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Five Hundred Hadiths

500 AHADITH

Introduction to Ahadith

It goes without saying that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) has left us with two powerful sources for the improvement of the individual, the society and for the nations, those are: the Holy Quran and ahadith.
The Quran was revealed to the Last Messenger (peace be upon him) through the angel Gabriel. The ahadith show us the diversities a single person can have, and the ways these diversities may be used to produce an optimal performance, where the performance is exemplary for future generations. This was one of the main tasks of the Last Messenger (peace be upon him), to guide humanity on the right path. Muhammad (peace be upon him) was a son, a husband, a father, an advisor, a warrior, a leader, a judge and most important of all, he was the Seal of the Prophets - the last messenger of Allah. A man with such a character and such a vast field of responsibility is indeed deserving of biographical study, and through the ages, biographical researches have been carried out.
The collection of ahadith is the result of these researchers. The study of ahadith is a science itself. To mention some branches within the study of ahadith, there is the science of Asma'ul Rijal (the science of study of the life-history of 500,000 narrators), the science of Mustalih al-Hadith (the science of classifying a hadith as authentic or weak), the science of Gharib al-hadith (the study of the linguistic origins of the difficult words used in ahadith). I have mentioned only three different sciences though this list can extend to over 100. This again indicates the immense importance of ahadith and the importance of understanding them.

The main source of ahadith can be found in six sahihs. These six sahihs are:
Sahih al-Bukhari (d. 256 A.H. = 870 A.D.)
Sahih Muslim (d. 261 A.H. = 875 A.D.)
Sunan Ibn Majah (d. 273 A.H. = 887 A.D.)
Sunan Abu Dawud (d. 275 A.H. = 888 A.D.)
Jami al-Tirmidhi (d. 279 A.H. = 892 A.D.)
Sunan al-Nisai (d. 303 A.H. = 915 A.D.)

(A.H. = After Hegira A.D. = Anno Domini)

"In preparing their collections, these Traditions obviously used a critical technique to decide what they would include and what they should reject. Bukhari, for example, examined 600,000 traditions of which he excepted only 7,397. There purpose was to assemble a body of traditions which would serve as a rule of life for practising Muslims, so their primary interest was in selecting such traditions as would give clear guidance concerning what Muslims belief and practice should be, what things were permissible and approved, and what were not permissible and disapproved." (Shariah: The Islamic Law. by Abdur Rahman I. Doi:54)

It should be quite evident from the above cited paragraph that the task of compiling ahadith was by no means simple. Although the most painstaking techniques had been employed to decide which ahadith should be included and which should be rejected there were found grounds for classification of ahadith.
The ahadith are therefore classified in the following manner:
1.Sahih: These are the genuine Traditions so declared after applying all tests.
2.Hasan: These are the fair Traditions although inferior in the matter of authenticity to the Sahih.
3. Daif: These are the weak traditions which are not so very reliable." (Ibid:57).

Before I proceed, I wish to explain the meanings of isnad and matn as the understanding of these words is considered profitable for the reader. A hadith consists of two parts. The chain of transmitters comprises one part while the message within the hadith completes it. The former is known as isnad while the latter is matn.
Continuing with the classification of ahadith, the daif ahadith are divided further: a] The Mu'allaq Traditions: These are those Traditions in which one or two transmitters are omitted in the beginning of the Isnad. b] The Maqtu Traditions: These are those Traditions which are reported by a Tabi'i, a man of second category after the Prophet. c] The Munqati Traditions: These are the broken Traditions. d] The Mursal Traditions: These are the incomplete Traditions in the Isnad of which a companion (Sahabi) is omitted, e.g. A Tabi'i says, the Prophet said.... e] The Musahhaf Traditions: These are the traditions which have a mistake in words or letters of the Isnad or the Matn e.g. Hasan is written as Hashan. f] The Shadh Traditions: These are the traditions with a reliable chain of reporters but their meanings are contrary to other similarly attested Traditions narrated by the majority of the contemporary transmitters. g] The Maudu Traditions: These are the fabricated and untrue Traditions." (Ibid:57).

I have now presented a very short introduction to the background of ahadith. I would most strongly recommend the interested reader to read the book "Shariah: The Islamic Law" by Abdur Rahman I. Doi. It is a book which I have used extensively and found most interesting and informative. The same author has also published a book which is titled "Non-Muslims under Shariah", another informative book which I would recommend. Lastly I would like to thank the people concerned in providing me with the facility for distributing this collection. Without their help, time, and effort, I am quite certain that this work would not have come to the notice of so many people in so many places. May Allah give them peace and bless them all. Amen.

FAITH (IMAN)

1. Islam is based on five things: the testimony that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is His servant and messenger, the observance of the prayer, the payment of Zakat, the pilgrimage, and the fast during Ramadan.(Bukhari, Muslim).

2. The Muslim is he from whose tongue and hand the Muslims are safe, and the Emigrant is he who abandons what God has prohibited. (Bukhari).

3. None of you believes till I am dearer to him than his father, his child and all mankind. (Bukhari, Muslim).

4. He who is not trustworthy has no Faith, and he who does not keep his Covenant has no religion. (Baihaqi).

5. What is Faith? When your good deed pleases you and your evil deed grieves you, you are a believer. What is Sin? When a thing disturbs (the peace of) your heart, give it up. (Ahmad).

MAJOR SINS AND SIGNS OF HYPOCRISY

6. The major sins are associating other objects of worship with God, disobedience to parents, murder, and deliberate perjury. (Bukhari, Muslim).

7. There are three signs of a hypocrite: when he speaks he speaks lies, when he makes a promise he breaks it, and when he is trusted he betrays his trust. (Bukhari).

8. Avoid the seven noxious things.(1) Associating anything with God, (2) magic,(3) killing one whom God has declared inviolate without a just cause, (4) devouring usury, (5) consuming the property of an orphan, running back from the battlefield and, (7) slandering chaste women who are believers but indiscreet. (Bukhari, Muslim).

9. Four characteristics constitute anyone who possesses them a sheer hypocrite, and anyone who possesses one of them possesses a characteristic of hypocrisy till he abandons it: when he is trusted he betrays his trust, when he talks he lies, when he makes a covenant he acts treacherously and when he quarrels he abuses. (Bukhari, Muslim).

KNOWLEDGE

10. When a man dies no further reward is recorded for his actions, with three exceptions: Sadqa which continues to be supplied, or knowledge from which benefit continues to be reaped, or the prayers of a good son to his dead father. (Muslim).

11. If anyone removes (one of the) anxieties of this world from a believer, God will remove (one of the) anxieties from him on the Day of Resurrection; if one smoothes the way for one who is destitute, God will smooth the way for him in this world and the next; and if anyone conceals the faults of a Muslim, God will conceal his faults in this world and the next. God helps a man as long as he helps his brother. If anyone pursues a path in search of knowledge God will thereby make easy for him a path to paradise. (Muslim).

12. He who goes out in search of knowledge is in God's path till he returns. (Tirmidhi, Darimi)

13. The search of knowledge is an obligation laid on every Muslim. (Ibn Majah, Baihaqi).

14. The one who would have the worst position in God's sight on the Day of Resurrection would be a learned man who did not profit from his learning. (Darimi).

SUPPLICATIONS (DUA)

15. A man is granted supplication provided he does not ask for anything sinful or for breaking ties of relationship. (Muslim).

16. You have two characters which God likes; gentleness and deliberation. (Muslim).

17. Nothing but supplication averts the decree, and nothing but righteousness increases life.(Tirmidhi).

REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAH

18. People will not sit remembering God without the angels surrounding them, mercy covering them, peace descending on them. (Muslim).

19.He who remembers his Lord and he who does not are like the living and dead. (Bukhari, Muslim).

20. Hadhrat Jaabir (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "The distinguishing factor between kufr and Imaan is the deliberate neglect of Salaat." (Muslim).

21. He who does a good deed will have ten times the amount of blessings, and I [God] shall give more, but he who does an evil deed will have an equivalent reward of evil, or I shall grant forgiveness. If anyone draws the length of a span near Me, I shall draw the length of a cubit near him, and if anyone draws the length of a cubit near Me, I shall draw the length of a fathom near him. If anyone comes to Me walking I shall come to him at a run, and if anyone meets me with sins of the size of the earth, but has not associated anything with Me, I shall meet him a similar amount of forgiveness. (Muslim).

22. Hadhrat Jaabir (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Salaat is the key to Jannat." (Darami).

23. Hadhrat Abdulah Ibn Qart (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "The first act about which one will be questioned on the Day of Qiyammah will be Salaat. If Salaat is found to be proper, other acts will pass as proper. But, if Salaat is found there to be despoiled, then all other acts too will fail." (Tibrani, Ausat).

24. Hadhrat Hanzalah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that he heard Muhammad say: "Whoever guards the five Salaat while believing that the Salaat is the Right of Allah, will enter Jannat." (Ahmad).

25. Hadhrat Bareedah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "The subject of pledge which exists between the people and us (the Ambiyaa) is Salaat. Thus, whoever neglects Salaat has become a kaafir (i.e. in terms of practical life, not in terms of Imaan)." (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Nisai, Ibn Majah).

26. A time will come to mankind when man will not care whether what he gets comes from a lawful or an unlawful source. (Bukhari).

27. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Will there remain any impurity on a person who baths five times a day in a river flowing in front of his house?" The people said: "No impurity will remain on him." Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "This is the effect of the five Salaat. By means of it, Allah Ta'ala purifies the performer of all sins." (Bukhari, Muslim).

28. Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan Bin Amr Bin Al-A's (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Salaat on the Day of Qiyaamah, will be a light, a proof and a means of salvation for the one who guarded it. He who neglects Salaat, will have no light, no proof and no salvation (from the direction of Salaat) He (the one who neglects Salaat) will be in the company of Qaroon, Fir'oun, Haamaan and Ubay Ibn Khalf on the Day of Qiyaamah." (Ahmad, Darami, Baihaqi, Shu'bul Imaan).

29. No body which has been nourished with what is unlawful will enter paradise. (Baihaqi).

30. Flesh which has grown out of what is unlawful will not enter paradise, but hell is more fitting for all flesh which has grown out of what is unlawful. (Ahmad, Darimi, Baihaqi).

31. The truthful and trusty merchant is associated with the prophets, the upright and the martyrs. (Tirmidhi, Darimi, Daraqutni).

32. If anyone buys a garment for ten dirhams among which one is unlawfully acquired, God most high will not accept prayer from him as long as he wears it. (Bukhari).

THOSE WHO ARE NOT ALLOWED TO BEG

33. He who begs the property of others to increase his own is asking only for live coals, so let him ask little as much.(Muslim).

34.It is better for one of you to take a rope, bring a load of firewood on his back, and sell it, God thereby preserving his self respect, than that he should beg from people whether they give him anything or refuse him. (Bukhari).

35. If anyone guarantees me that he will not beg from people, I will guarantee him paradise. (Abu Dawud, Nasa'i).

SPENDING

36. If you spend (to help others), O son of Adam! I [God] shall spend on you. (Bukhari, Muslim).

37. It is better for a man to give a dirham as Sadqa during his lifetime than to give a hundred at the time of his death.(Abu Dawud).

38. Do not consider any act of kindness insignificant, even meeting your brother with a cheerful face. (Muslim).

39. Sadqa given to a poor man is just Sadqa, but when given to a relative it serves a double purpose, being both Sadqa and a connecting link. (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Nasai, Ibn Majah, Darimi).

HOARDING

40. If anyone keeps goods till the price rises, he is a sinner. (Muslim).

41. He who brings goods for sale is blessed with good fortune, but he who keeps them till the price rises is accursed. (Ibn Majah, Darimi).

42. If anyone withholds grain for forty days thereby desiring a high price, has renounced God and God has renounced him. (Razin).

43. The man who withholds goods is evil. If God lowers prices he is grieved, and if He raises then he is happy. (Baihaqi).

INSOLVENCY AND RESPITE

44. He who grants a respite to one who is in straightened circumstances or who remits his debt, will be saved by God from the anxieties of the Day of Resurrection. (Muslim).

45. If anyone accepts others belongings meaning to pay back, God will pay back for him, but if anyone accepts them meaning to squander them, God will on that account destroy his property. (Bukhari).

46. Every fault but a debt will be forgiven to a martyr. (Bukhari).

47. A believer's soul is attached to his debt till it is paid. (Shafi'i, Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Darimi).

USURY

48. Gold is to be paid by gold, silver by silver, wheat by wheat, barley by barley, dates by dates and salt by salt, like for like, payment being made on the spot. If anyone gives more or asks for more, he has dealt in usury. The receiver and the giver are equally guilty. (Muslim).

49. A time is coming to mankind when only the receiver of usury will remain and if he does not receive it, some of its vapour will reach him. (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Nasai, Ibn Majah).

50. A dirham which a man knowingly receives in usury is more serious (a crime) than thirty-six acts of fornication. (Ahmad, Daraqutni).

51. When a man makes a loan to another, he must not accept a present. (Bukhari).

52. Even though usury be much it leads in the end to penury. (Ibn Majah, Baihaqi).

MARRIAGE

53. Young men, those of you who can support a wife should marry, for it keeps you from looking at strange women and preserves you from immorality, but those who cannot, should devote themselves to fasting, for it is a means of suppressing sexual desire. (Bukhari, Muslim).

54. The whole world is to be enjoyed, but the best thing in the world is a pious woman. (Muslim).

55. When a man marries, he has fulfilled half of the religion, so let him fear Go regarding the remaining half. (Bukhari).

