perpetually
    multiplies (it increases in thawaab continuously). The one who recited
    the aayat will on the Day of Qiyaamah find the recited aayat in the form
    of a Noor (which will be of greater value and significance than the virtue
    which accrued to the one who had listened to the recitation)."
    (Ahmad).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    498. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "The best of you are those
    who learn the Qur'an and teach it."
    (Bukhari).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    499. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "On the Day of Qiyaamah
    the Qur'an will petition Allah to cloak the one who had recited it with
    garments of honour and respect. A crown of honour will then be placed on
    the head of the reciter. The Qur'an will then petition Allah Ta'ala to
    shower His pleasure on the reciter. Allah will then become pleased with
    him. The reciter will then be asked to recite the Qur'an, thereby attaining
    higher ranks of elevation. In reward for each aayat a virtue will accrue
    to him."

    (Tirmidhi, Ibn Khuzaimah).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    500. Continue climbing (higher and higher in rank) with your recitation
    in the same way as you recited with care and concern on earth. Your abode
    (of residing) is located (at that rank attained) with the last aayat recited.

    (Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, Ibn Habbaan).
    (Hayaat-ul-Muslimeen. by Mohammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi).

    END OF COMPILATION

    [ Table of Contents ] [ Introduction ] [ Introduction to hadiths ]

    (NOTE A)
    It is important to be aware of the fact that the source, in this context,
    is meant as the publication I got the hadith from, not the sahihs.

    (NOTE B)
    The original file is a Word 7.0 document (82 single sided pages).

    (NOTE C)

    see next page for explanation of sahih

    (NOTE 1)
    Who looks after the interests of his followers.

    (NOTE 2)
    lit. "words"

    (NOTE 3)
    This is a reference to religious migration, in particular to that from
    Mecca to Medina.

    (NOTE 4)
    Often rendered as "alms-tax" or "poor-due", it
    is a tax levied on a man's wealth and distributed among the poor.

    (NOTE 5)
    The Ka'ba and Holy Mosque in Mecca.

    (NOTE 6)
    Iman is generally rendered as "religious belief" or "faith".

    (NOTE 7)
    "right action", "goodness", "charity",
    "sincerity".

    (NOTE 8)
    i.e. of the Day of Judgement.

    (NOTE 9)

    Their are two possible interpretations: 1) "When a woman will
    give birth to her master" i.e. a time will come when children will
    have so little respect for their mothers that they will treat them like
    slaves. 2) The slave-girls will give birth to sons and daughters who will
    become free and so be the masters of those who bore them.

    (NOTE 10)
    Islam advocates that conversion be by conviction. The Holy Quran say:
    'No compulsion in religion.' The waging of war is enjoined against certain
    categories of persons such as those who attack a Muslim country, those
    who prevent the preaching and spread of Islam by peaceful means and apostates.

    (NOTE 11)
    i.e. "their blood".

    (NOTE 12)

    Quran: verse 51, chapter 23.

    (NOTE 13)
    Quran: verse 172, chapter 2.

    (NOTE 14)
    i.e. from those Prophets preceded Muhammad (may the blessings and peace
    of Allah be uponhim).

    (NOTE 15)
    Two interpretations: a) one may safely act according to one's conscience
    so long as one feels no shame. b) if one is not capable of any feeling
    of shame there is nothing to prevent one from behaving as one likes i.e.
    badly.

    (NOTE 16)
    i.e. "blood".

    (NOTE 17)
    persons who met the Prophet (peace be upon him), believed in him and
    died Muslim.

    (NOTE 18)
    To say Subhana 'llah (How far is Allah from every imperfection).

    (NOTE 19)
    To say Allahu akbar (Allah is most great).

    (NOTE 20)
    To say Al hamdu lillah (Praise be to Allah).

    (NOTE 21)
    To say la ilaha illa'llah (There is no god but Allah).

    (NOTE 22)
    i.e. while you are in good health you are able to perform your religious
    duties and should therefore take advantage of this fact. The same applies
    to the state of being alive.

    (NOTE 23)
    A hadith in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) refers a saying to
    Allah, the Prophet himself being merely the narrator. Unlike the Quran,
    one cannot say of a hadith qudsi that "Allah said it." In the
    case of a hadith qudsi, the meaning is from Allah but the words are the
    Prophet's, transmitted to him either through a vision or revelation.

    (NOTE 24)

    arb. signifies any alcoholic drink which causes intoxication.

    (NOTE 25)
    striving or fighting in the cause of Allah.

    (NOTE 26)
    dealing in usury or interest.

    (NOTE 27)
    Denotes those parts of the body which Islam requires to be covered
    in front of others, whether of the same or the opposite sex.

    (NOTE 28)
    [Setting up other gods with Allah].

    (NOTE 29)
    i.e. as the earth, meaning that Allah will give forgiveness in like
    measure to a man's sins.

    (NOTE 30)
    The superiority of race over race and family over family is recognised
    -people are mines like mines of gold and silver- among Muslims as well
    as non Muslims, but it is added that this superiority is maintained through
    attainment of knowledge. If persons belonging to a superior race discard
    knowledge, they lose their superiority. Racial or family superiority is
    thus subject to the acquisition of knowledge.

    (NOTE 31)
    Religion in contrast with the other three, builds character, and hence
    the word din carries the significance of character here.

    (NOTE 32)
    Duff or daff is the tambourine, and the object of beating with daff
    at marriage is to make it publicly known. It also furnishes a kind of music.

    (NOTE 33)
    The technical word for temporary marriage is mut'ah. It is derived
    from mata meaning profiting for a long time. Mut'ah is considered to be
    a legal form of marriage by the Shi'ahs, but the vast majority of the Muslim
    community rejects it in the basis of this hadith quoted here. The Holy
    Quran uses the word ihsan (lit. being inaccessible) for marriage, and thus
    looks upon marriage as a permanent relation which can be cut off only by
    divorce. For all of the kinds of sexual relationship it uses the word safah,
    which signifies fornication. According to some hadith, mut'ah was allowed
    by the Holy Prophet in a war. Even if this be true, it may have been allowed
    at an earlier stage, reform having been brought about gradually, but there
    is not the least doubt that it was finally disallowed.

    (NOTE 34)
    This is the general practice, but as the next hadith shows, one goat
    sufficed in the case of a boy as well. It is only for those who can afford it.

    (NOTE 35)
    This means that each of the two parts of the moon was on the either
    side of the mountain of Hira.

    (NOTE 36)
    Iqamat -us-Salat: The offering of the prayers perfectly. This is not
    understood by many Muslims. It means:
    A) All members of a family or group etc., of a town or a village etc.,
    must offer the prayers; all the males in the mosque for the five congregational
    prayers and the females in their houses both young and old from seven years
    and upwards, (and no member of the family is to be excused) at the five
    fixed stated hours for the five compulsory prayers. If any member intentionally
    did not offer the prayer, then even if the others prayed, they did not
    offer the prayer (dutifully and perfectly). Each chief (of a family or
    a town or a village etc.,) is responsible for it before Allah.

    B) To offer a prayer in a way just as the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon
    him) offered it with all its rules and regulations.

    (NOTE 37)
    Meaning thereby that their grace and tenderness deserve special regard
    from men.

    (NOTE 38)
    Twelve (12) Auqiahs are the equal to near 500 dirhams or Rs.132.(1984)

    (NOTE 39)
    Radiallah `anha (Allah be pleased with her).

    [ Table of Contents ] [ Introduction ] [ Introduction to hadiths ]