56. After fear of God, a believer gains nothing better for him than a good wife who obeys him if he gives her a command, pleases him if he looks at her, is true to him if he adjures her to do something, and is sincere towards him regarding her person and his property if he is absent. (Ibn Majah.)

RIGHTS OF WIVES

57. When a woman observes the five time of prayers, fasts during Ramadan, preserves her chastity, and obeys her husband, she may enter by any of the gates of paradise she wishes. (Abu Nu'aim).

58. A believer must not hate his wife, and if he is displeased with one bad quality in her, then let him be pleased with one that is good in her. (Muslim).

59. Among the believers who show most perfect faith are those who have best disposition and are kindest to their families. (Tirmidhi).

DIVORCE

60. If any woman asks her husband for divorce without some strong reason, the odour of paradise will be forbidden for her. (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, Darimi).

61. The lawful thing God hates most is divorce. (Abu Dawud).

62. God has created nothing on the face of the earth more dearer to Him than emancipation, and God has created nothing on the face of the earth more hateful to Him than divorce. (Daraqutni).

THE OFFICES OF RULER AND QADI (QAZI)

63.The one who will be dearest to God and nearest to Him in the station on the Day of Resurrection will be a just imam and the one who will be most hateful to God on the Day of Resurrection, and will receive the severest punishment will be a tyrannical imam. (Tirmidhi).

64. A creature is not to be obeyed when it involves disobedience to the Creator. (Sharra-as-Sunna).

65. Do not ask for any high office, for if you are given it after asking, you will be left to discharge it yourself; if you are given it without asking you will be helped to discharge it. (Bukhari, Muslim).

66. He who has been ruler over ten people, will be brought in the Day of Resurrection, shackled till justice loosens his chains or tyranny brings him to destruction. (Darimi).

67. The most excellent jihad is when one speaks a true word in the presence of a tyrannical ruler. (Tirmidhi).

68. As you will be so will you have rulers put over you. (Baihaqi).

THE CONDUCT OF A QADI (QAZI)

69. No judge must give judgement between two people when he is angry. (Bukhari, Muslim).

70. If anyone who seeks the office of Qadi among Muslims till he gets it and his justice prevails over tyranny, will go to paradise; but the man whose tyranny prevails over justice will go to hell. (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).

71. God is with the Qadi as long as he is not tyrannical, but when he is tyrannical, He departs from him and the devil attaches himself to him. (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).

CASES AND DEPOSITIONS

72. If anyone swears a firm oath, acting wickedly thereby, and appropriates by it property belonging to a Muslim, God will be very angry when he meets Him on the Day of Resurrection. (Bukhari, Muslim).

73. The man who is most hateful to God is the one who quarrels and disputes most. (Bukhari, Muslim).

74. If anyone claims what is not his, he does not belong to us, and let him come to his seat in hell. (Muslim).

RETALIATION

75. A believer will continue to find ample scope in his religion as long as he does not kill anyone unlawfully. (Bukhari).

76. Shedding of blood will be the first matter about which judgement will be given on the Day of Resurrection. (Bukhari, Muslim).

77. If anyone kills a man who had made a covenant (anyone who belongs to a Non-Muslim community with whom a treaty of peace has been made, or a member of protected communities) will not experience the fragrance of paradise. (Bukhari).

78. God may forgive every sin, except in the case of one who dies a polytheist, or one who purposely kills a believer. (Abu Dawud, Nasai).

79. The passing away of the world would mean less to God than the murder of a Muslim man. (Tirmidhi, Nasai).

80. He who throws himself from a mountain and kills himself will be thrown down in the fire of hell and remain in it for ever and ever; he who sips poison and kills himself will have his poison in his hand will sip it for ever and ever in the fire of hell. (Bukhari, Muslim).

PRESCRIBED PUNISHMENTS

81. An unmarried man who commits fornication, should receive hundred lashes and be banished for a year. (Bukhari).

82. If you find anyone doing as Lot's people did, kill the one who does it and the one to whom it is done. (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).

83. Fornication will not appear among any people without their being punished by famine, and bribery will not appear among any people without their being punished by terror. (Ahmad).

84. God Who is Glorious will not look at a man who has intercourse with a man or a woman through the anus. (Tirmidhi).

CARE ABOUT WEAPONS

85. None of you must point a weapon at his brother for he does not know whether the devil may draw it out while it is in his hand as a result of which he will fall into a pit of hell. (Bukhari, Muslim).

86. If anyone points a piece of iron at his brother, the angels curse him till he puts it down, even if he is his brother who has the same father and mother. (Bukhari).

87. I [Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)] forbade that a sword which has been drawn should be handed to anyone. (Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud).

HOSPITALITY

88. He who believes in God and the Last Day should honour his guest; he who believes in God and the Last Day should not annoy his neighbours; and he who believes in God and the Last Day should say what is good or keep silent. (Bukhari, Muslim).

89. It is part of the Sunna that a man should accompany his guest to the door of the house. (Ibn Majah, Baihaqi).

90. He who believes in God and the Last Day should honour his guest. Provisions for the road are what will serve for a day and night; hospitality extends for three days; what goes beyond that is Sadqa; and it is not allowable that a guest should stay till he makes himself encumbrance. (Bukhari, Muslim).

91. Eat together and not separately, for the blessings is associated with the company. (Ibn Majah).

MANNERS OF EATING

92. Mention God's name, eat with your right hand and eat from what is next to you. (Bukhari, Muslim).

93. When any of you eats, he should eat with his right hand and when he drinks he should drink with his right hand. (Muslim).

94. I do not eat reclining. (Bukhari).

95. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) never expressed disapproval of food; if he desired it he ate it and if he disliked it he left it alone. (Bukhari, Muslim).

MANNERS OF DRINKING

96. God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to breathe three times in the course of a drink. (Bukhari, Muslim).

97. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) forbade that a man should drink standing. (Muslim).

98. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) forbade breathing or blowing into a vessel. (Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah).

99. Do not leave a fire burning in your houses while you are asleep. (Bukhari, Muslim).

VISITING THE SICK

100. Feed the hungry, visit the sick and free the captive. (Bukhari).

101. When you visit an invalid tell him to make a supplication for you, for his supplication is like of the angels. (Ibn Majah).

102. A Muslim has five duties towards another Muslim; to return a salutation, visit the sick, follow funerals, accept an invitation and say 'God have mercy on you' when one sneezes. (Bukhari, Muslim).

SALUTATIONS

103. There are six good qualities which one believer should display to another; he should visit him when he is ill, be present when he dies, accept his invitation when he gives one, salute him when he meets him, say 'God have mercy on you' when he sneezes and act sincerely towards him whether he is absent or present. (Nasai).

104. One who is riding should salute one who is walking, one who is walking should salute one who is sitting and a small company should salute a large one. (Bukhari, Muslim).

105. The God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) passed a mixed company of Muslims, polytheists who worshipped idols and Jews and he gave them a salutation. (Bukhari, Muslim).

106. Those who are nearest to God are they who are first to give a salutation. (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud).

107. When you go into your family, sonny, give a salutation. It will be a blessing both to you and to your family. (Tirmidhi).

STANDING UP

108. A man must not make another get up from his place and then occupy it himself, but you should spread out and make room. (Bukhari, Muslim).

109. If anyone gets up from where he has been sitting and comes back, he has no right to it. (Muslim).

110. It is not allowable for a man to come in between two people without their permission. (Tirmidhi).

GOODNESS AND THE CEMENTING OF RELATIONSHIP

111. One who cuts ties of relationship will not enter paradise. (Bukhari, Muslim).

112. The Lord's good pleasure results from a father's good pleasure, and the Lord's displeasure results from the father's displeasure. (Tirmidhi).

113. "Messenger of God, who is most deserving of friendly care from me?" He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) replied, "Your mother." He asked who came next, and He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) replied, "Your mother." He asked who came next and He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) replied, "Your mother." He asked who came next and He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) replied, "Your father." (Bukhari, Muslim).

114. "What rights can parents demand from their children?" He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) replied, "They are your paradise and your hell." (Ibn Majah).

115. By Him in Whose hand my soul is, a man does not believe till he likes for his brother what he likes for himself. (Bukhari, Muslim).

116. Those who are merciful have mercy shown them by the Compassionate One, if you show mercy to those who are in the earth, He Who is in heaven will show mercy to you. (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).

117. A Muslim is a Muslim's brother; he does not wrong him or abandon him. If anyone cares for his brother's need, God will care for his need; if anyone removes his brother's anxiety, God will remove from him one of the anxieties of the Day of Resurrection; and if anyone conceals a Muslim's secret, God will conceal his secret on the Day of Resurrection. (Bukhari, Muslim).

118. He does not belong to us who does not show mercy to our young ones and respect to our old ones, who does not recommend what is reputable and prohibit what is disreputable. (Tirmidhi).

119. The best house among the Muslims is the one which contains an orphan who is well treated, and the worst house among the Muslims is the one which contains an orphan who is badly treated. (Ibn Majah).

120. The believer is not the one who eats his fill when the neighbour beside him is hungry. (Baihaqi).

121. All creatures are God's children, and those dearest to God are the ones who treat His children kindly. (Baihaqi).

122. Touch an orphan's head and feed the poor. (Ahmad).

GUARDING AGAINST SLANDER AND ABUSE

123. If anyone guarantees me what is between his jaws and what is between his legs (i.e. he should not commit fornication), I shall guarantee him paradise. (Bukhari).

124. Reviling a Muslim is disobedience to God, and fighting with him is infidelity. (Bukhari, Muslim).

125. It is not fitting for an eminently truthful man to be a reviler. (Muslim).

126. A mischief maker will not enter paradise. (Bukhari, Muslim).

127. Adhere to truth, for truth leads to good deeds and good deeds leads him who does them to paradise. Falsehood is wickedness and wickedness leads to hell. (Muslim).

128. The great liar is not the one who puts things right between people, says what is good, and promotes what is good. (Bukhari, Muslim).

129. Woe to him who tells things, speaking falsely, to make people laugh thereby! Woe to him! Woe to him! (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Darimi).

130. Do you know the thing which most commonly brings people into paradise? It is fear to God and good character. Do you know what most commonly brings people to hell? It is the hollow things; the mouth and the private parts. (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).

131. Sufyan bin Abdullah ath Thaqafi told when he asked God's messenger what he feared most for him, he took hold of his tongue and said, "This." (Tirmidhi).

132. None of my companions must tell me anything about anyone, for I like to come out to you with no ill-feelings. (Abu-Dawud).

133. Coarse talk does not come into anything without disgracing it, and modesty does not come into anything without adorning it. (Tirmidhi).

134. If you guarantee me six things on your part, I shall guarantee you paradise: speak the truth when you talk, keep a promise when you make it, when you are trusted with something fulfill your trust, avoid sexual immorality, lower your eyes and restrain your hand from injustice. (Baihaqi).

BOASTING AND PARTY-SPIRIT

135.The one who is most honourable in God's estimation is the pious. (Bukhari, Muslim).

136. Do not eulogize me as the Christians eulogized the son of Mary, I am just His servant, so say, 'God's servant and His messenger.' (Bukhari, Muslim).

137. God has revealed to me that you must be humble, so that no one boasts over another, or oppresses another. (Muslim).

138. Wathila b. al-Asqa told that he asked God's messenger what party spirit was and he replied. "You help your people in wrongdoing. (Abu Dawud).

DISCARDING AND SEVERING OF THE BONDS OF FRIENDSHIP

139. It is not allowable for a man to keep apart from his brother for more than three days, the one turning away and the one turning away when they meet. The better of the two is the one who is first to give a greeting. (Bukhari, Muslim).

140. Avoid envy, for envy devours good deeds just as fire devours fuel. (Abu Dawud).

141. Accursed is he who harms a believer, or acts deceitfully towards him. (Tirmidhi).

142. To harbour good thoughts (about a brother) is a part of well-conducted worship. (Ahmad).

GENTLENESS MODESTY AND GOOD CHARACTER

143. He who is deprived of gentleness is deprived of good. (Muslim).

144. Righteousness is good character, and sin is that which revolves in your heart and which you do not want people to know. (Muslim).

145. I have been sent to perfect good character. (Muwatta, Ahmad).

146. Among the best of you [are they] who have the best character. (Bukhari, Muslim).

147. Modesty is part of faith and faith is in paradise, but obscenity is part of hardness of heart and hardness of heart is in hell. (Ahmad, Tirmidhi).

148. O God as Thou hast made my form beautiful so make my character beautiful. (Ahmad).

149. The believers whose faith is most perfect are those who have the best character. (Abu Dawud, Darimi).

TENDERNESS AND MERCY TOWARDS PEOPLE

150. God will not show mercy to him who does not show mercy to others. (Bukhari, Muslim).

151. "If anyone cares for two girls till they grow up, he and I will come on the Day of Resurrection thus," and he joined fingers. (Muslim).

152. "I and the one who takes responsibility for an orphan, whether his own kin or of others, will be in paradise thus," and he pointed his forefinger and the middle finger with a slight space between them. (Bukhari).

153. "Believers are to one another like a building whose parts support one other." He then interlaced his fingers. (Bukhari, Muslim).

LOVE FOR THE SAKE OF GOD

154. A good or bad companion is like one who carries musk and one who blows the bellow. The one who carries musk may give you some, or you may buy some from him, or you may feel a fragrance from him; but the one who blows the bellows might burn your clothing, or you may feel a bad smell from him. (Bukhari, Muslim).

CIRCUMSPECTION AND DELIBERATION IN AFFAIRS

155. A believer is not stung twice from the same hole. (Bukhari, Muslim).

156. You have two characters which God likes; gentleness and deliberation. (Muslim).

157. For one who does not stumble and no sage who does not have experience. (Ahmad, Tirmidhi).

158. Consider how a matter will turn out; than if you think its issue will be good carry on with it, but if you fear going astray hold back (Sharra-as-Sunna).

159. A good way of acting, a good manner of conduct and moderation are twenty-fifth part of prophecy. (Abu Dawud).

160. When a man tells something and then departs it is trust. (What he told should be treated confidential). (Muslim).

THE EXCELLENCE OF THE POOR AND THE PROPHET'S LIVELIHOOD

161. When one of you looks at someone who is superior to him in property and appearance, he should look at someone who is inferior to him. (Bukhari, Muslim).

162. Seek me among you weak ones, for you are given provision from God, God will be satisfied with few good deeds from him. (Baihaqi).

163. God loves His poor, believing servant who refrains from begging and yet has children. (Ibn Majah).

164. O God, grant me life as a poor man, cause me to die as a poor man, and resurrect me in the company of the poor.(Tirmidhi, Baihaqi).

165. Abu Dharr said: My friend ordered me to observe seven things. He ordered me to love the poor and be near them; he ordered me to consider my inferior and not consider my superior; he ordered me to join ties of relationship even when relatives are at a distance; he ordered me not to ask anyone for anything; he ordered me to speak the truth even when it is bitter; he ordered me not to fear for God's sake reproach anyone may cast on me; and he ordered me to repeat often, "There is no might and no power except in God," for these words are a part of the treasure under the throne. (Ahmad).

HOPE AND AVIDITY

166. The son of Adam becomes decrepit, but two things remain young in him: avidity for property and avidity for life. (Bukhari, Muslim).

167. When you go into your family, sonny, give a salutation. It will " The first thing which effects the well-being of this people is firm belief and asceticism, and the first thing which affects its corruption is niggardliness and (useless) hope. (Baihaqi).

168. God loves the pious rich man who is inconspicuous. (Muslim).

HYPOCRISY AND OSTENTATION

169. God does not look at your forms and possessions, but He looks at your hearts and your deeds. (Muslim).

170. When a man prays publicly in a good manner and prays secretly in a good manner, God most high says, "This is My servant indeed." (Ibn Majah).

ANGER AND PRIDE

171. The strong man is not the good wrestler; the strong man is only the one who controls himself when he is angry. (Bukhari, Muslim).

172. He is a bad man who is proud and puts on airs and forgets the Most Great and Sublime One. (Tirmidhi, Baihaqi).

173. He who has in his heart as much faith as a grain of mustard seed will not enter hell, and he who has in his heart as much pride as a grain of mustard seed will not enter paradise. (Muslim).

174. When one of you becomes angry while standing, he should sit down. If the anger leaves him, well and good; otherwise he should lie down. (Ahmad, Tirmidhi).

175. Abu Huraira reported God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) as telling that Moses' son Imran said, "My Lord, who is the greatest of Thy servant in Thy estimation?" and received the reply, "The one who forgives when he is in a position of power. (Baihaqi).

TRUST IN GOD AND ENDURANCE

176. Seventy thousand of my people will enter paradise without being taken to account. They are those who do not use spells or take omens, but put their trust in their Lord. (Bukhari, Muslim).

177. The strong believer is better and dearer to God than the weaker believer. In all that is good be eager for what benefits you, seek help in God, and be not too weak to do so. (Muslim).

178. Abu Dharr reported God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) as saying he knew a verse which would suffice men if they would but apply it, "For him who fears God He will appoint a way out and He will give him provision from an unimagined source. (Ahmad, Ibn Majah, Darimi).

179. Young man, if you are mindful about God He will be mindful of you, and if you are mindful of God you will find Him before you. When you ask for anything ask it from God, and if you seek help seek in God. Know that if the people were to unite to do you some benefit they could benefit you only with what God had recorded for you and that if they were to unite to do you some injury they could injure you only with what God had recorded for you. The pens are withdrawn and the pages are dry. (Ahmad, Tirmidhi).

OPPRESSION

180. God grants a respite to the oppressor, but when He finally seizes him, He will not let him escape. (Bukhari, Muslim).

181. Beware of the plea of the oppressed, for he asks God most high only for his due, and God does not keep one who has a right from receiving what is due. (Baihaqi).

182. If anyone walks with an oppressor to strengthen, knowing that he is an oppressor, he has gone forth from Islam. (Baihaqi).

183. Do not be a people without a will of your own saying: If others treat well you will also treat well and if they do wrong we will do wrong; but accustom yourselves to do good if people do good and do not do wrong if they do evil. (Tirmidhi).

184. Oppression will produce excessive darkness on the Day of Resurrection. (Bukhari, Muslim).

185. He who has done a wrong affecting his brother's honour, or anything else, must ask for his forgiveness for it now before he will have neither dinar or dirham. If he has any good deed to his credit it would be out of his credit that the measure of his wrongdoing would be deducted, but if he has done no good deeds it will be taken from the other's evil deeds and laid upon him. (Bukhari).

MANNERS OF TRAVELLING

186. If people knew what I know about the dangers of being alone, no rider would travel alone at night. (Bukhari).

187. God's messenger, Muhammad, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did not come to his family during the night, but was accustomed to enter only in the morning or in the evening. (Bukhari, Muslim).

188. God's messenger, Muhammad, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to arrive from a journey only in the daytime during the forenoon, and that when he arrived he went first to the mosque where he prayed two Raka's, after which he sat in it and gave audience to the people. (Bukhari, Muslim).

189. God's messenger, Muhammad, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to keep to the rear when travelling and urge on the weak. He would take some up behind him and would make supplication for them all. (Abu Dawud).

190. The Lord of the people on a journey is their servant, and he who precedes them in service will not be preceded by them on account of any deed but martyrdom. (Baihaqi).

THE PROPHET'S (PEACE AND BLESSINGS OF ALLAH BE UPON HIM ) CHARACTER

191. Anas said: I served the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) for ten years and he never said to me, "Shame!" or "Why you do such and such?" or "Why did you not do such and such." (Bukhari, Muslim).

192. Jabir said that when God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was asked for anything, he never said, "No." (Bukhari, Muslim).

193. A'isha said: God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to patch his sandals, sew his garments and conduct himself as anyone of you did in his house. (Tirmidhi).

194. Anas told that when a man had asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) for enough sheep to fill the valley between two mountains and had been given them, went to his people and said, "Accept Islam, my people, for I swear By God that Muhammad gives gifts to such an extent that there is no fear of poverty. (Muslim).

195. Anas said: God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was one of the men in character. One day he sent me to do something, and I said, "I swear by God that I will not go." But in my heart I felt I should go to do what God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) has commanded me, so I went out and came upon some boys who were playing in the street. All of a sudden God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) who had come up behind caught me by the back of the neck, and when I looked at him he was laughing. He said, "Did you go where I ordered you, little Anas?" "Yes, I am on my way, messenger of God." (Muslim).

196. Abu Huraira told that when God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was asked to invoke curse on the polytheists he replied, "I was not sent as one given to cursing; I was sent only as a mercy." (Muslim).

197. Al-Aswad told that he asked A'isha what the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) use to do in his house, she replied that he used to engage himself in Mihna i.e. the service of his family, and when the time for prayer came, he went out to prayer.(Bukhari).

198. Jabir b. Samura said God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was far from talkative. (He spoke only when he had a good reason for doing so). (Sharra-as-Sunna).

199. If anyone of you sees something objectionable, he should change it with his hand, but if he cannot, he should change it with his tongue, and if he cannot he should do it in his heart, that being the weakest form of faith. (Muslim).

200. Anas told that when God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) shook hands with a man, he did not withdraw his hand till the other did so, and he was not seen to put forward his knees in front of one with whom he was sitting.(Tirmidhi).

201. Hind, son of Khadija from her former husband, says about the Prophet (peace be upon him): "Kind of heart, he was nice and sweet-tempered. He never liked to displease or cause offence to anybody. He thanked even for trifling favours. He took whatever food was placed before him, without making any adverse remark. He never got angry for anything concerning his own person, nor did he think of taking revenge or letting down anybody, but if anyone opposed what was just and right, he used to get sore and helped the right cause with all his might." I [Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)] forbade that a sword which has " It is not allowable for a man to keep apart from his brother for more than three days, the one turning away and the on" (Tirmidhi).

202. Abdullah b. al-Harith b. Jaz said he had not seen no one more given to smiling than God's messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). (Tirmidhi).

203. Verily the creation of each one of you is brought together in his mother's belly for forty days in the form of a seed, then he is a clot of blood for a like period, then a morsel of flesh for a like period, then there is sent to him the angel who blows the breath of life into him and who is commanded about four matters to write down his means of livelihood, his life span, his actions, and whether happy or unhappy. By Allah, other than Whom there is no god, verily one of you behaves like the people of Paradise until there is but an arm's length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him and so he behaves like the people of Hell-fire and thus enters it; and one of you behaves like the people of Hell-fire until there is but an arm's length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him and so he behaves like the people of Paradise and thus enters it. (Bukhari, Muslim).

204. Actions are but by intention and every man shall have but that which he intended. Thus he whose migration was for Allah and His Messenger, and he whose migration was to achieve some worldly benefit or to take some woman in marriage was for that he for which he migrated. (Bukhari).

205. He who innovates something in which this matter of ours that is not of it will have it rejected. (Bukhari, Muslim).

206. He who does an act which our matter is not [in agreement] with, will have it rejected. (Muslim).

207. The believers whose faith " None of you [truly] believes until he wishes for his brother what he wishes for himself.(Bukhari, Muslim).

208. There should be neither harming nor reciprocating harm. (Ibn Majah and Daraqutni).

209. Hazrat Umar (Allah be pleased with him) said: One day while we were sitting with the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) there appeared before us a man whose clothes were exceedingly white and whose hair was exceedingly black; no signs of journeying were to be seen on him and none of us knew him. He walked and sat down by the Prophet (peace be upon him). Resting his knees against his and placing the palm of his hands on his thigh, he said: O Muhammad, tell me about Islam. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Islam is to testify that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, to perform the prayers, to pay the zakat, to fast in Ramadan, and to make the pilgrimage to the House if you are able to do so. He said: You have spoken rightly, and we were amazed at him asking him and saying that he had spoken right. He said: Then tell me about iman. The Prophet (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: It is to believe in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers and the Last Day, and to believe in divine destiny, both the good and evil thereof. He said: You have spoken rightly. He said: Then tell me about ihsan, The Prophet (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him ) said: It is to worship Allah as though you are seeing Him, and while you see Him not yet truly He sees you. He said then tell me about the Hour, The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The one questioned about it knows no better than the questioner. He said: Tell me about its signs. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and that you will see the barefooted naked, destitute herdsmen competing in constructing lofty buildings. Then he took himself off and I stayed for a time. Then the Prophet (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon) said: O Umar, do you know who the questioner was? I said: Allah and hid Messenger know best. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: It was Gabriel, who came to you to teach you your religion. (Muslim).

210. That which is lawful is plain and that which is unlawful is plain and between the two if them are doubtful matters about which not many people know. Thus he who avoids doubtful matters clears himself in regard to his religion and his honour, but he who falls into doubtful matters falls into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures around the sanctuary, all but grazing therein. Truly every king has a sanctuary, and truly Allah's sanctuary is His prohibitions. Truly in the body there is a morsel of flesh which, if diseased, all of it is diseased. Truly it is the heart. (Bukhari, Muslim).

211. What I have forbidden to you, avoid; what I have ordered you [to do], do as much of it as you can. It was only their excessive questioning and their disagreeing with their Prophets that destroyed those who were before you. (Bukhari, Muslim).

212. Leave that which makes you in doubt for that which does not make you doubt. (Tirmidhi, Nasai).

213. Part of someone's being a good Muslim is his leaving alone that which does not concern him. (Tirmidhi).

214. Fear Allah wherever you are, and follow up a bad deed with a good deed and it will wipe it out, and behave well towards people. (Tirmidhi).

215. Purity is half of faith. Al-hamdu lillah [Praise be to Allah] fills the scales, and Subhana 'llah [How far is Allah from every imperfection] and Al-hamdu lillah [Praise be to Allah] fill that which is between heaven and earth. Prayer is light; charity is a proof; patience is illumination; and the Quran is an argument for or against you. Everyone starts his day and is a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or bringing about its ruin. (Muslim).

216. I have been ordered to fight against people until they testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah and until he perform the prayers and pay the zakat, and if they do so, they will have gained protection from me for their lives and property, unless [they do acts that are punishable] in accordance with Islam, and their reckoning will be with Allah the Almighty. (Bukhari, Muslim).

217. Verily Allah has prescribed proficiency in all things. Thus, if you kill, kill well; and if you slaughter, slaughter well. Let each one of you sharpen his blade and let him spare suffering to the animal he slaughters. (Muslim).

218. There should be neither harming nor reciprocating harm. (Ibn Majah and Daraqutni).

219. Allah the Almighty is good and accepts only that which is good. Allah has commanded the Messengers, and the Almighty has said: "O ye Messengers! Eat of the good things and do right." And Allah has said: "O ye who believe ! Eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you." Then the Prophet (peace be upon him) mentioned [the case of] a man who, having journeyed far, is dishevelled and dusty and who spreads out his hands to the sky [saying]: O Lord! O Lord! - while his food is unlawful, his drink unlawful, his clothing unlawful, and he is nourished unlawfully, so how can he be answered! (Muslim).

220. Among the words people obtained from the First Prophecy are: If you feel no shame, then do as you wish. (Bukhari).

221. None of you [truly] believes until his inclination is in accordance with what I ((Muhammad), may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him ) have brought. (Kitab al-Hujja).

222. Righteousness is good morality, and wrongdoing is that which wavers in your soul and which you dislike people finding out about. (Muslim).

223. Allah the Almighty has laid down religious duties, so do not neglect them; He has set boundaries, so do not overstep them; He has prohibited some things, so do not violate them; about some things He was silent out of compassion for you, not forgetfulness, so seek not after them. (Daraqutni)

224. Each person's every joint must perform a charity every day they comes up: to act justly between two people is a charity; to help a man with his mount, lifting him onto it or hoisting up his belongings onto it is a charity; a good word is a charity; every step you take to prayers (i.e. on your way to the mosque) is a charity and removing a harmful thing from the road is a charity. (Bukhari, Muslim).

225. The blood of a Muslim may not be legally spilt other than in one of three [instances]: the married person commits adultery; a life for life; and one who forsakes his religion and abandons the community. (Bukhari, Muslim).

226. Were people to be given in accordance with their claim, men would claim the fortunes and lives of [other] people, but the onus of proof is on the claimant and the taking of an oath is the incumbent upon him who denies. (Al-Baihaqi).

227. Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "A man who harms a Muslim and deceives him, is accursed." (Tirmidhi).

228. Allah has pardoned for me my people for [their] mistakes and [their] forgetfulness and for what they have done under duress. (Ibn Majah, Baihaqi).

229. Allah has written down the good deeds and the bad ones. Then He explained it [by saying that] he who has intended a good deed and has not done it, Allah writes it down with Himself as a full good deed, but if he intended it and has done it, Allah writes it down with Himself as from ten good deeds to seven hundred times, or many times over. But if he has intended a bad deed and has not done it, Allah writes it down with Himself as a full good deed, but if he has intended it and has done it, Allah writes it down as one bad deed. (Bukhari, Muslim).

230. Do not envy one another; do not inflate prices one to another; do not hate one another; do not turn away from one another; and do not undercut one another, but be you. O servants of Allah, brothers. A Muslim is the brother of a Muslim: he neither oppresses him nor does he fail him, he neither lies to him nor does he hold him in contempt. Piety is right here-and the Prophet (peace be upon him) pointed to his breast three times. It is evil enough for a man to hold his brother Muslim in contempt. The whole of a Muslim for another is inviolable: his blood, his property and his honour. (Muslim).

231. Some of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said to the Prophet:(peace be upon him) O Messenger of Allah, the affluent have made off with the rewards: they pray as we pray, they fast as we fast, and they give away in charity the superfluity of their wealth. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Has not Allah made things for you to give away in charity? Truly every tasbiha is a charity every takbira is a charity, every tahmida is a charity and every tahlia is a charity; to enjoin a good action is a charity, to forbid an evil action is a charity and in a sexual act each of you there are a charity. They said: O Messenger of Allah, when one of us fulfils his sexual desire will he have some reward for that? The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Do you [not] think that were he to act upon it unlawfully he wold be sinning? Likewise, if he has acted upon it lawfully he will have a reward. (Muslim).

232. Allah the Almighty has said: Whosoever shows enmity to a friend of Mine, I shall be at war with him. My servant does not draw near to Me with anything more loved by Me than the religious duties I have imposed upon him, and My servant continues to draw near to Me with supererogatory works so that I shall love him. When I love him, I am his hearing with which he hears, his seeing with which he sees, his hands with which he strikes and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask [something] of Me, I would surely give it to him; and were he to ask me for refuge, I would surely grant him it. (Bukhari).

233.The son of Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both) use to say: At evening do not expect [to live till] morning, and at morning do not expect [to live till] evening. Take from your health for your illness and from your life for your death. (Bukhari).

234. A man came to the Prophet (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him ) and said: O Messenger of Allah, direct me to an act which, if I do it, [will cause] Allah to love me and people to love me. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Renounce the world and Allah will love you, and renounce what people possess and people will love you. (Ibn Majah).

HALAL AND HARAM

235. The halal is that which Allah has made lawful in His Book and haram is that which He has forbidden, and that concerning which He is silent He has permitted as a favour to you. (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).

236. I have been sent with what is straight and easy. (Ahmad).

237. Allah has prescribed certain obligations for you, so do not neglect them; He has defined certain limits, so do not transgress them; He has prohibited certain things, so do not do them; and He has kept silent concerning other things out of mercy for you and not because of forgetfulness, so do not ask questions concerning them. (Daraqutni).

238. Any innovation in our matter (worship) which is not part of it must be rejected. (Bukhari, Muslim).

239. If anyone amasses wealth through haram means and then gives charity from it, there is no regard for him and the burden of sins remains. (Ibn Khazimah, Ibn Hibban, Hakim).

240. A group of people will make people's intoxications halal by giving it other names. (Ahmad).

241.A hadith qudsi They prohibited to people what I had made lawful for I created people upright (hunafah). Then the evil ones came to them and led them astray from their religion and commanded them to associate with Me that for which I had sent down any authority.(Muslim).

242. A time will come when people will devour usury, calling it "trade." (Bukhari, Muslim).

243. Avoid three abominable acts (that is, the one who does them is cursed by Allah and by the people): defecating in streams, defecating on roadways, and defecating in shaded places. (Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah and Hakim, and classified as sahih by Baihaqi).

244. Actions will be judged by intentions, and everyone will be recompensed according to what he intended. (Bukhari).

245. Its water (the sea's) is pure and its dead are halal. (Ahmad).

246. By Allah, if Fatimah, the daughter of Muhammad, were to steal, I would have her hand cut off. (Bukhari).

247. If a person earns property through haram means and gives charity, it will not be accepted (by Allah): if he spends it there will be no blessing on it; and if he leaves it behind (at his death) it will be his provision in the Fire. Indeed Allah Ta'ala does not obliterate one bad deed by another bad deed, but He does cancel out a bad deed by a good deed. An unclean thing does not wipe away another unclean thing. (Ahmad).

SLAUGHTERING

248. Allah has ordained kindness (or excellence) in everything. If killing is to be done, do it in the best manner, and when you slaughter, do it in the best manner by first sharpening the knife, and putting the animal at ease. (Muslim).

249. If someone kills a sparrow for sport, the sparrow will cry out on the Day of Judgement, 'O Lord! That person killed me in vain! He did not kill me for any useful purpose. (Nisai).

250. Any part cut off a living animal is dead flesh. (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Hakim).

251. Whoever kills a sparrow or anything bigger than that without a just cause, Allah will hold him accountable on the Day of Judgement. The listeners asked, O Messenger of Allah, what is a just cause? He replied, That he will kill it to eat, not simply to chop off its head and then throw it away. (Nisai, Hakim).

252. When you set your dog (for the chase), mention the name of Allah, if he catches the game, and you reach it while it is still alive, cuts, its throat. (Bukhari, Muslim).

253. If you send your dog after the game, and it eats part of it, you should not eat of it, for the dog has hunted for itself and not for you; but if you send the dog and it kills the game without eating it, you can eat it, as it has caught it for its master. (Ahmad, Bukhari, Muslim).

INTOXICANTS

254. Every intoxicant is khamr and every khamr is haram. (Muslim).

255. Khamr is that which befogs the mind. (Bukhari, Muslim).

256. Of that which intoxicates in a large amount, a small amount is haram. (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).

257. If a bucketful intoxicates, a sip of it is haram. (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).

258. Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day must not sit at a table at which khamr is consumed. (Ahmad, Tirmidhi ).

259.If someone stockpiles grapes during harvest time and holds them in order to sell to a Jew or Christian or anyone else (even if he be a Muslim) who produces khamr, he will be leaping into the Fire with his eyes open. (Tabarani, Hafiz).

260.Truly Allah has cursed khamr and has cursed the one who produces it, the one for whom it is produced, the one who drinks it, the one who serves it, the one who carries it, the one for whom it is carried, the one who sells it, the one who earns from the sale of it the one who buys it, and the one for whom it is bought. (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).

261. Allah has sent down the disease and the cure, and for every disease there is a cure. So take medicine but do not use anything haram as medicine. (Abu Dawud).

CLOTHING AND ADORNMENT

262. Cleanse yourself, for Islam is cleanliness. (Ibn Hayyan).

263.Cleanliness invites towards faith, and faith leads its possessor to the Garden. (Tabarani).

264. If you can afford it, it is befitting that you wear garments other than your working clothes to Friday prayer. (Abu Dawud).

265. Do not wear silk, for those who wear it in this life shall not wear it in the Hereafter. (Bukhari, Muslim).

266. This is the dress [referring to a silken garment] of a man who has no character. (Bukhari, Muslim).

267. On the day of Resurrection, Allah will not look at the person who trails his robe behind him out of pride. (Bukhari, Muslim).

268. On the day of Resurrection, Allah will clothed the one who wears garments of fame with garments of humiliation. (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Nisai, Ibn Majah).

(The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam (arb: Al Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam) by. better than the questioner. He said: Tell me about its signs. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and that you will see the barefooted naked, destitute herdsmen competing in constructing lofty buildings. Then he took himself off and I stayed for a time. Then the Prophet (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon) said: O Umar, do you know who the questioner was? I said: Allah and hid Messenger know best. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: It was Gabriel, who came to you to teach you your religion. (Muslim).

269. "Anyone who has an atom of pride in his heart will not enter the Garden." A man then asked, "What about the one who likes to wear a handsome robe and good shoes?" The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied, "Surely Allah is beautiful and loves beauty." (Muslim).

270. Pride is to reject the truth and to view other people with contempt. (Abu Dawud).

271. Whoever eats or drinks from gold or silver utensils, is indeed filling his stomach with the fire of hell. (Muslim).

272. Assuredly the angels do not enter a house in which there are statues or figures. (Bukhari, Muslim, wording is from Muslim).

273. Among the people receiving the harshest punishment on the Day of Resurrection will be the makers of figures/the imitators of Allah's creation. (Bukhari, Muslim).

274. On the Day of Resurrection, the makers of a figure will be asked to breathe a spirit into it, and he will never be able to do so. (Bukhari and reported in others).

275. Do not glorify me in the same manner as the Christians glorify Jesus, son of Mary, but say, "He is a slave of Allah and His Messenger. (Bukhari and reported in others).

276.hadith qudsi Who does greater wrong than he who desires to create the like of what I create? Let them create an atom! Let them create a grain of barley! (Bukhari, Muslim).

277. Do not stand up as the Persians do, some people honouring the others. (Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah).

278. Do not make of my grave a site for festivals. (Abu Dawud).

279. O Lord, do not let my grave be made into an idol to be worshipped. (Malik).

280. Charity is halal neither for the rich nor for the able-bodied. (Tirmidhi).

281. He who begs without need is like a person holding a burning coal in his hand. (Baihaqi, Ibn Khazimah).

282. O people, say what you said previously or part of it, and do not let Satan mislead you. I am Muhammad, a slave of Allah and His Messenger. I do not like your raising my status above the status which Allah, the Mighty and Glorious, has given me. (Nisai).

283. Whoever keeps a dog except for hunting, guarding cattle and crops will lose one large measure (qirat) of his reward everyday. (Bukhari, Muslim).

284. A person keeps on begging until he meets Allah (on the Day of Resurrection) with no flesh on his face. (Bukhari, Muslim).

285. Anyone who begs from people in order to increase his wealth will have his face scratched on the Day of Resurrection, and will eat burning stones from hell; so let him reduce it (his punishment) or let him increase it as he pleases. (Tirmidhi).

286. Begging is similar to scratching the flesh off your face; so if someone wants to save his face he should avoid it, except for asking from the ruler or asking in case of dire need. (Abu Dawud, Nisai).

287. It is better that a person should take a rope and bring a bundle of wood on his back to sell so that Allah may preserve his honour, than that he should beg from people, (regardless of) whether they give to him or refuse him. (Bukhari, Muslim).

288. When a Muslim plants a plant or cultivates a crop, no bird or human being eats from it without its being accounted for as a (rewardable) charity for him. (Bukhari, Muslim).

289. When a Muslim plants a plant, anything eaten of it or stolen from it, until the Day of Resurrection, is accounted as charity for him. (Muslim).

290. If anyone plants a tree, patiently protects it and looks after it until it bears fruit, Allah the Mighty and Glorious will count as charity for him anything for which its fruits are used. (Ahmad).

291. If you deal in usury, calling it by other names, and hang onto the tails of cows, being satisfied with cultivation and ceasing to perform jihad, Allah will inflict a disgrace upon you which will not be removed until you return to your religion. (Abu Dawud).

292. Allah did not send a prophet without his having tended sheep. They asked, 'You too, O Messenger of Allah? He [Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)] replied, 'Yes, I tended sheep for wages for the people of Makkah.' (Bukhari).

293. No one earns his food better than the one who worked with his hands, and the prophet of Allah, David earned his food by working with his hands. (Bukhari and others).

294. Ibn Abbas said, "David was a maker of coats of mail and shields, Adam was a farmer, Noah a carpenter, Idris a tailor, and Moses a shepherd. (Hakim).

295. An honest and trustworthy merchant will be with the martyrs on the Day of Resurrection. (Ibn Majah, Hakim).

296. An honest and trustworthy merchant will be with the prophets, the truthful, and the martyrs. (Hakim, Tirmidhi).

297. Merchants will be raised up on the Day of Resurrection as wicked people, with the exception of those who fear Allah, do righteous deeds, and are truthful. (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Ibn Hibban, Hakim).

298. Woe to the rulers, the leaders, and the trustees! On the Day of Resurrection some people will wish that they could be suspended between heaven and earth rather than having had the burden of their responsibilities. (Ibn Hibban, Hakim).

299. Merchants beware of lying. (Tabarani).

300. On the Day of Resurrection Allah will not look at three (kinds of) persons nor purify them. One of them is the person who swears (to the truth) while lying about his merchandise. (Muslim and others).

301. A dirham of riba which a person consumes knowingly is worse than committing zina thirty-six times. (Ahmad).

302. There are three classes of judges, one of whom will be in the Garden and the other two in the Fire. The one who will be in the Garden is a man who knew the truth and judged accordingly. The one who knew the truth but misjudged and the one who judged for the people in the ignorance will be in the Fire. (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).

303. He who seeks the office of a judge, collecting recommendations, is left to himself, but for him who is compelled to accept it, Allah sends an angel to guide him. (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).

304. A person does not reach the rank of the God fearing (muttaqeen) until he abandons what is harmless out of fear that it may be harmful. (Tirmidhi).

305. Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day must never be in privacy with woman without there being a mahrem (of hers) with her, for otherwise Satan will be the third person (with them). (Ahmad).

306. Beware of entering where women are. A man from the Ansar asked, "O Messenger of Allah, what about the in-laws?". He (peace be upon him) replied, The in-laws is death." (Bukhari, Muslim).

307. The man's uncle is like his father. (Muslim)

308.The eyes also commit zina, and their zina is the lustful look. (Bukhari and others).

309. "Ali, (Ali ibn Abu Talib) do not let a second look follow the first. The first look is allowed to you but not the second." (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).

310. A man should not look at the awrah of another man, nor a woman of a woman, nor should a man go under one cloth with another man, nor a woman with another woman. (Muslim, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).

311. At first the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) prohibited people from going to public baths, but later allowed men to enter them wearing a lower garment. (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).

312. Do not prevent the bond-maids of Allah from (going to) Allah's mosques. (Muslim).

313. Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day must not enter the public bath without a lower garment (to cover his private parts), and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day must not let his wife go to the public bath. (Nisai, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).

314. "Beware of a building called the Public Bath." Some people said, "O Messenger of Allah, it certainly removes dirt and benefits the sick." He (peace be upon him) then said, "Then whoever enters should cover his nakedness. (Hakim).

315. The woman who perfumes herself and passes through a gathering is an adulteress. (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).

316. A woman who removes her clothes (i.e. goes naked) outside her husband's house tears down the veil (hijab) between herself and her Lord. (Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, Hakim).

317. Allah has permitted you [the women] to go out for your needs. (Bukhari).

318. If someone's wife asks his permission to go to the mosque, he should not deny it to her. (Bukhari).

319. Among lawful things divorce is most hated by Allah. (Abu Dawud).

320. What is haram by reason of genealogy is haram by reason of fosterage. (Bukhari, Muslim).

321. Young men, those of you who can support a wife should marry, for it keeps you from looking at women (lit., lowers your gaze) and preserves your chastity; but those who cannot should fast, for it is a means of cooling sexual passion. (Bukhari).

322. Three matters should not be delayed: salat when its time comes, burial when the funeral has arrived, and the marriage of a single woman when a man of equal status has proposed. (Tirmidhi).

323. There are three who have a right to help from Allah: the slave whose master has agreed to his buying his freedom when he wishes to pay the sum, and the one who fights in the cause of Allah. (Ahmad, Nisai, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Hakim).

324. I [Al-Mughira ibn Shu'bah] asked for a woman in marriage and Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) asked me whether I had looked at her. When I replied that I had not, he said, "Then look at her, for it may produce love between you." I went to her parents and informed them of the Prophet's advice. They seemed to disapprove of the idea. Their daughter heard the conversation from her room and said, "If the Prophet has told you to look at me, then look." I looked at her, and subsequently married her. (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah Ibn Hibban, Darimi).

325. When someone with whose religion and character you are satisfied asks for your daughter in marriage, accede to his request. If you do not do so there will be corruption and great evil on the earth. (Tirmidhi).

326. Anyone who has two wives and does not treat them equally will come on the Day of Resurrection dragging one part of his body which will be hanging down. (Ibn Habban, Hakim).

327. If it were not for the fear of retaliation on the Day of Resurrection, I would have beaten you [his servant] with this miswak (tooth-cleaning stick). (Ibn Sa'd).

328. There are three (persons) whose salat does not rise even a single span above their heads; a man leading a congregational salat while the people hate him, a woman passing the night while her husband is angry with her, and two quarrelling brothers. (Ibn Majah, Ibn Hibban).

329. Whoever wants to take an oath should take it in the name of Allah or keep silent. (Muslim).

330. Anyone who swears by (anything) other than Allah has committed shirk. (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Hakim).

331. If any woman asks her husband for a divorce without some strong reason, the fragrance of the Garden will be forbidden for her. (Abu Dawud).
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332. If someone claims a person as his father with the knowledge that he is not his father, the Garden will be forbidden to him. (Bukhari, Muslim).

333. The one who claims descent from someone other than his (real) father, and the slave who attaches himself to someone other than his (real) master, are cursed by Allah, His angels, and the people, Allah will accept neither repentance nor ransom from such person on the Day of Resurrection. (Bukhari, Muslim).

334. Wasting the sustenance of his dependents is sufficient sin for a man. (Abu Dawud, Nisai, Hakim).

335. Each one of you is a caretaker (ra'iy) and is responsible for those under his care. (Bukhari, Muslim).

336. Allah will ask every caretaker (ra'iy) about the people under his care, and the man will be asked concerning the people of his household. (Ahmad, Nisai and Abu Dawud).

337. The Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked: "What is the greatest sin?" He (peace be upon him) replied, "To ascribe divinity to someone else other than Allah, when He is the One Who created you." What next?" the Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked, "To kill your child out of fear that it will share your food," he (peace be upon him) replied. (Bukhari, Muslim).

338. When one of you asks for a woman in marriage, if he is able to look at what will induce him to marry her, he should do so. (Abu Dawud).

339. Hadhrat Ibn Mas'ood (Allah be pleased with him) and Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrate the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "There will dawn a time over people when the destruction of a man will be at the hands of his wife, parents, and children. They will humiliate him because of his poverty and will make such demands which will induce him to engage in such activities (to gain more money) which will finally destroy his Deen." (Baihaqi)

340. Verily, Allah sent Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) with truth and He sent down the Book upon him and the verse of stoning was included in what was sent down to him. We recited it, retained in our memory and understood it. Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) awarded the punishment of stoning to death (to the married adulterer and adulteress) and after him, we also awarded the punishment of stoning to death. I am afraid that, with the lapse of time, the people (may forget it) and may say: We do not find the punishment of stoning to death in the Book of Allah, and thus go astray by abandoning this duty prescribed by Allah. Stoning to death is a duty laid down in Allah's Book for married men and women who commit adultery when proof is established. (Muslim).

341. Abdullah b. Umar reported that a Jew and a Jewess were brought to Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) who had committed adultery. Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) came to the Jews and said: What do you find in Torah for one who commits adultery? They said: We darken their faces and make them ride on the donkey with their faces turned to the opposite direction (and their backs touching each other) and then they are taken round (the city). He said: Bring the Torah if you are truthful. They brought it and recited it until when they came to the verse pertaining to stoning, the person who was reading placed his hand on the verse pertaining to stoning, and read (only that which was) between his hands and what was subsequent to that. Abdullah b. Salam who was at that time with the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Command him (the reciter) to lift his hand. He lifted his hand and there was, underneath that, the verse pertaining to stoning. Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) pronounced judgement about both of them and they were stoned. Abdullah b. Umar said: I was one of those who stoned them, and I saw him (the Jew) protecting her (the Jewess with his body). (Muslim).

342. Allah the Almighty has said: O son Of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it. (Tirmidhi).

ETHICS

343. The Prophet (peace be upon him) use to say: "The best of you are those who have the best morals. (Bukhari)

344. Mu'aviyah ibn Jahimah reported, Jahimah came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said: "O Messenger of Allah! I intend that I should enlist in the fighting force and I have come to consult thee. He said "Hast thou a mother?" He said, "Yes." He said: "Then stick to her, for paradise is beneath her two feet. (Nisai).

345. Abu Huraira said, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "The most perfect of the believers in faith is the best of them in moral excellence, and the best of you are the kindest of you to their wives. (Tirmidhi).

346. Aswad said, I asked A'isha, "What did the Prophet (peace be upon him) do when in his house? She said, he served his wife, meaning that he did work for his wife. (Bukhari).

347. Anas said, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "Help thy brother whether he is the doer of wrong or wrong is done to him." They (his companions) said, "O Messenger of Allah! We can help a man to whom wrong is done, but how could we help him when he is the doer of wrong?" He said: "Take hold of his hands from doing wrong." (Bukhari).

348. Anas said reported, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "Do not hate one another and be not jealous of one another and do not boycott one another, and be servants of Allah (as) brethren; and it is not lawful for a Muslim that he should sever his relations with his brother for more than three days." (Bukhari).

349. A'isha reported, The Jews came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said, "Death overtake you! may Allah curse you and may Allah's wrath descend on you. He (the Prophet) said: "Gently, O A'isha! Be courteous, and keep thyself away from roughness. (Bukhari, Muslim, Mishkat).

350.Ibn Abbas said, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "He is not of us who does not show mercy to our little ones and respect to our great ones. (Tirmidhi, Mishkat).

SAHIH AL-BUKHARI (THE BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE)

351. Narrated Anas Ibn Masud (Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to take care of us in preaching by selecting a suitable time, so that we might not get bored. (He abstained from pestering us with sermons and knowledge all the time). (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

352. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Whomsoever Allah intends to do good, He gives right understanding of religion, and knowledge is maintained only through teaching." (Bukhari).

353. Abu Huraira said, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "The word of wisdom is the lost property of the believer, so wherever he finds it he has a better right to it." (Tirmidhi).

354.Narrated Abdullah bin Masud (Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "Do not wish to be like anyone except in two cases. (1) (The first is) A person, whom Allah has given wealth and he spends it righteously; (2) (the second is) the one whom Allah has given wisdom (the Holy Quran) and he acts according to it and teaches it to others." (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

355. Narrated Abu Wail (Allah be pleased with him): Abdullah used to give religious talk to the people on every Thursday. Once a man said, "O Aba Abdur-Rahman! (By Allah) I wish if you could preach us daily." He replied, "The only thing which prevents me from doing so, is that I hate to bore you, and no doubt I take care of you in preaching by selecting a suitable time just as the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to do with us, for fearing of making us bored." (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

356. Narrated Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "(Religious) knowledge will be taken away (by the death of religious scholars) ignorance (in religion) and afflictions will appear; and Harj will increase." It was asked, "What is Harj O Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) ?" He replied by beckoning with his hand indicating "killing." (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

357. Narrated Anas (Allah be pleased with him): Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) said: "From among the potents of the Hour are (the following): 1.Religious knowledge will be taken away (by the death of religious learned men). 2.(Religious) ignorance will prevail. 3.Drinking of Alcoholic drinks (will be very common). 4.There will be prevalence of open illegal sexual intercourse. (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

358. Narrated Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) There is none among the companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) who has narrated more Hadiths than I except, Abdullah bin Amr (bin Al-As) who used to write them and I never did the same. (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

359. Narrated Anas (Allah be pleased with him): Whenever the Prophet (peace be upon him) spoke a sentence (said something), he used to repeat it thrice so that the people could understand it properly from him and whenever he asked permission to enter, (he knocked the door) thrice with greeting. (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

360. Narrated Abu Musa (Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "The example of guidance and knowledge with which Allah has sent me is like abundant rain falling on the earth, some of which was fertile soil that absorbed rain water and brought forth vegetation and grass in abundance. (And) another portion of it was hard and held the rain water and Allah benefited the people with it and they utilized it for drinking, making their animals drink from it and for irrigation of the land for cultivation. (And) a portion of it was barren which could neither hold the water nor bring forth vegetation (then the land did not give any benefits). The first is the example of the person who comprehends Allah's religion and gets benefit (from the knowledge) which Allah has revealed through me (the Prophet) and learns and then teaches others. The last example is that of person who does not care for it and does not take Allah's guidance revealed through me (He is like the barren land)." (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

361. Narrated Anas (Allah be pleased with him): I will narrate to you a Hadith and none other than I will tell you about after it. I heard Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) saying: 1.Religious knowledge will decrease (by the death of religious learned men). 2.(Religious) ignorance will prevail. 3.There will be prevalence of open illegal sexual intercourse. 4.Women will increase in number and men will decrease in number so much that fifty women will be looked after by one man. (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

362. Narrated Anas (Allah be pleased with him): The fact which stops me from narrating a great number of Hadiths to you is that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "Whoever tells a lie against me intentionally, then (surely) let him occupy his seat in Hell-fire. (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

363. Narrated Salama (Allah be pleased with him): I heard the Prophet (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon) him) saying, "Whoever (intentionally) ascribes to me what I have not said then (surely) let him occupy his seat in Hell-fire. (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

364. Narrated Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him): I said: O Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) !, "Who will be the luckiest person, who will gain your intercession in the Day of Resurrection?" Allah's Apostle (may the blessings and peace of Allah be) upon him) said: O Abu Huraira! "I have thought that none will ask me about it before you as I know your longing for the (learning of) Hadiths. The luckiest person who will have my intercession on the Day of Resurrection will be the one who said sincerely from the bottom of his heart "None has the right to be worshipped but Allah." (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

365. Umar bin Abdul Aziz wrote to Abu Bakr bin Hazm, "look for the knowledge of Hadith and get it written, as I am afraid that religious knowledge will vanish and the religious learned men will pass away (die). Do not accept anything save the Hadiths of the Prophet may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). Circulate knowledge and teach the ignorant, for knowledge does not vanish except when it is kept secretly (to oneself). (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

366. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "The fornication of the eyes is to look with lust; the fornication of the tongue is to speak lustful things; the fornication of the hands is to touch with lust; the fornication of the feet is to walk towards lust; the fornication of the heart is to desire evil;..." (Muslim)

367. Narrated Abdullah bin Amr bin Al As (Allah be pleased with him): I heard Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) saying: "Allah does not take away the knowledge by taking it away from (the hearts of) the people, but takes it away by the death of the religious learned men till when none of the (religious learned men) remains, people will take as their leaders ignorant persons who when consulted will give their verdict without knowledge. So they will go astray and will lead people astray." (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

368. Abu Huraira said, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "People are like mines of silver and gold; the more excellent of them in the days of Ignorance are the more excellent of them in Islam when they attain knowledge. (Muslim, Mishkat).

369. Narrated Abdullah (Allah be pleased with him): While I was going with the Prophet (peace be upon him) through the ruins of Medina and he was reclining on a date-palm leaf stalk, some Jews passed by. Some of them said to the others; Ask him ( the Prophet (peace be upon him)) about the spirit. Some of them said that they should not ask him that question as he might give a reply which would displease them. But some of them insisted on asking, and so on of them stood up and asked, "O Aba-l-Qasim! What is the spirit?" The Prophet (peace be upon him) remained quiet. I thought he was being inspired Divinely. So I stayed till that state of the Prophet (while being inspired) was over. The Prophet (peace be upon him) then said, "And they ask you (O Muhammad (peace be upon him) ) concerning the spirit - Say: The spirit - its knowledge is with my Lord. And of knowledge you have been given but little." (17:85). (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

MARRIAGE

370.Jabir said, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "When one of you asksa woman in marriage, then if he is able that he should look into what invites him to have her in marriage, he should do it. (Abu Dawud).

371. Ibn Abbas said, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) sacrificed a ram each in the case of Hassan and Hussain. (Abu Dawud, Mishkat).

372. Abu Huraira reported, The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "A woman is married on account of four things; on account of her wealth, on account of (the nobility) of the family, and her beauty, and on account of her character. (Bukhari).

373.Ai'sha said, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "Make the marriage publicly known, and perform it in mosques and beat at it with duff. (Tirmidhi, Mishkat).

374. Ibn Umar reported, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "When one of you is invited to a marriage feast, he should go to it. (Bukhari).

375. Ali reported, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) forbade temporary marriage with women, and the eating of domestic donkeys, on the day of Khaibar. (Bukhari).

376. Umm Kurz said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) say: "In the case of a boy, two goats, and in the case of a girl, one goat (should be sacrificed). (Tirmidhi, Mishkat).

THE BOOK OF BELIEF (FAITH)

377. Narrated Abu Musa (Allah be pleased with him): Some people asked Allah's Apostle, (peace be upon him) "Whose Islam is the best? i.e. (Who is a very good Muslim)?" He replied, "One who avoids harming the Muslims with his tongue and hands." (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

378 Narrated Anas (Allah be pleased with him), the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "Whoever possesses the following three qualities will have the sweetness (delight) of faith: 1.The one to whom Allah and his Apostle becomes dearer than anything else. 2.Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah's sake. 3.Who hates to revert to Atheism (disbelief) as he hates to be thrown into the fire. (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

379. Narrated Anas (Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "Love for the Ansar is a sign of faith and hatred for the Ansar is a sign of hypocrisy. (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

380. Narrated Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him): Allah's Apostle (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said, "Whoever establishes the prayers on the night of Qadr out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah's rewards (not to show off) then all his past sins will be forgiven." (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

381. Narrated Ibn Abbas: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "I was shown the Hell-fire and that the majority of its dwellers were women who were ungrateful." It was asked, "Do they disbelieve in Allah?" (or are they ungrateful to Allah?) He replied, they are ungrateful to their husbands and are ungrateful for the favours and the good (charitable deeds) done to them. If you have always been good (benevolent) to one of them and then she sees something in you (not of her liking), she will say, 'I have never received any good from you.'" (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

382. Narrated Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him): Allah's Apostle (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said, "Whoever establishes the prayers during the nights of Ramadan faithfully out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah's rewards (not for showing off) all his past sins will be forgiven." (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

383. Narrated Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him): Allah's Apostle (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said, "Whoever observes fasts during the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping to attain Allah's rewards, then all his past sins will be forgiven." (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

384. Narrated Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him): Allah's Apostle (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said, "If anyone of you improves his religion then his good deeds will be rewarded ten times to seven hundred times for each good deed and a bad deed will be recorded as it is." (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

385. Narrated Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "Religion is very easy and whoever overburdens himself in his religion will not be able to continue in that way. So you should not be extremists, but try to be near to perfection and receive the good tidings that you will be rewarded; and gain strength by worshipping in the mornings, afternoons and during the last hours of the nights." (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

386. Narrated Umar (bin Al-Khattab) (Allah be pleased with him): Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) said, "The reward of deeds depends upon the intention and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. So whoever emigrated for Allah and His Apostle (peace be upon him) then his emigration was for Allah and his Apostle (peace be upon him). And whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration was what he emigrated for." (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

387. O my people! You have certain rights over your wives and so have your wives over you. They are the trust of Allah in your hands, So you must treat them with kindness. (Muslim).

388. Narrated Umar bin Al-Khattab (Allah be pleased with him). Once a Jew said to me, "O the chief of believers! There is a verse in your Holy Book which is read by all of you (Muslims), and had it been revealed to us, we would have taken that day (on which it was revealed) as a day of celebration." Umar bin Al-Khattab (Allah be pleased with him) asked, "Which is that verse?" The Jew replied, "This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, And have chosen for you Islam as your religion." (5:3) Umar (Allah be pleased with him) replied, "No doubt, we know when and where this verse was revealed to the Prophet (peace be upon him) . It was Friday and the Prophet (peace be upon him) was standing at Arafat (i.e. the Day of Hajj)." (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

THE SPLITTING OF THE MOON IN TWO PIECES

389. Narrated Anas bin Malik (Allah be pleased with him): The people of Mecca asked Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) to show them a miracle. So he showed them the moon split in two halves between which they saw the Hira mountain. (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol. 5).

AL-MIRAJ
Ascension of the Prophet (peace be upon him) to the heavens).

390. Narrated Anas bin Malik from Malik bin Sa'sa'a (Allah be pleased with him) that Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) described to them his Night Journey saying, "While I was lying in Al-Hatim or Al-Hijr, suddenly someone came to me and cut my body open from here to here." I asked Al-Jarud who was by my side, "It means from his throat to his pubic area," or said, "from the top of the chest." The Prophet (peace be upon him) further said, "He then took out my heart. Then a gold tray full of Belief was brought to me and my heart was washed and was filled (with Belief) and then returned to its original place. Then a white animal which was smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey, was brought to me." (on this Al-Jarud asked, "Was it the Buraq, O Abu Hamza?" I (i.e. Anas) replied in the affirmative). The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "The animal's step (was so wide that it) reached the farthest point within the reach of the animal's sight. I was carried on it, and Gabriel set out with me till we reached the nearest heaven. When he asked for the gate to be opened it was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has Muhammad been called?' Gabriel replied in affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went over the first heaven, I saw Adam there.

Gabriel said (to me), 'This is your father, Adam; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, 'You are welcomed, o pious son and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me till we reached the second heaven. Gabriel asked for the gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel answered in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went over the second heaven, there I saw Yaya (i.e. John) and Isa (i.e. Jesus), who were cousins of each other. Gabriel said (to me), 'These are John and Jesus; pay them your greetings.' So I greeted them and both of them returned my greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed, o pious brother and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the third heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went over the third heaven, there I saw Joseph. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is Joseph; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed, o pious brother and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fourth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went over the fourth heaven, there I saw Idris. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is Idris; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed, o pious brother and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fifth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went over the fifth heaven, there I saw Harun (i.e. Aron) Gabriel said (to me), 'This is Aaron; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed, o pious brother and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the sixth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. It was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went (over the sixth heaven), there I saw Moses. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is Moses; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed, o pious brother and pious Prophet.' When I left him (i.e. Moses) he wept. Someone asked, 'What makes you weep?' Moses said, 'I weep because after me there has been sent (as Prophet) a young man whose followers will enter Paradise in greater numbers than my followers.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the seventh heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. It was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!' So when I went (over the seventh heaven), there I saw Abraham. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is your father; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed, o pious son and pious Prophet.' Then I was made to ascend to Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (i.e. the Lote Tree of the farthest limit). Behold! Its fruits were like the jars of Hajr (i.e. a place near Medina) and its leaves were as big as the ears of elephants. Gabriel said, 'This is the Lote Tree of the farthest limit.' Behold! There ran four rivers, two were hidden and two were visible. I asked, 'What are these two kinds of rivers, O Gabriel?' He replied, 'As for the hidden rivers, they are two rivers in Paradise and the visible rivers are the Nile and the Euphrates.' Then Al-Bait-ul-Ma'mur (i.e.the Sacred House) was shown to me and a container full of wine and another full of milk and a third full of honey were brought to me. I took the milk. Gabriel remarked, 'This is the Islamic religion which you and your followers are following.' Then the prayers were enjoined on me: They were fifty prayers a day. When I returned, I passed by Moses who asked (me), 'What have you been ordered to do?' I replied, 'I have been ordered to offer fifty prayers a day.' Moses said, 'Your followers cannot bear fifty prayers a day, and by Allah, I have tested people before you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israil (in vain). Go back to your Lord and ask for reducing your followers' burden.' So I went back, and Allah reduced ten prayers for me. Then again I came to Moses, but he repeated the same as he had said before. Then again I went back to Allah and He reduced ten more prayers. When I came back to Moses he said the same, I went back and Allah and He ordered me to observe ten prayers a day. When I came back to Moses, he repeated the same advice, so I went back to Allah was ordered to observe five prayers a day. When I came back to Moses, he said, 'What have you been ordered?' I replied, 'I have been ordered to observe five prayers a day.' He said, 'Your followers cannot bear five prayers a day, and no doubt, I have got an experience of the people before you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israil, so go back to your Lord and ask for reducing your followers' burden.' I said, 'I have requested so much of my Lord that I feel ashamed, but I am satisfied now and surrender to Allah's order.' When I left, I head a voice saying, 'I have passed My Order and have reduced the burden of My Worshippers.'" (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 5).

WOMEN IN ISLAM

391. Reported from Anas b. Malik, the Prophet said: "Girls are models of affection and sympathy and a blessing to the family. If a person has one daughter, God will screen him from the fire of hell owing to his daughter; if he has two daughters, God will admit him to paradise; if he has three, God will exempt him from the obligation of charity and Jehad." (Kanz al-Ummal:277).

392. Abu Hurairah says, "The Prophet of God said that if a person has three daughters whom he provides for and brings up, God will surely reward him with paradise." (Kanz al-Ummal).

393. According to Abdullah ibn Mas'ud, the Prophet is reported to have said; "If a daughter is born to a person and he brings her up, gives her a good education and trains her in the arts of life, I shall myself stand between him and hell-fire. (Kanz al-Ummal).

394. Ibn Abbas reported that a virgin grown-up girl came to the Prophet of Allah and narrated that her father had given her in marriage to a person whom she disliked. The Prophet gave her option. (Abu Dawud).

395. Khansa' b. Khidham reported that her father gave her in marriage, after she had became a widow. She disliked it and came to the Prophet. He annulled the marriage. (Bukhari).

396. According to Ayeshah, the Prophet's wife, he said about women: "They are like pleasing roses." (Kanz al-Ummal).

397. Man is the ruler in his home. He will be held responsible for the conduct of his dependents, and woman is the ruler in her husband's home. She will also be held responsible for the conduct of her dependents. (Bukhari).

398. A person who has a female slave in charge and takes steps to give her a sound education and trains her in arts and culture, and then frees her and marries her, he will be doubly rewarded. (Sahih Bukhari, Kitab al-Nikah).

399. A report from Bahz b. Hakim states: I inquired the Prophet (peace be upon him) about hi teaching in respect of women. He replied: "Feed them as you feed yourselves, clothe them as you clothe yourselves, and do not beat or scold them." (Kanz al-Ummal).

400. According to a report from Abdullah b. 'Umar, the Prophet (peace be upon him) declared: "The whole world is a thing to be made use of and the best thing in the world is a virtuous wife." (Muslim).

401. Ayeshah praised the women of Ansar for their spirit of enquiry and learning, saying, 'How praiseworthy are the women of Ansar that their modesty does not prevent them from attempts at learning and the acquisition of knowledge.' (Sahih Muslim Kitab al Tahrat).

402. Umar, the Second Caliph, says, 'When a person marries a woman, and the woman stipulates that she would not be taken out of the town or city, of her residence, it is necessary for the husband to abide by the stipulation.' (Tirmidhi p. 385).

403. Ali, the Fourth Caliph, say: 'The conditions laid down by God take precedence over the conditions set by man.' (Ahmad).

404. A report from Ibn Abbas states that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: 'A previously married woman is more a guardian for herself than her guardian and a virgin should be asked permission about herself, and her permission is her silence.' (Muslim).

405. Abu Hurairah reports that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: 'A grown-up girl shall be asked permission about herself. If she is silent, it is her permission; and if she declines, there shall be no compulsion on her.' (Muslim).

406. Ibn Abas reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) declared: 'Those women are adulteresses who marry themselves without the presence of witnesses.' (Tirmidhi).

407. Ibn Umar says: 'Uthman b. Mazu'um left behind a young daughter. My uncle, Qudamah, married her to me, and did not even consult her. When the girl came to know this, she disliked this marriage and she wished to marry Mughirah b. Shu'bah. So she was married to Mughirah. (Ibn Majah).

408. Ayeshah, says, 'A girl came and stated that her father had given her in marriage to his nephew and she disliked him. I told her to wait till the Prophet arrived. When the Prophet came, I told him the full story of the girl. He at once sent for the father of the girl and enquired whether the facts stated were true, after which he told the girl the she was at liberty to choose or repudiate her husband. The girl replied that she chose to retain her marriage, and she wanted only to know whether women had the rights in the matter.' (Nasai).

409. Ayeshah said, the Prophet (peace be upon him) of God declared: 'Marriage of a woman is invalid without there being a guardian.' (Tirmidhi Kitab al-Nikah).

410. Ayeshah, the wife of the Prophet (peace be upon him), reports: The Prophet (peace be upon him) of God said: 'The best of you is he who is best to his wife.' (Tirmidhi).

411. A report from Abu Hurairah says: 'No believer should be angry towards his wife. If some of her qualities are displeasing, there will be many other qualities worth appreciation.' (Nail al-Autar).

412. The Angel of God advised me so many times about women that I became convinced that it is not lawful for a man to divorce his wife, except when she commits adultery. (Irshad al-Muhtaj, Huquq al-Azwaj).

413. According to a report from Anas b Malik, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: 'Girls are models of affection and sympathy and a blessing to the family. If a person has one daughter, God will screen him from the fire of hell owing to his daughter; if he has two daughters, God will admit him to Paradise; if he has three, God will exempt him from the obligations of charity and Jihad. (Kanz al-Ummal).

THE PRAYER (SALAT)

414. According to Utham, may God be pleased with him, the blessed Prophet (peace be upon him) said: 'To perform the late evening Prayer, (Isha), in congregation is equivalent to spending half the night in vigil, while to perform the dawn Prayer, (Fajr), in congregation is like keeping vigil throughout the night. (Muslim).

415. Said the Prophet,(peace be upon him): 'The five set Prayers may be compared to a stream of fresh water, flowing in front of your house, into which you plunge five times each day. Do you think that would leave any dirt on your body?' When they replied: 'None at all!' The Prophet, on him be peace, said: 'Indeed the five Prayers remove sins, just as water removes dirt.' (Muslim).

416. Said the Prophet, (peace be upon him): 'On the Day of Resurrection, three people will find themselves on the ridge of black musk. They will have no reckoning to fear, nor any cause for alarm while human accounts are being settled. First, a man who recites the Quran to please God, Great and Glorious is He, and who leads the Prayer to people's satisfaction. Second, a man who gives the Call to Prayer in a Mosque, inviting people to God, Great and Glorious is He, for the sake of His good pleasure. Third, a man who has a hard time making a living in this world, yet is not distracted from the work of the Hereafter.' (Tirmidhi).

ALMSGIVING (ZAKAT)

417. Said the Prophet (peace be upon him): 'The most meritorious form of Almsgiving is the effort to help a poor man, made in secret, by one who is himself of little means.' (Ahmad).

418. Seven will God shade on the day when there will be no shade but the shade of His Throne: one of them is a man who offers Alms without his left hand knowing what his right hand has given. (Bukhari, Muslim).

419. Blessed is the servant who spends out of the wealth he has earned without sin. (Ibn Adi, Bazzar).

STATUS OF WOMAN IN ISLAM

420. Act kindly towards women, for they were created from a rib and the most crooked part of the rib is its top. If you attempt to straighten it you will break it, if you leave it alone it will remain crooked: so act kindly towards women. (Bukhari, Muslim).

421. Paradise lies under the feet of the mother. (Nasai).

422. Advice and warning rendered by Hazrat Umar, the second caliph: "Beware! don't make a heavy dower of women. Had it been a cause of honour in the world and piety near Allah, the Holy Prophet would have been the first about it. I did not know whether the Holy Prophet married any of his wives and got his daughters married for more than 12 auqiahs. (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Abu Daud, Nasai, Ibn Majah).

THE TRUE QUALITY OF A GOOD WIFE

423. Thauban reported that the Messenger of Allah said: "The best of the property is a remembering tongue (about Allah), and a grateful heart and a believing wife who helps him in his faith." (Ahmad, Ibn Majah).

424. Hazrat Aishah (R.A.) told that Allah's Messenger said to her, "If you wish to join me (in the Hereafter), be satisfied with worldly things to the extent of a rider's provision, avoid sitting with the rich, and do not consider a garment worn out till you patch it." (Tirmidhi).

425. Hadrat Anas reported that the Holy Prophet had said: "For the woman her husband is Paradise as well as Hell." (Ahmad, Nasai).

426. Imran bin Hussain reported Allah's Messenger as saying, "The perfume used by men should have an odour, but no colour, and the perfume used by women should have colour but no odour." (Abu Daud).

427. Abu Musa reported Allah's Messenger as saying, "Every eye is adulterous (when it cast glances with lust on strange women) and when a woman perfumes herself and passes a company, she is such and such." -meaning adulterous. (Tirmidhi).

428. Hadrat Aisha reports that she asked the Holy Prophet whose right was greatest on the woman and the Holy Prophet said: Husband's. Then she asked: Whose right was the greatest on man and the Holy Prophet said: His mother's. (Bazaz, Hakim).

429. Hadrat Ibn Umar reported that the Holy Prophet had said: "Allah would not like even to look at the woman who is not thankful to her husband." (Nasai).

430. Hazrat Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) reported that the Messenger Of Allah said: " When a wife spends food of her house without spoiling there is for her its reward for what she gives away and there is also a reward for her husband for what he earns, and the like (reward) for the storekeeper - none of them diminishing aught from the reward of another." (Bukhari).

431. A hadith related by Hadrat Anas says that the Holy Prophet observed: "When the following five evils shall creep into my Ummah, it will then be destroyed: (i) invoking curses on one another (ii) use of liquor on large scale (iii) wearing of silken clothes (iv)increased number of dancing girls and their frequent entertainment shows in large gatherings. (v)when man shall engage in sexual intercourse with males and women shall engage in sexual acts with other females i.e. sodomy and homosexuality." (Baihaqi).

HOW ESSENTIAL IS HIJAB (VEIL)

432. Ibn Masud reported the Messenger of Allah as saying: "A woman is an object of concealment for when she goes out the devil presents her in alluring looks before men." (Tirmidhi).

433. There are three types of eyes whom hell fire will not touch - the eye which keeps itself shut from the things forbidden by Allah, the eye which guards the frontiers of Islam and remains open to keep vigil over it and the eye which constantly sheds tears out of Allah's fear. (Tirmidhi).

434. The fornication of the eyes consists of looking, of ears in hearing, of the tongue in speech, of the hand in violence and of the foot in walking. The heart lusts and wishes and the private parts accord with that or reject it. (Muslim).

WEALTH AND WOMEN ARE A GREAT TRIAL

435. Abu Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allah said: "Wealth is not in vast riches but wealth is in self-contentment." (Bukhari, Muslim).

436. Two hungry wolves do not do so much havoc to a flock of sheep as greed and desire do to one's religion. (Tirmidhi).

437. Abu Umama reported that the Prophet as saying, "The most enviable of my friends in my estimation is a believer with little property who finds pleasure in prayer, who performs the worship of his Lord well, who obeys Him in secret, who is obscure among men, who is not pointed out by people, and whose provision is bare sufficiency with which he is content." He then snapped his fingers and said, "His death will come speedily, the women who bewail him will be few and what he leaves will be little." (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).

438. Umar reported the Prophet saying, "Whenever a man is alone with a woman the devil makes a third." (Tirmidhi).

439. Do not call on women in the absence of their husbands, because Satan might be circulating in any one of you like blood. (Tirmidhi).

440. Abu Said a-Khudri reported Allah's Messenger as saying, "the world is sweet and verdant, and Allah having put you in it in your turn watches how you act; so fear the world and fear women, for the trial of the Bani Israel had to do with woman." (Muslim).

HUSBAND-WIFE SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP

441. Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said: "If anyone amongst you intends to go to his wife he should say: In the name of Allah, O Allah, ward us against Satan and keep away the Satan from the one that you have bestowed upon us, and if He has ordained a male child for them, Satan will never be able to harm him." (Bukhari, Muslim).

442. Abu Said a-Khudri reported Allah's Messenger as saying, "The most important of the trusts in the sight of Allah in the Day of Judgement is that a man goes to his wife and she goes to him (and the breach of trust is) that he should divulge her secret." (Muslim).

443. Abu Dharr reported that the Messenger of Allah told his companions that "...in man's sexual intercourse (with his wife) there is Sadqa (charity)." They (the companions) said: Messenger of Allah, is there a reward for him who satisfied his sexual passion among us? He said: Tell me, if he were to devote it to something forbidden, would it not be a sin on his part? Similarly, if he were to devote it to something lawful, he should have a reward." (Muslim).

444. Hazrat Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) said: "I never looked at (or, I never saw) Allah's Messenger's private parts." (Ibn Majah).

445. Ibn Abbas reported: "It was revealed to the Messenger of Allah: your wives are a tilth for you. So come to your tilth as you like; come from the front and back, and guard against the rectum and menstruation." (Ibn Majah, Tirmidhi).

ACQUISITION OF AND IMPARTING DEENI KNOWLEDGE

446. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "The noblest charity is that a Muslim acquires some knowledge (of the Deen) then imparts it to a brother Muslim." (Ibn Majah).

447. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "no one has given his children anything better than adab (which in this context refers to Denni knowledge)." (Tirmidhi, Baihaqi).

448. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "O Abu Zarr (a Sahaabi) if you go anywhere to learn one ayaat of the Qur'aan, it is better for you than a hundred rakaats (Nafal) Salaat; if you go anywhere to acquire one law of the knowledge (of Deen), it is better for you than performing a thousand rakaats (Nafal) Salaat, irrespective of whether you practised on it (the knowledge) or not." (Ibn Majah).

TAKING SPECIAL CARE TO FULFIL THE RIGHTS OF MUSLIMS

449. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "On the Day of Qiyaamah, the one in the vilest of conditions will be a two-faced person. He says one thing (in favour) of one person and then another thing (in regard to the same affair) to another person." (Bukhari, Muslim).

450. Hadhrat Sufyaan Ibn As'ad Khadrami (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that he heard Muhammad (peace be upon him) say: "Indeed it is an act of the greatest abuse of trust if you tell a Muslim brother something which is false while he believes that you are telling him the truth." (Abu Dawud).

451. Hadhrat Muaaz (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Whoever taunts a brother (Muslim) with a sin (which the Muslim has committed), will not die until he (the taunter) commits the same sin." (Tirmidhi).

452. Hadhrat Abdur Rahman Ibn Ghanam and Asma Bint Yazeed (Allah be pleased with them) narrate that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "The worst among the servants of Allah are those who gossip and create rifts between friends." (Tirmidhi).

453. Hadhrat Ibn Abbaas (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Do not unnecessarily dispute with a brother (Muslim) nor joke with him in such a way which displeases him. Do not promise him something which you cannot fulfil." (Tirmidhi).

454. Hadhrat Zaid bin Arqam (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that according to Muhammad (peace be upon him) one who has the intention of fulfilling a promise but fails because of some real reason is not guilty of sin. (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).

455. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Despising a Muslim is a sufficient evil in a man." (Muslim).

456. All things of a Muslim are sacred and to be honoured by other Muslims. His life, property and honour must be respected. (Muslim).

457. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Every man is a mirror to his brother (Muslim)." (Tirmidhi).

458. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "A Mu'min (Believer) is the repository of love. There is no goodness in a man who does not have love for anyone nor does anyone love him." (Ahmad, Baihaqi).

459. Hadhrat Anas (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "He who fulfils a need of a person in order to give him pleasure, has given me pleasure; whoever has given me pleasure has given Allah pleasure, He will give him Jannat." (Baihaqi).

460. Hadhrat Anas (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Seventy three acts of pardon (Maghfirat) are recorded for a person who aids a man in difficulty. Of these (seventy three pardons) one is sufficient for the rectification of all his affairs. The other seventy two will serve as means for the acquisition of lofty stages in the Aakhirah." (Baihaqi).

461. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Whenever a Muslim visits a sick brother (Muslim) or merely goes to meet his brother, then Allah says: 'You are holy; your walking is holy; you have arranged your abode in Jannat.'" (Tirmidhi).

462. Hadhrat Abu Ayyub Ansaari (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "It is not lawful for a Muslim to sever his ties with another Muslim for more than three days, in such a way that when they meet, the one who turns his face one way and the one other turns his face the other way. The better of these two is the one who makes Salaam first." (Bukhari, Muslim).

463. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "refrain from suspicion. The worst of lies is suspicion (thinking ill of others on mere supposition). Do not pry into the private affairs of others. Do not bid a higher price (for any object of sale) with the intention to deceive (and not to buy). Do not have jealousy for one another nor entertain malice for each other. Do not scandal (gheebat). Fear Allah! All servants (of Allah) should live like brothers." (Bukhari, Muslim).

464. Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "A man who harms any Muslim and deceives him, is accursed." (Tirmidhi).

FASTING

465. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Allah Ta'Ala has ordained fasting in Ramadhan compulsory, and I have decreed (by the command of Allah) wakefulness at night (i.e. Taraweeh, etc.) Sunnat. Whoever in the state of Imaan and the belief of thawaab fasts in Ramadhan and stays awake at night (i.e. for taraweeh), emerges from sin, purified as the day when his mother gave birth to him." (Nisai).

466. Hadhrat Abu bin Umar (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Fasting and the Qu'ran will intercede on behalf of one on the Day of Qiyaamah. The Fast will proclaim: 'O Allah! I prevented him from eating at carnal desire. Therefore for my sake accept my intercession on his behalf.' The Qu'ran will proclaim: 'I prevented him from sleep. Therefore accept my intercession on his behalf.' The intercession of both will be accepted." (Ahmad, Tibrani, Hakim).

467 Hadhrat Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with him) narrates, in a lengthy hadith, that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Fasting is exclusively for Allah Ta'ala. The thawaab of it (being limitless) no one knows besides Allah Ta'ala." (Tibrani, Baihaqi).

468. Hadhrat Abu Saeed Khudri (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "The doors of the Heavens are opened up on the first night of Ramadhan. Not a single Door (among the Doors of Heaven) is then closed until the last night of Ramadhan. For every Salaat performed (this refers to Taraweeh Salaat) during the nights of Ramadhan, Allah Ta'ala records one and a half thousand good deeds for every Sajdah (of the Salaat). And, for the fasting person, Allah Ta'ala creates in Jannat a mansion of red Ya'koot (a precious stone in Jannat). This mansion will have seven thousand entrances. (So huge will these entrances be that in each entrance will be located) a palace of gold adorned with red Ya'koot. When the Muslims fast the first day if Ramadhan, Allah Ta'ala forgives all his sins committed from the first of the previous Ramadhan. Daily (i.e. during Ramadhan) from the time of Fajr Salat until sunset, seventy thousand Malaaikah supplicate for his forgiveness. In return for every Sajdah which he (the fasting person) makes, of any Salat, whether during the day or night, he will obtain (such a wonderful) tree (so huge) that a horseman will take five hundred years to pass under its shade." (Baihaqi).

469. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Fasting is a shield and a powerful fortress." (Ahmad, Baihaqi).

470. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Keep fasting and you will remain healthy." (Tibrani).

471. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Every person has a zakaat (to pay) and the zakaat of the body is fasting." (Ibn Majah).

472. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) in a lengthy hadith, narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "I swear by That Being in Whose possession is the life of Muhammad! The odour of the mouth of a fasting person is sweeter to Allah Ta'ala than the fragrance of musk." (Bukhari).

HAJJ

473. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Allah Ta'ala accepts the dua of one who performs Hajj and Umrah and if he seeks forgiveness. Allah Ta'ala forgives him." (Mishkaat).

474. Hadhrat Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Making Tawaaf of Baitullah, to walk between Safa and Marwah and to pelt stones (at the Jimmar) have been ordained for establishing the remembrance of Allah Ta'ala." (Abu Dawud).

475. Hadhrat Aabis Bin Rabeeah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that once Hadhrat Umar (Allah be pleased with him) after kissing Hajr-e-Aswad (the Black Stone) said: "I know you are a stone. You can neither benefit me nor harm anyone. If I did not see Muhammad (peace be upon him) kissing you, I would not have kissed you." (Abu Dawud).

476. Hadhrat Ibn Mas'ood (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad said: "Unite Hajj and Umrah (during Hajj period). Both (acts of Ibaadat) eliminate poverty and sins in a similar way in which the impurities of gold, silver and iron are eliminated. The reward of Hajj which was performed correctly is nothing other that Jannat." (Mishkaat).

477. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Whoever sets out for Hajj, Umrah or Jihad but dies on the journey (before being able to render these obligations), Allah Ta'ala records for him the thawaab of the ghazi (one who returns victorious from the Jihaad field) and the thawaab of one who has performed the Hajj and Umrah." (Mishkaat).

478. Hadhrat Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad said: "The one who after Hajj visits me after my death (i.e. the Holy Raudah) is like one who has visited me while I was alive." (Mishkaat).

INCOME AND EXPENDITURE

479. Hadhrat Abdullah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "The seeking of a halal earning is the (next) Fardh (duty) after the Fardh (Salat)." (Baihaqi).

480. Hadhrat Mugheerah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Allah Ta'ala detests that you destroy wealth (i.e. by means of wasting)." (Bukhari, Muslim).

481. Hadhrat Abu Khimari (Allah be pleased with him) narrates a lengthy hadith in which Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "The world is of four (types) of persons, (one among the four) is a man whom Allah Ta'ala granted wealth as well as understanding of the Deen. He fears his Raab and is kind (and renders service) to his relatives. And, in regard to the wealth he follows the commands of Allah and discharges rights. This man is the noblest..." (Tirmidhi).

ABSTAINING FROM SIN

482. Hadhrat Ka'b Bin Malik (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad said: "Two hungry wolves let loose in a flock of sheep do not cause so much damage to the flock as does the love of wealth and vanity to one's Deen." (Tirmidhi, Darimi).

483. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "When a Mum'in sins, a black spot forms on his heart. If he makes isitighfaar and taubah, the black mark is removed and his heart is purified. If he increases his sin, the black mark increases. This is the corrosion of the heart spoken by Allah Ta'ala (in the Qur'an)." (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah)

484. Hadhrat Abdullah Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) cursed the taker and giver of bribery. (Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, Tirmidhi).

485. Hadhrat Anas Bin Malik (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Should I not show you your sickness and its remedy? Your sickness is sinning and your remedy is to seek forgiveness (istighfaar)." (Baihaqi).

486. Hadhrat Ibn Abaas (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "When khiyaanat (abuse of trust) becomes rampant in a people, Allah Ta'ala overwhelms their hearts with fear. A nation perpetrating injustice will be overpowered by its enemies." (Malik).

487. Hadhrat Thaubaan (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "There will soon come a time when all nations (of the kufaar) will unite against you ( Muslims)..." Someone asked: "Will we be less in numbers at that time?" Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: 'In fact, you will be numerous, but useless...Allah Ta'ala will remove your respect and your fears from the hearts of your enemies (who will then despise you) and Allah will instil weakness in your hearts." Someone asked: 'What is the cause of the weakness?' Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Love of the world and detestation for Maut." (Abu Dawud, Baihaqi).

488. Hadhrat Anas (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "The hearts too become corroded (by means of sin). Its polish is istighfaar." (Baihaqi).

489. Hadhrat Thu'baan (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) cursed the agent who arranged the bribe as well. (Ahmad, Baihaqi).

490. Hadhrat Abdullah Ibn Mas'ood (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "A sincere repenter of sins is like one who has not committed sins." (Baihaqi).

RECITING AND TEACHING THE QUR'AN MAJEED

491. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "He who recites the Qur'an well and clearly is equal in rank to the Angels who record creation's deeds. These Angels are gracious, honourable and of lofty rank. He who finds difficulty in reciting the Qur'an will obtain a double reward." (Bukhari, Muslim).

492. A person whose breast is devoid of the Qur'an (i.e. has not learnt anything of the Qur'an Majeed) is like a desolate house. (Tirmidhi).

493. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "A person who recites one harf (letter) of the Qur'an, obtains one virtue; each virtue multiplies to ten virtues. I am not saying that (ALM) is one harf. But, Alif in it is one harf; the Laam in it is one harf and the Meem in it is one harf." (Tirmidhi, Darimi).

494. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "On the day of Qiyaamah a crown of such brilliance will be placed on the heads of the parents of one who learnt the Qur'an and practised on its laws, that its glitter will outshine the brilliance of the sun which penetrates your houses. What then do you think will be the position of the one who himself learnt the Qur'an and acted in accordance with it?" (Ahmad, Abu Dawud).

495. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "He who recites the Qur'an, memorizes it,accepts its halal (lawful things) as halal and haram (forbidden things) as haram (i.e. his beliefs in these matters are correct), Allah Ta'ala will enter him to Jannat and accept his intercession on behalf of ten such persons of his family upon whom entry into Janhannum has become incumbent (i.e. Allah Ta'ala will forgive them because of his intercession)." (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Darimi).

496. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Continue reciting the Qur'an because on the Day of Qiyaamah it will appear as an intercessor for the reciter." (Muslim).

497. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "He who listens to even a single aayat (being recited by another) obtains such a virtue which perpetually multiplies (it increases in thawaab continuously). The one who recited the aayat will on the Day of Qiyaamah find the recited aayat in the form of a Noor (which will be of greater value and significance than the virtue which accrued to the one who had listened to the recitation)." (Ahmad).

498. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "The best of you are those who learn the Qur'an and teach it." (Bukhari).

499. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "On the Day of Qiyaamah the Qur'an will petition Allah to cloak the one who had recited it with garments of honour and respect. A crown of honour will then be placed on the head of the reciter. The Qur'an will then petition Allah Ta'ala to shower His pleasure on the reciter. Allah will then become pleased with him. The reciter will then be asked to recite the Qur'an, thereby attaining higher ranks of elevation. In reward for each aayat a virtue will accrue to him." (Tirmidhi, Ibn Khuzaimah).

500. Continue climbing (higher and higher in rank) with your recitation in the same way as you recited with care and concern on earth. Your abode (of residing) is located (at that rank attained) with the last aayat recited. (Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, Ibn Habbaan).

PARADISE AND HELL

"Whoever does evil, he shall not be recompensed (with aught) but the like of it, and does good, male and female, and is a believer, these shall enter the Garden, in which they shall be given sustenance without measure." Holy Qur'an (40:40)

"And (as for) those who reject Our signs and turn away from them haughtily - these are the inhabitants of the Fire, they shall dwell there forever." Holy Qur'an (7:36)

Be mentioned in the previous chapter the world of the hereafter...and we know that Allah, the Almighty, will give life to the dead on Resurrection Day. Souls will return to their bodies and people will be judged according to their deeds. Man's existence in the Hereafter will be similar to his life in the present world. He will eat, drink, be happy or sad, think of and remember things which he did in his previous life.

Paradise: Paradise is the dwelling place for the obedient believers of Allah in the Hereafter. Indeed, Allah has described for us life in Paradise and says: Surely the Paradise which He created for His obedient servants is as wide as the width of the heavens and the earth. In it there will be trees and fruits, of which their abundance will not be curtailed; springs flowing with delicious liquids! such as nectar and ginger; rivers flowing with pure sweet water, honey and milk; different kinds of foods and meats, which mankind likes and enjoys. There will exist everything which the believers desire, including beautiful sights and views that are a comforting to the hearts. Their dwellings will be beautiful: great palaces and elegant mansions, furnished with exquisits! carpet with various decorations. There, the believers, with their companions, will sit on comfortable chairs. In their meetings, they will exchange conversation with each other, giving thanks and praise to Allah, the Almighty. They will be content with the blessings and peace that Allah has bestowed upon them. Their clothes will made of luxurious green silk, and they will have bracelets of gold and silver. Everything which exists in Paradise, including food, drink and palaces, has no equal or likeness in our present world.

In Paradise, there will be neither summer heat nor winter coldness; neither is there day nor night. The dwellers will not suffer from illness nor be hurt nor sad. There will be no enmity nor problems occuring among the dwellers. Thus, they will live in happiness, love and bliss and be served by servants the like if whom are not found on this earth. Therefore, the dwellers of Paradise will live in blissful peace as a result of their righteous deeds and their sincerity to Allah, the Most High. Life in paradise will be everlasting. Thus man never dies there nor is transferred to another world. Hell is the dwelling place for the disobedient servants of Allah in the Hereafter. Verily, the justice of Allah, the Most Glorious, is that He will treat every man according to his or her deeds. While the dwellers of Paradise have earned their destiny as a result of their righteous deeds, the corrupted and disobedient have their recompense in Hell where they will be imprisoned like a criminal jailed in this world. Some, such as disbelievers and polytheists will remain there forever; others will remain for long periods those who believed in Allah but disobeyed Him or committed crimes, or sins such as giving up praying. Allah, the Most Glorious, describes the life in the Hereafter: Surely the dwellers of Hell will be tormented with unimaginable kinds of punishment which cannot be described. There is no likeness of such torment and suffering in our present world. They will be bound with long chains and cast into a blazing furnace, such fire cannot be found in this world. This Fire will blaze forever, guarded by angels. The food of the inhabitants will be made of zachum tree oil (a cursed tress growing in Hell's lowest depths); their drink will be boiling water; they will be forced to drink the filthy pus oozing from their bodies - the result of intense punishment. There, such people will wish to die to cease their saying but find none to save them from such punishment. Allah will keep them alive and suffering, and whoever their skins are burned away, they will be replaced by another to be burned afresh. Surely, the dwellers of Hell will cry out from the intense punishment but will find none to help. There is no escape and instead it will be said to them: "Fie! you have no right to say a word".